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Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction

Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction

Edited by:
  • Reinout W. Wiers - University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychology, the Netherlands
  • Alan W. Stacy - University of Southern California - Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA, University of Illinois, Carbondale

February 2006 | 560 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Most research on cognitive processes and drug abuse has focused on theories and methods of explicit cognition, asking people directly to introspect about the causes of their behavior. However, it may be questioned to what extent such methods reflect fundamental aspects of human cognition and motivation. Therefore, basic cognition researchers have started to assess implicit cognitions, defined as "introspectively unidentified (or inaccurately identified) traces of past experience that mediate feeling, thought, or action." Such approaches are less sensitive to self-justification and social desirability and offer other advantages over traditional approaches underscored by explicit cognition.

This handbook is the first to bring together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research, thus providing an opportunity to move the field forward by integrating research from previously independent fields that are relevant for a better understanding of the etiology, prevention, and treatment of addictive behaviors.

Reinout W. Wiers & Alan W. Stacy
1. Implicit Cognition and Addiction: an Introduction
Section 1: Definitions, General Theoretical Issues, and Functional Dual-Process Models
Jan de Houwer
2. What are implicit measures and why are we using them?
Jonathan St. B. T. Evans & Kenny Coventry
3. A dual process approach to behavioral addiction: The case of gambling
Roland Deutsch & Fritz Strack
4. Reflective and impulsive determinants of addictive behavior
Cathy L. McEvoy & Douglas L. Nelson
5. Measuring, Manipulating, and Modeling the Unconscious Influences of Prior Experience on Memory for Recent Experiences
Section 2: Assessment of implicit cognition in addiction research
Alan W. Stacy, Susan L. Ames & Jerry L. Grenard
6. Word Association Tests of Associative Memory and Implicit Processes: Prior Experience on Memory for Recent Experiences
Katrijn Houben, Reinout W. Wiers, Anne Roefs
7. Reaction time measures of substance-related associations
Mark S. Goldman, Richard R. Reich, Jack Darkes
8. Expectancy as a unifying construct in alcohol-related cognition
Javad S. Fadardi, W. Miles Cox & Eric Klinger
9. Individualized Versus General Measures of Addiction-Related Implicit Cognitions
Gillian Bruce & Barry T. Jones
10. Methods, Measures, and Findings of Attentional Bias in Substance Use, Abuse,
Matt Field, Karin Mogg & Brendan P. Bradley
11. Attention to drug-related cues in drug abuse and addiction: component processes
Section 3: Brain Mechanisms
Henry H. Yin & Barbara J. Knowlton
12. Addiction and learning in the brain
Ingmar H. A. Franken, Corien Zijlstra, Jan Booij & Wim van den Brink
13. Imaging the addicted brain: Reward, craving and cognitive processes
Ronald F. Mucha, Paul Pauli, Peter Weyers
14. Psychophysiology and implicit cognition in drug use: significance and measurement of motivation for drug use with emphasis on startle tests
Antoine Bechara, Xavier Noel, Eveline A. Crone
15. Loss of Willpower: Abnormal Neural Mechanisms of Impulse Control and Decision-Making in Addiction
John J. Curtin, Danielle E. McCarthy, Megan E. Piper & Timothy B. Baker
16. Implicit and explicit drug motivational processes: A model of boundary conditions
Section 4: Emotion, Motivation, Context and Acute Drug effects on Implicit Cognition
W. Miles Cox, Javad S. Fadardi & Eric Klinger
17. Motivational Processes Underlying Implicit Cognition in Addiction
Cheryl D. Birch, Sherry H. Stewart & Martin Zack
18. Emotion and Motive Effects on Drug-Related Cognition
Marvin D. Krank & Anne-Marie Wall
19. Context and Retrieval Effects on Implicit Cognition for Substance use
Mark T. Fillmore & Muriel Vogel-Sprott
20. Acute Effects of Alcohol and Other Drugs on Automatic and Intentional Control
Section 5: Implicit Cognitions and different addictions
Andrew J. Waters & Michael A. Sayette
21. Implicit Cognition and Tobacco Addiction
Reinout W. Wiers, Katrijn Houben, Fren T. Y. Smulders, Patricia J. Conrod & Barry Jones
22. To drink or not to drink: the role of automatic and controlled cognitive processes in the etiology of alcohol-related problems
Susan L. Ames, Ingmar H. A. Franken & Kate Coronges
23. Implicit Cognition and Drugs of Abuse
Martin Zack & Constantine X. Poulos
24. Implicit Cognition in Problem Gambling
Brian D. Ostafin & Tibor P. Palfai
25. Implicit cognition and cross-addictive behaviors
Section 6: Applying Implicit Cognitions to Prevention and Treatment
Tibor P. Palfai
26. Automatic processes in the self-regulation of addictive behaviors
Peter J. De Jong, Merel Kindt & Anne Roefs
27. Relevance of Research on Experimental Psychopathology to Substance Misuse
Marvin D. Krank & Abby L. Goldstein
27. Adolescent Changes in Implicit Cognitions and Prevention of Substance Abuse
Andy Prestwich, Mark Conner & Rebecca Lawton
29. Implementation Intentions: Can they be used to prevent and treat addiction?
Section 7: Commentaries and General Discussion
Kenneth J. Sher
30. Towards a Cognitive Theory of Substance Use and Dependence
Kent C. Berridge & Terry E. Robinson
31. Automatic Processes in addiction: a commentary
Dirk Hermans & Dinska Van Gucht
32. Addiction: integrating learning perspectives and implicit cognition
G. Alan Marlatt & Brian D. Ostafin
33. Being mindful of automaticity in addiction: a clinical perspective
Alan W. Stacy & Reinout W. Wiers
34. Common Themes and New Directions in Implicit Cognition and Addiction

" The addiction field needs a fresh approach.... it will be a 'first.'"

David M. Warburton
University of Reading, U.K.

"This book has the potential to pull together an important emerging area of research, frame the issues and future questions, and help develop ideas regarding prevention/intervention implications of this research.  The addiction field has been moving in the direction of implicit cognition for some time, and I think that this volume has the potential to be the seminal contribution to the area."

Kenneth Leonard

"I believe the need for such a compendium of research in this relatively new field is fully justified….The goal and scope of the text is consistent with my own views of where the field needs to go….The editors have done an excellent job in assembling a world-class list of contributors."

Jon D. Kassel
University of Illinois at Chicago

"The editors have done a good job thinking of ways to make their volume distinctive….with the potential to wield a lasting impact on a field of immense social importance…Like the editors, I have a sense that important advances in our understanding of addictions will come from research that follows this handbook's title."

Raymond Klein
Dalhousie University, Canada

"I think the time is absolutely ripe for this book.  The theories and methods of implicit cognition seem ideally suited to tap into the actual mechanisms of addiction,  which involve low-level, unconscious cognitive processes that interact heavily with biological affective-motivational processes….the book is the first to synthesize this new, interdisciplinary field."

Piotr Winkielman
University of California, San Diego

"I think the integration of implicit cognition and addiction is a novel idea for a handbook and one that is needed given the increasing rate of research using implicit measures to understand the processes involved in addictive behaviors."

Alan Marlatt & Brian Ostafin
University of Washington

"There is increasing interest in understanding the complexities of drug craving.  The studies in this book probe beneath the surface of subjective ratings with sensitive measures of implicit craving, detecting important processes underlying decisions addicts make about drug use.   Many researchers in addiction will find these analyses of the role of implicit processes in addiction valuable and timely."

Kent Berridge
University of Michigan

"At more than 500 pages, with 34 chapters in seven sections, it is definitely a Handbook with a capital H. The editors have done a great job of rounding up the usual suspects who publish on these topics. They have also chosen excellent contributors whose previous work is more immersed in cognition than in addiction. The book is thorough and appreciative of history but remains focused on cutting-edge topic."

Mitch Earleywine
Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books

"This book is a valuable source for both researchers and practitioners who are either familiar or unfamiliar with implicit cognition and addiction" Emmanuel Kuntsche, ALCALA

Emmanuel Kuntsche
Oxford University Press

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ISBN: 9781412909747

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