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Qualitative Research Methods
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Qualitative Research Methods

Second Edition
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January 2020 | 376 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd

Practical and straightforward, this book is a multidisciplinary introduction to the process of planning, conducting and analysing qualitative research, from selecting appropriate methods to publishing your findings. Built around the authors’ Qualitative Research Cycle – consisting of the design, data collection and analytic cycles – this pragmatic guide clearly demonstrates the steps you need to take to ensure your research is rigorous and robust.

Drawing on decades of experience teaching workshops, the book is packed with techniques and tools to help you turn theory and method into research practice. This second edition:

  • Showcases the importance of linking research design to data analysis, helping you avoid potential pitfalls and get the most out of your data
  • Highlights the relevance and wide application of qualitative methods with an array of international examples of real field research and interdisciplinary case studies
  • Gives clear guidance on writing qualitative research, including how to respond to critiques of qualitative methods
  • Has a renewed focus on evaluating quality in qualitative research, ensuring your work is valid, reflexive and ethical

Offering tried and tested research tools like interview guides that you can apply to your own projects and supported by online resources including checklists and reflective questions, this book is the perfect companion for anyone looking to complete a successful project using qualitative research methods.

 
 
Chapter 1: Introduction to the book
Who is this book for?

 
The qualitative research cycle

 
Structure of the book

 
Features of this book

 
 
Chapter 2: The nature of qualitative research
What is qualitative research?

 
When to conduct qualitative research

 
The underlying interpretive paradigm

 
Qualitative and quantitative research

 
Verstehen and understanding

 
The emic and etic perspectives

 
Subjectivity and the need for reflexivity

 
Our approach to qualitative research

 
Evaluating quality

 
 
Part I: The design cycle
 
Chapter 3: The design cycle
Formulating qualitative research questions

 
Incorporating literature and theory

 
Developing a conceptual framework

 
Selecting qualitative research methods

 
Evaluating quality

 
 
Chapter 4: Designing participatory research
Our participatory approach to qualitative research

 
The participatory design cycle

 
The participatory approach in data collection and analysis

 
Different roles of the researcher

 
Evaluating quality

 
 
Chapter 5: Ethical issues in qualitative research
What is ethics?

 
Ethics in qualitative research

 
Ethical issues in the design cycle

 
Ethical issues in the data collection cycle

 
Ethical issues in the analytic cycle

 
Evaluating quality

 
 
Part II: The data collection cycle
 
Chapter 6: Sampling and participant recruitment
What is purposive sampling?

 
Purposive sampling process?

 
Participant recruitment strategies

 
How many participants? The principle of saturation

 
Evaluating quality

 
 
Chapter 7: In-depth interviews
What is an in-depth interview?

 
When to use in-depth interviews

 
Purpose of an in-depth interview

 
The cyclical nature of data collection

 
Developing an interview guide

 
Preparing for data collection

 
Conducting the interview: skills of the interviewer

 
Strengths and limitations

 
Evaluating quality

 
 
Chapter 8: Focus group discussions
What is a focus group discussion?

 
When to use focus group discussions

 
The cyclical nature of data collection

 
Developing the discussion guide

 
Preparing for data collection

 
Conducting focus group discussions

 
Post-discussion information

 
Virtual focus groups

 
Strengths and limitations

 
Evaluating quality

 
 
Chapter 9: Observation
What is observation?

 
When to conduct observation

 
The cyclical nature of data collection

 
What to observe

 
Types of observation

 
Preparation and conducting an observation

 
Writing an observation

 
Strengths and limitations

 
Evaluating quality

 
 
Part III: The analytic cycle
 
Chapter 10: Data preparation and developing codes
Different approaches to textual data analysis

 
The nature of qualitative data analysis

 
Textual data preparation

 
Developing codes

 
Making a codebook

 
Coding data

 
Using software in qualitative analysis

 
Evaluating quality

 
Writing the manuscript or report

 
 
Chapter 11: Textual data analysis
After you write

 
Developing an analysis plan

 
Searching data

 
The cyclical process of analysis

 
Description

 
Comparison

 
Categorizing and conceptualizing

 
Theory development

 
Evaluating quality

 
 
Chapter 12: From analysis to participatory action
From analysis to participatory action

 
The overall participatory qualitative research cycle

 
The different roles of the researcher

 
Evaluating quality

 
 
Chapter 13: Academic writing of qualitative research
Writing qualitative research

 
Before you write

 
Writing a qualitative research article

 
After you write

 
Responding to critiques of qualitative research

 
Evaluating quality

 
 
Post Script: Assessing quality in the qualitative research cycle

This introductory textbook presents a useful framework of three interconnected cycles – the design cycle, the data collection cycle and the analytic cycle – to guide students through the process of conducting qualitative research. Engaging examples illustrate each step from start to completion.

Lena Jaspersen
Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds

Hennink, Hutter and Bailey provide a highly practical overview of all stages in the qualitative research process, linking clearly the cycles of design, data collection and data analysis. Excellent case studies illustrate qualitative research in practice. The authors’ clarity and coherence throughout the text makes this book a valuable read for all qualitative researchers.

Geraldine Foley, PhD
Assistant Professor, Trinity College Dublin

Written from a situated epistemological perspective, this handbook nicely blends theory with method and method with practical examples. A valuable guide for early career researchers in need of clear and simple answers to deal with complex phenomena and common critiques.

Karin Hannes
Professor in Qualitative Research Methodology and head of the Social Research Methodology Group, Faculty of Social Sciences, KU Leuven

This is well-written and easily accessible book, which will be of great benefit to my doctoral students as consider how to approach their projects. The information included is both practical as well as thought-provoking, and the inclusion of case studies, exercises and relevant reference lists, will be of great help in developing the students' skills and understanding of how to get the best out of their research.

Dr Philip Howlett
Faculty of Education (Chelmsford), Anglia Ruskin University
November 6, 2019

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