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Hazel Rose Markus Stanford University, USA

Hazel Rose Markus is the Davis-Brack Professor in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University.

She codirects Stanford SPARQ (Social Psychological Answers to Real-world Questions) and was previously

the director of the Research Institute of the Stanford Center for Comparative Studies in Race

and Ethnicity. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. Before moving to Stanford in

1994, she was a professor at the University of Michigan, where she received her PhD. Her work focuses

on how the self-system, including current conceptions of self and possible selves, lends meaning and

structure to experience. Born in England and raised in San Diego, she has been persistently fascinated

by how nation of origin, region of the country, gender, ethnicity, race, religion, and social class shape

self and identity. With her colleague Shinobu Kitayama, she has pioneered the experimental study of

how culture and self influence one another. Markus is a member of the American Academy of Arts

and Sciences and the British Academy, and she is the recipient of the APA award for Distinguished

Scientific Contribution and the APS William James Award for Lifetime Achievement. Some of her

recent coedited and coauthored books include Culture and Emotion: Empirical Studies of Mutual

Influence, Engaging Cultural Differences: The Multicultural Challenge in Liberal Democracies, Just

Schools: Pursuing Equal Education in Societies of Difference, Doing Race: 21 Essays for the 21st Century,

and Clash! How to Thrive in a Multicultural World.