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The Paraprofessional's Essential Guide to Inclusive Education

The Paraprofessional's Essential Guide to Inclusive Education

Third Edition

January 2009 | 248 pages | Corwin
áThe Paraprofessional's Essential Guide to Inclusive Education, Third Edition is a practical, hands-on resource for use in the classroom or resource room setting. Although the focus is students with special needs, many of the strategies are appropriate for general education students who are struggling in school and may need additional support to experience success in the classroom. The hundreds of numbered strategies in this publication are divided by topic. The numbering system helps the user to document the strategies, along with the results. It simplifies record keeping and supports the documentation of student progress. With hundreds of easy to implement ideas at your fingertips, this book will make your job easier. The Appendix includes forms to help with communication, planning, documentation, supplemental student aids, and more!
About the Author
1. Building Background

Inclusive Practices: Myth and Reality

Benefits of Inclusive Education

2. The Special Education System
Student Placement

What Are Handicapping Conditions?

Classroom Implications


3. The Special Education Team
4. Confidentiality and Special Education
Mandated Reporting

Confidentiality Related to Students


Guidelines for Confidentiality

5. Getting Started
Learning About Policies and Procedures

The Paraprofessional's Role

Role Delineation

Developing a Schedule

Scheduling for a Substitute

Effective Communication Strategies

Observations and Evaluations

Breakdown in Communication


6. The Paraprofessional and the General Education Teacher
Working in the Classroom Environment

Working With Students

Types of Classroom Instruction


Peer Tutoring and Leadership Opportunities

Skill Reinforcement

Assistive Technology

7. Accommodations and Modifications
What Is the Difference?

Levels of Change

Getting Organized

Frequently Asked Questions

8. Helping All Students Learn
Prereading Stage

Creating Audiotapes

Previewing or Preteaching Materials

On-the-Spot Changes

Novels, Free-Choice, and Silent Reading

Tracking Difficulties

Students With Hearing Impairments

Students With Vision Impairments

9. Support Across the Curriculum
Daily Assignments


Following Directions

Large-Group Instruction

Note-Taking Skills

Organizational Skills

10. Reading
Strategies for Struggling Readers

Reading Decoding

Reading Comprehension

Vocabulary Development

Students With Visual Difficulties

11. Written Language
Prewriting Stage

One Word at a Time

Generating Ideas

The Writing Process

Spelling in the Context of Written Language Assignments

12. Spelling
Grade-Level Spelling Lists

Parallel Spelling Activities

Drill and Practice Activities

Study Methods for Spelling

Spelling Tests


13. Mathematics
General Teaching Strategies

Parallel Math Activities

Modifying Math Assignments

Student Aids

14. Classroom Assessments
General Strategies

Types of Assessments

15. Behavior Management
Behavior Strategy Tips

Reinforcement and Discipline


Providing Structure for Students

Working With Students

Working With Impulsive and Easily Distracted Students

A Final Note From the Author
Resources: Reproducible Forms
Form 1. Contact List

Form 2. Discussion Activities for Paraprofessionals

Form 3. Job Description

Form 4. General Responsibilities

Form 5. Roles and Responsibilities

Form 6. Daily Schedule

Form 7. Special Education Acronyms

Form 8. Daily Log

Form 9. Daily Communication

Form 10. Alternate Plan

Form 11. Medical Alert Form

Form 12. Classroom Information

Form 13. Goal Worksheet

Form 14. Instructional Changes

Form 15. Curriculum

Form 16. Textbooks

Form 17. Daily Assignments

Form 18. Assessments

Form 19. Volunteer List

Form 20. Daily Assignment Log

Form 21. Weekly Assignments

Form 22. Common Abbreviations for Note Taking

Form 23. Chapter Outline

Form 24. Compare and Contrast

Form 25. Weekly Study Schedule

Form 26. Priority Assignment Sheet

Form 27. My To-Do List

Form 28. Checklist: Materials to Take Home

Form 29. Alphabet Activities

Form 30. Alphabet Cards

Form 31. Common Word Families

Form 32. Basic Phonics Rules

Form 33. Dolch Word List

Form 34. Instant Words

Form 35. Bingo Game Grid

Form 36. Tic-Tac-Toe Grid

Form 37. Word List

Form 38. Story Organizer

Form 39. Common Prefixes and Suffixes

Form 40. Charting New Vocabulary

Form 41. Story Starters

Form 42. Story Planner

Form 43. Story Outline

Form 44. Proofreading Checklists

Form 45. Paragraph Sequencing Activity

Form 46. Study Methods for Spelling

Form 47. "What Do I Do if. . .?"

Form 48. Behavior Change Plan

Form 49. Tally Sheet

Form 50. Sample Reinforcement Charts

Form 51. Positive Reinforcement Phrases

Form 52. Point Sheet


"A well-designed reference and learning tool for paraprofessionals. Many of the suggestions, examples, and vignettes could be applied to general educations students as well as those with disabilities. The valuable templates can easily be reproduced and used with students."

Renee Bernhardt, Special Education Teacher
Johnston Elementary School, Woodstock, GA

“This is a great guide. I have already used excerpts for an informal paraprofessional workshop in my school. The paraeducators thought that it covered all the areas of concern that they have. They couldn’t believe how many ready-to-use ideas it had and felt that the appendix alone was worth the price.”

Dawne Dragonetti, Special Education Teacher and Instructional Coach
Center School, Stow, MA

"Hammeken has provided an invaluable tool for paraprofessionals, school administrators, and teachers, both general and special. This book is a goldmine of information."

Esther Eacho, Learning Disabilities Resource Teacher
Aldrin Elementary School, Reston, VA

"I highly recommend this for paraeducators, special and general education teachers, and problem-solving teams looking for things to try for students. Get many copies!"

Beverly Plagge, Paraprofessional Educator
Area Education Agency, Latimer, IA

Sample Materials & Chapters


Chapter 1: Building Background

For instructors

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ISBN: 9781412966115