You are here

Business & Society

Business & Society

2018 Impact Factor: 5.013
2018 Ranking: 19/147 in Business
Source: Journal Citation Reports (Web of Science Group, 2019)
Founded at Roosevelt University

Andrew Crane School of Management, University of Bath, UK
Irene Henriques Schulich School of Business, York University, Canada
Frank de Bakker IÉSEG School of Management, France
Bryan Husted EGADE, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Mexico
Consulting Editor
Duane Windsor Jesse H. Jones Graduate School of Business, Rice University, USA
Production Editor
Virginia Gerde School of Business and Accounting, Furman University, USA
Social Media Editor
Timothy A. Hart Collins College of Business, University of Tulsa, USA

eISSN: 15524205 | ISSN: 00076503 | Current volume: 58 | Current issue: 8 Frequency: 8 Times/Year

Business & Society aims to be the leading, peer-reviewed outlet for scholarly work dealing specifically with the intersection of business and society. We publish research that develops, tests and refines theory, and which enhances our understanding of important societal issues and their relation to business.

The journal is built on the following aspirations:

Openness to diversity. We publish conceptual, empirical and normative research, based on a variety of disciplinary lenses and methodological approaches.

A review process that ensures scholarly excellence not simply conformity to the status quo. We aim to publish innovative work, which at times may deviate from the mainstream of management research by challenging assumptions and/or providing thought-provoking perspectives. However, it will always meet high standards of quality.

Timely decision making on submissions. Authors will be provided with decisions on the publishability of their manuscripts at the earliest possible occasion. Our goal is for the majority of published papers to have received a decision on publishability after the first revision has been evaluated.

Founded in 1960, Business & Society was the first journal exclusively dedicated to publishing research in the field of business and society. It is the official journal of the International Association of Business and Society.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Business & Society publishes new scholarship based on original research. The journal will consider a wide range of theoretical, empirical (quantitative and qualitative), normative, and methodological submissions. The journal publishes both full-length articles and shorter-length research notes. Commentary pieces and rejoinders are considered on an individual basis.

The scope of business and society scholarship is quite broad, but all papers should in a substantial way address the societal role, impacts and intersections of and with business. Relevant subjects include: business and global governance, business and public policy, business ethics, business-government relations, corporate governance, corporate political activity, corporate social performance, corporate social responsibility, corporate sustainability, environmental management, social entrepreneurship, social innovation, stakeholder management.

Associate Editors
Hari Bapuji University of Melbourne
Jill Brown Bentley University, USA
Itziar Castello University of Surrey, UK
Peter Darke York University
Silvia Dorado University of Rhode Island, USA
Carolyn P. Egri Simon Fraser University, Canada
Maria Goranova University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA
Jennifer J. Griffin Loyola University Chicago, USA
Colin Higgins Deakin University, Australia
Arno Kourula University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
David Levy University of Massachusetts, USA
Barry M. Mitnick University of Pittsburgh, USA
Alan Muller University of Groningen, Netherlands
Stephen Pavelin University of Bath, UK
Jonatan Pinkse University of Manchester, UK
Aseem Prakash University of Washington, Seattle, USA
Kathleen Rehbein Marquette University, USA
Judith Schrempf-Stirling University of Geneva, Switzerland
Douglas A. Schuler Rice University, USA
Mark Sharfman University of Oklahoma, USA
Andrew Spicer University of South Carolina, USA
David Wasieleski Duquesne University, USA
Christopher Wickert Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands
Editorial Board
Hari Bapuji University of Melbourne
Michael L. Barnett Rutgers University, USA
Shawn Berman University of New Mexico, USA
C. B. Bhattacharya University of Pittsburgh, USA
Allen Blackman Resources for the Future, USA
Jean J. Boddewyn Professor Emeritus, CUNY Baruch College, USA
Frances Bowen University of East Anglia, UK
Steven J. Brammer Macquarie University, Australia
Jonathan Bundy Arizona State University, USA
Itziar Castelló University of Surrey, UK
Rosa Chun University College Dublin, Ireland
Cynthia E. Clark Bentley University, USA
Philip L. Cochran Indiana University, USA
Nicolas Dahan California State University, Monterey Bay, USA
Nicole Darnall Arizona State University, USA
Magali Delmas University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Nikolay A. Dentchev HUBrussel and Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium
Robbin Derry University of Lethbridge, Canada
Paul Dunn Brock University, Canada
Heather Elms American University, USA
Edwin M. Epstein University of California, Berkeley, Professor Emeritus, USA
Adam Fremeth Ivey Business School, Canada
Jeffrey Frooman University of New Brunswick, Canada
Markus Giesler York University, Canada
Sarah Glozer University of Bath, UK
Jean-Pascal Gond City University of London, UK
Patrick Haack University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Michael Hadani St. Mary’s College of California, USA
Tobias Hahn ESADE, Ramon Lull University, Spain
Jamie R. Hendry Bucknell University, USA
Pursey P.M.A.R. Heugens Erasmus University, Rotterdam
Laura Illia IE University, Spain
Michael Johnson-Cramer Bucknell University, USA
Kate Kearins Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Ans Kolk University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Daniel Korschun Drexel University , USA
Jegoo Lee Stonehill College, USA
Adam Lindgreen Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Jeanne M. Logsdon University of New Mexico, USA
Céline Louche Audencia School of Management, France
John F. Mahon University of Maine, Orono, USA
Ian H. Maitland University of Minnesota, USA
François Maon IÉSEG School of Management, France
Alfred A. Marcus University of Minnesota, USA
Joshua Margolis Harvard Business School, USA
Daniel Matisoff Georgia Tech, USA
James Mattingly University of Northern Iowa, USA
Daina Mazutis University of Ottawa, Canada
Sébastien Mena Cass Business School, UK
Andrew Millington University of Bath, UK
Raza Mir William Paterson University, USA
Ronald Mitchell Texas Tech University, USA
Ivan Montiel CUNY Baruch College, USA
Jeremy Moon Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Dirk Moosmayer Nottingham University, UK
Mette Morsing Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden
Ben Neville University of Melbourne, Australia
Amy O'Connor University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, USA
Jennifer Oetzel American University, USA
Guido Palazzo University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Gordon L. Patzer Roosevelt University, USA
Karen Paul Florida International University, USA
John Peloza University of Kentucky, USA
Lutz Preuss University of Sussex, UK
Andreas Rasche Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Jorge Rivera The George Washington University, USA
Lori Ryan San Diego State University, USA
Sybille Sachs University of Applied Sciences in Business and Administration, Zurich, Switzerland
Walid Saffar Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Andreas Scherer University of Zurich, Switzerland
Dennis Schoeneborn Leuphana University of Lüneburg, Germany
Laura-Marie Schons University of Mannheim, Germany
Sanjay Sharma University of Vermont, USA
Mika Skippari University of Tampere, Finland
Vivek Soundararajan University of Bath, UK
Robert Sroufe Duquesne University, USA
Valerie Swaen Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
Caterina Tantalo San Francisco State University, USA
Michael Valente York University, Canada
Harry Van Buren University of New Mexico, USA
Frans A. J. van den Bosch Erasmus University, Rotterdam
James Weber Duquesne University, USA
Ben Wempe Erasmus University of Rotterdam, Netherlands
Arnold Wilts Utrecht University, Netherlands
Monika Winn University of Victoria, Canada
Donna J. Wood University of Northern Iowa, USA
Stelios Zyglidopoulos KEDGE Business School, France
Former Editors
Gilbert R. Ghez Roosevelt University, USA
Thomas M. Jones University of Washington, USA
Douglas F. Lamont DePaul University, USA
Jeanne M. Logsdon University of New Mexico, USA
John F. Mahon University of Maine, Orono, USA
Ann B. Matasar Roosevelt University, USA
Brian Reynolds Roosevelt University, USA
Richard Thain University of Plymouth, UK
Jennifer L. Wagner Roosevelt University, USA
Steven L. Wartick University of Northern Iowa, USA
James B. Webber Independent Management Consultant, New Hampshire
Paul Wellen Roosevelt University, USA
Bismarck S. Williams Roosevelt University, USA
Donna J. Wood University of Pittsburgh, USA
Brandel L. Works Roosevelt University, USA
Russell E. Yerkes Roosevelt University, USA
  • Business Source Premier
  • BusinessLink
  • CRN: Business & Industry
  • Clarivate Analytics: Current Contents - Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
  • Corporate ResourceNET - Ebsco
  • EBSCO: Business Source - Main Edition
  • EBSCO: Business Source Elite
  • EBSCO: Health Source - Nursing/Academic Edition
  • EBSCO: Human Resources Abstracts
  • Emerald Management Reviews
  • General Periodicals Index/ASAP
  • Health Business FullTEXT
  • International Political Science Abstracts
  • Journal Citation Reports/Social Sciences Edition
  • Legal Trac
  • LexisNexis
  • MAS FullTEXT
  • MasterFILE - Ebsco
  • NISC
  • OmniFile: Full Text Mega Edition (H.W. Wilson)
  • PAIS International
  • ProQuest: Applied Social Science Index & Abstracts (ASSIA)
  • ProQuest: CSA Sociological Abstracts
  • Risk Abstracts
  • Scopus
  • Social Science Source
  • Social Sciences Citation Index (Web of Science)
  • Social Services Abstracts
  • Standard Periodical Directory (SPD)
  • TOPICsearch - Ebsco
  • Vocational Search
  • Wilson Business Periodicals Index/Wilson Business Abstracts
  • 1. Original research

    Business & Society only publishes original research. A manuscript submitted to Business & Society should not have been published, in full or in part, in another journal, nor may manuscripts be submitted to another journal during the review process without notifying the editors of intent to withdraw. Duplicate submission is grounds for immediate rejection and if necessary additional sanctions. Prior publication in conference proceedings, however, is acceptable.


    2. Preparation of manuscripts

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines to authors. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    a. Length

    Full length manuscripts should be between 7000-12,000 words in length at initial submission, including tables, figures and references. Research notes should be no more than 5000 words. Manuscripts outside of these guidelines will be returned to the authors.


    b. Title, Keywords and Abstracts

    The title, keywords (3-5) and abstract (ca. 150 words) are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE's Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.


    c. Formatting

    Manuscripts should be double spaced, with 1-inch margins, in 12-point Times New Roman. New paragraphs should be indented, except those immediately following first or second level headings.


    d. Headings

    Main or First Level headings should be used to designate the major sections of the article. Initial headings, such as ‘Introduction’ are unnecessary. and be formatted as follows:


    First Level Headings

    First level headings should be typed in bold font with left margin. Major words should be capitalized


    Second Level Headings

    Second level headings should be typed in italic font with left margin. Major words should be capitalized


    Third level headings. Third level headings should be typed in bold, italic font, end with a full stop, and be part of a standard indented paragraph. All text should be in lower case.



    e. Referencing and Style

    Submissions should be American Psychological Association (APA) compliant.


    (i) In-text citations take the form (Windsor & Windsor, 1999, pp. 31-32).

    (ii) Specific standards are used for the reference list (which should be in alphabetical order at the end before any tables, charts, and figures). Examples are provided below for precise guidance (punctuation and italics matter):


    Journal articles

    Orlitzky, M., & Benjamin, J. D. (2001). Corporate social performance and firm risk: A meta-analytic review. Business & Society, 40(4), 369-387.


    Books (Monographs)

    Preston, L. E., & Windsor, D. (1997). The rules of the game in the global economy: Policy regimes for international business (2nd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. [So typically country or U.S. state, except New York.]


    Books (Edited volumes)

    Sukin, S., & DiMaggio, P. (Eds.). (1990). Structures of capital. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.


    Book chapters

    Mintz, B., & Schwartz, M. (1990). Capital flows and the process of financial hegemony. In S. Zukin & P. DiMaggio (Eds.), Structures of capital (pp. 203-226). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.


    Working papers

    Scheessele, R. (2002). Black and White disparities in subprime mortgage refinance lending (Working Paper No. HF-014). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.


    Online sources

    Rubin, R. E., & Rubinger, M. (2004, December 4). Don’t let banks turn their backs on the poor [Op-ed]. New York Times. Retrieved June 13, 2007, from http//... [with exact url address for the item].


    f. Tables and Figures

    Tables and figures should be on separate pages at the end of the manuscript, and a note should be placed in the text to indicate their approximate position, e.g. Table X about here. All tables and figures should be numbered separately: Tables 1, 2, 3, 4, etc. and Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, etc. Figures should be suitable for direct reproduction in black and white. Please keep tints to a minimum.


    3. Anonymisation

    Any self-citations that may compromise the blind review process must be avoided. In such cases, please either replace with (Author, Year) or avoid entirely for subsequent insertion.


    4. English language

    Manuscripts with deficits in the use of the English language will be returned to authors. Non-native speakers should make use of a native speaker as a copy editor. Authors who want to refine the use of English in their manuscripts might consider utilizing the services of SPi, a non-affiliated company that offers Professional Editing Services to authors of journal articles in the areas of science, technology, medicine or the social sciences. SPi specializes in editing and correcting English-language manuscripts written by authors with a primary language other than English. Visit for more information about SPi’s Professional Editing Services, pricing, and turn-around times, or to obtain a free quote or submit a manuscript for language polishing.


    5. Acknowledgments

    Acknowledgements should not appear anywhere in the manuscript, but can be included in the letter to the editor. Upon acceptance, all acknowledgements should be included in the final version of the manuscript and should appear first at the end of the article prior to any notes and references.


    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), Business & Society additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit Funding Acknowledgement on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for funding acknowledgement guidelines.


    6. Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway


    7. Submission


    a. Online submission

    Manuscripts must be submitted electronically at where authors will be required to set up an online account in the system powered by ScholarOne

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.


    All papers must be submitted via the online system. If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission, please contact the editors at


    b. Documents to be submitted

    The submission should consist of two separate Microsoft Word documents:

    (i) a manuscript without title page and without author identification information of any kind, and containing an abstract and keywords;

    (ii) a title page with full author contact information. These documents are converted by the online submission system to PDF format (with line numbering). PDF conversion typically eliminates WORD properties with author identification information, but submitters should use security (tools-options) and properties (file) devices to eliminate identification information even in advance of submission. A cover letter is not necessary, but can be submitted as a third document


    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    9. SAGE Choice

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to nonsubscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.
























































































































    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of [X] peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    SAGE Choice

    If you or your funder wishes your article to be freely available online to nonsubscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to the payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self/author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    Individual Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Subscription, E-access

    Institutional Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, E-access Plus Backfile (All Online Content)

    Institutional Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, Combined Plus Backfile (Current Volume Print & All Online Content)

    Institutional Backfile Purchase, E-access (Content through 1998)

    Individual, Single Print Issue

    Institutional, Single Print Issue