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Career Pathways

Career Pathways
Preparing Students for Life

February 2004 | 360 pages | Corwin
Career Pathways is a system of organizing student learning interests and aptitudes around career fields. The model grew out of the federally funded National School-to-Work Opportunities Act (1994). Briefly, a career pathways high school starts with the career clusters, for students to align themselves with in high school. Depending on the school location and capacity, there are a variety of career clusters that are offered - engineering, health, science, art/design, writing, business, agriculture, etc. - and a curriculum is built around the individual pathway and career field - e.g. nurse - that the student chooses from within their career cluster. This is a student-oriented model of self-determination, in which students choose a curriculum area that matches their aptitudes and abilities. Core curriculum is still taught throughout each silo, so standardized testing is accommodated.

Career pathways allow students to connect their learning from year to year, to practice their strengths and skills to prepare for transition to college or work, to work as teams, etc. It does not require a high school to overhaul their system, but instead shows how high schools can integrate the pathways model to work within a school and make it a more connected learning environment.

Introduction: Student Centered High Schools
About the Authors
Chapter 1. The What and Why of Career Pathways
The Beginning: A Student Scenario  
What is a Pathways High School?  
Why Pathways?  
Two Closing Scenarios  
In Review  
Chapter 2. The Collaborative Career Pathways Model
Introduction: A Student Scenario  
Model Structure - The Three Pillars  
Implementing the Three Pillars  
Community Vertical Process  
Horizontally Integrating the Pillars  
Putting it all Together: The Complete Implementation Chart  
Students as the Center of Learning  
Pathways and Citizenship  
Pathway Myths  
In Review  
Chapter 3. Steps to Implementing the Model
Introduction: A Community Scenario  
Part I. Three Steps to Successful Change - A Process Model
Part II. A Timeline for Implementation
Part III. Funding
In Review  
Part I. Building a Foundation
Chapter 4: District Vision and School Leadership: The Pathways Foundation
Intro: An American Scenario  
Vision, Mission, Goals and Values  
Presenting a Solid Example  
A Common Experience  
A Common Process  
Vision Process Chart  
In Review  
Chapter 5. Comprehensive Guidance to Prepare and Assist Pathway Students
The Importance of Comprehensive Guidance  
Career Pathways and Traditional High Schools Guidance Programs  
Pathways Comprehensive Guidance and National Counseling Standards  
Scheduling in a Career Pathways High School  
Educational Development Plans and Portfolios  
Student Testing and Data Collection  
Creating an Avenue for Pathways Changes and Flexibility  
In Review  
Chapter 6. Curriculum in a Career Pathways High School: A Rationale for Standards, Mapping and Integration
Introduction: A Curriculum Scenario  
The Importance of Curriculum in a Collaborative Career Pathways High School  
What is Curriculum?  
Integrating Technology  
Curriculum Quiz  
In Review  
Part II. School Structure
Chapter 7. Focus Classes for Each Level of Career Pathways
What is a pathways class and why do we have them?  
Focus Class Key Concepts and Placement  
What Does Each Pathway Class Look Like?  
Freshman Explorations: The Cornerstone  
Sophomore Selections: The Great Balancing Act  
Junior Judgments: The Stepping Stone  
Senior Transitions: Moving Forward  
How are Focus Classes Delivered?  
Curriculum Placement of Focus Classes  
Pathway Change Process  
The Long-term Results of Focus Class Work  
In Review  
Chapter 8. Scheduling in a Collaborative Career Pathways High School
Intro - Scenario  
The Need to Address Scheduling  
Major Types of Scheduling and Career Pathway High Schools  
An Ideal Collaborative Career Pathways Schedule  
Schedules and Teaching Styles and Professional Development  
Creating a Schedule that is Right for Your School  
In Review  
Part III. Classroom Processes
Chapter 9. Freshman Explorations: The Cornerstone of Pathways Instruction
A Student Scenario  
The Important Connections  
Freshman Explorations: The Curriculum  
In Review  
Chapter 10. Pathway Classes Grades 10-12: Sophomore Selections, Junior Judgments and Senior Transitions
The Great Scaffold  
Sophomore Selections  
Junior Judgments  
Senior Transitions  
The Scaffold Works  
In Review  
Chapter 11. Core and Elective Teachers as Support for the Career Pathways Instructional Process
Gaining Support of the Entire Faculty  
Core and Elective Teachers as Part of the Team  
Staff Inclusion  
Communication in a Pathways High School  
Continuous Staff Development and In-Servicing  
Teaming and Collaboration  
Career Technology & Academy Teachers versus Collaborative Pathway Teachers  
Working with the Core Teachers  
Working with the Elective Teachers  
How Pathway Teachers Differ From Traditional Classroom Teachers  
In Review  
Part IV. Culture, Community, and Technology
Chapter 12. Public Relations, Parents and Pathways
Gathering the Stakeholders  
The Public Relations Strategy  
Talking To Parents  
Talking to Students  
Talking to the School Community  
Talking to Community Members  
Working with Technical Centers and Academic Sources  
Myths about Pathways  
The On-going Public Relations Mission  
In Review  
Chapter 13. The School Community: The True Classroom of Pathways
Involving the Community  
Focus of Guest Visits  
Speakers in the Classroom  
Site Visit Locations  
Designing Field Trips To Accommodate Hosts  
Designing Job Shadows  
Service Learning  
Involving the Community in Internships and Senior Projects  
Support through the Academic Community  
In Review  
Chapter 14. School Culture and Climate in a Pathways High School
Introduction: Miguel's First Day  
What is School Culture and Climate?  
Why are School Culture and Climate Important?  
A Key Finding: School Connectedness  
The Pathways Solution to Key Findings #1 - School Connectedness  
Other Key Findings: School Prejudice and Codes of Silence  
Solutions and Suggestions for Climate Control  
Establish a Working Committee for Culture and Climate Issues  
Access Your Climate  
Develop a School-wide Plan  
Addressing Some Key Points of Instruction:  
Pathways as an Avenue to Good Culture and Climate  
Other Complementary Programs  
The First Day of School Challenge  
Conclusion: Miguel's First Day Revisited  
Conclusion: Becoming a Student Centered Program  
In Review  
Chapter 15. Pathways as a Systematic Philosophy
A Graduation Scenario  
System Change  
Creating a Structure with Purpose, Collaboration and Support  
Creating Cultural Change through Process and Experience  
Key Provisions for Successful Systems Change  
Resources: Sample Forms
A. Action Plan for Model Implementation  
B. Vision Process Action Plan  
C. Student 4-Year Planning Sheet  
D. Sample Career Pathway Educational Development Plan (E.D.P.)  
E. Department Goal Planning/Action Sheet  
F. Curriculum Planning Tool  
G. Career Pathway 4x4 Block Scheduling Planner  
H. Career Pathway Alternative Block (A/B) Scheduling Planner  
I. Career Pathway Traditional Block Scheduling Planner  
J. Student Goal Planner  
K. Study Skill Planner  
L. Student Teaming Card  
M. Sample Journal Questionnaire  
N. Pathway Decision Making Planner  
O. Chat Card  
P. Pathway Integrated Unit Planner  
Q. School Climate Planning Sheet  
R. Staff 1st Day of School Questionnaire  

"Howard and Ill have given educators a stunning encyclopedic handbook on career pathways. Loaded with helpful lists and charts, and written in a clear, conversational tone, Career Pathways is the new indispensable resource for superintendents, principals, counselors, and teachers."

Elaine Johnson, Honorary Fellow
Huron College

"Career Pathways is the most comprehensive curriculum approach to achieving the dual goal of academic and career maturity. High school educators who seek to promote not just college admissions but college success should consider the career pathways approach."

Kenneth Gray, Professor
Penn State University

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ISBN: 9780761939719
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