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Career, Work, and Mental Health
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Career, Work, and Mental Health
Integrating Career and Personal Counseling



June 2008 | 288 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
In this text, Vernon Zunker integrates career counselling/development with mental health counselling. The book builds on the growing recognition that career counselling cannot be viewed in isolation of mental health issues; an individual needs to viewed as a whole person whose psyche and mental health are delicately intertwined. The first part of the book provides a solid foundation on career theory and development, and the second part deals with how mental health and career issues are intertwined and how a career counselor or mental health counselor can intervene.

The book is practical in nature, offering specific interventions to deal with counseling individuals with career and personal concerns. The idea that mental health and career counseling should be more closely tied together is gaining prominence. Historically career guidance and counseling has been taught separately focusing on career development theories and application. It is now becoming more obvious that career issues are closely tied to mental health and visa versa and thus the timing is right for this book's release.

 
PART I. CAREER COUNSELING PERSPECTIVES
 
1. Introduction
Some Perspectives of Personal and Career Development Counseling  
Multidimensional Influences Shape Behavior  
Focusing on Multiple Life Roles  
The Pervasive Nature of Psychological Disorders  
The Pervasive Nature of Work Stress  
The Case for Each Client's Cognitive Schemas  
Recognizing and Uncovering Constraints of Career Choice  
Cultural diversity and Acculturation  
Summary  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
 
2. Career Development theories - An Overview
Career Development Theories  
Trait Oriented Theories  
Trait Oriented Theories in Perspective  
Social Learning and Cognitive Theories  
Social Learning and cognitive Theories in Perspectives  
Developmental Theories of Career Choice  
Developmental Theories of Career Choice in Perspective  
Person-in-Environment Perspective  
Summary of Career Development Theory Perspectives  
Summary  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
 
3. Career Counseling Practices
A Learning Theory of Career Counseling  
Intake Interview  
Using Assessment Results for Career Counseling  
Interventions  
Whole Person Approach to Career and Personal Concerns  
Summary  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
 
4. Constraints Effecting Career Choice and Development
Model of American Class Structure  
Socioeconomic Status (SES)  
Social Class and Socialization  
Potential Career Choice Constraints  
Self-Efficacy for Effective Behavior  
Summary  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
 
5. Career Choice and Development and the Changing Nature of Work
Initial Career Choice-The Shaping Process  
Career Choice Perspectives From Career Development Theories  
Career Choice-Central Component of a Person's Identity  
Economic Restructuring  
A Prevalent Career Model-Boundaryless Careers  
Contract Breach  
Some Career Barriers  
Summary  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
 
PART II: MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES AND SOLUTIONS
 
6. Depression and its Impact on Career Development
Biopsychosocial Model  
Development of Mood Disorder-Depression  
Biological Dimensions  
Psychological Dimensions  
Learned Helplessness and Depression  
Social and Cultural Dimensions  
The Career Counseling Connection  
Summary  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
 
7. Other Mental Health and Career Concerns
Concerns Associated with Apprehension and Fear  
Some Causes of Anxiety Disorders  
Intervention Strategies  
Concerns Associated with Fear of Social Situations and Being Around Others  
Influences That Can Lead to Social Phobic Behavior  
Effective Interventions  
Fear of Health Problems That are Non-Existent  
Effective Interventions  
Substance-Related Disorders  
Some Causes of Substance Abuse  
Effective Interventions  
Biological Interventions  
Psychological Interventions  
Social Interventions  
The Career Work Connection  
Schizophrenia  
Some Causes of Schizophrenia  
Interventions  
Summary  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
 
8. Cultural Diversity Dimensions
Some Perspectives on Culture  
Culturally Developed Cognitive Schemas  
The Cultural Self and its Career Development Implications  
Focus on Some Different Worldviews in the Helping Process  
Family Views  
Competition versus Cooperation  
Communication Styles  
Locus of Control  
Some Mental Issues of Cultural Groups  
Abnormality: Universal and Culture Specific Factors  
Anxiety Disorders  
Mood Disorder-Depression  
Personality Disorders  
Schizophrenia  
Somatoform Disorders  
Summary  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
 
9. Personality Development, Disorders and its Impact on Career
Some Personality Factors in Perspective  
Secure Relationships  
Personal Goals  
Gender and Cultural Diversity Issues  
Personality Disorders  
Class A Personality Disorders  
Class A Personality Disorders in Perspective  
Class B Personality Disorders  
Class B Personality Disorders in Perspective  
Class C Personality Disorders  
Class C Personality Disorders in Perspective  
An Overview of Personality Disorders  
Summary  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
 
10. Assessing Personality Development Through Personality Inventories
Personality Factors From the 16 PF Questionnaire  
Global or Second-Order Factors  
An Integrative Perspective  
The NEO-Personality Inventory-Revised  
Some Big Factor Research Results  
Implications for Interventions From the Neo-PI-R Profile  
Personality-Outcome Relationships  
Summary  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
 
11. Work Stress
Stress Process From an Interactionist Viewpoint  
Type A Behavior  
Job Stressors  
Work Overload  
Technostress  
Under and Over Promotion  
Spillover  
Electronic Performance Monitoring  
Work Stressors in Specific Occupations  
Dimensions of Psychological Well Being and Good Mental Health  
Work/Family Stress  
Coping Strategies to Reduce Effects of Stress  
Self-Efficacy  
Self-Esteem  
Social Support  
Cultural Diversity Issues  
Summary  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
 
12. Interventions and Case Studies
Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques  
Problem Solving  
Assertiveness Training and Behavioral Rehearsal  
Systematic Desensitization  
Cognitive-Restructuring  
Cognitive Schemas  
Ellis's A-B-C Theory of Personality  
Self-Enhancing Thoughts  
Homework Assignments  
Behavior Changes by Meichenbaum  
Stress Inoculation Training  
The Case of John, A Very Anxious Person  
The Case of Corrina, A Hypochondriac  
The Case of Yolanda With Symptoms of a Borderline Personality Disorder  
Summary  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
 
Appendix A: Acculturation Scales
 
Appendix B: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV-TR) Classification System (APA, 2000)
 
References
 
Name Index
 
Subject Index
 
About the Author

Needed a more career focused text with career theories for NCE preparation.

Mrs Rachael Anderson
Marriage and Family Therapy, Sioux Falls Seminary
March 4, 2015

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