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Community Corrections
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Community Corrections



April 2009 | 552 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Aimed at undergraduate courses in criminal justice that offer modules in community corrections, probation and parol, this text covers the necessary topics in community corrections but with a more practical approach than other texts. Subjects covered include: the history of probation and parole; arguments for and against the treatment of offenders; the point and purpose of community corrections; and jail facilities and detention centers.

The book offers a unique perspective given the author's expertise with both special needs populations and in the comparative fields. It is supported by an online study site and instructor's resource materials.

Note: All Chapters include Focus Topics, Key Terms, "What Would You Do" Exercise, Applied Exercise, and Cross-National Exercise  
 
CHAPTER 1: DEFINITIONS, HISTORY, AND DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS
Early Alternative Sanctions: Sanctuary  
Early Alternative Sanctions: Benefit of Clergy  
Early Alternative Sanctions: Judicial Reprieve  
Early Alternative Sanctions: Recognizance  
The Beginning of Parole  
The Beginning of Probation  
Philosophical Basis of Community Corrections - Both Probation and Parole  
Suggested Theoretical Approach to Reintegration and Offender Treatment  
Probation and Parole from 1960 On  
An Overview and State-by-State Comparison of Community Supervision Models  
 
CHAPTER 2: COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS: PUBLIC SAFETY IS JOB ONE
Key Criminological and Psychological Theoretical Perspectives That Can Be Applied to Community Supervision  
The Application of Theory to Specific Issues in Community Supervision  
The Application of Theory to Improve Public Safety  
Routine Activities Theory: A Model Theory for Improving Public Safety  
Excessive Caseloads and Their Impact on Community Protection  
The Use of the Community Itself to Improve Safety - Volunteers and Neighborhood Programs  
Improving Public Safety: Examples of How Individual Volunteers Can Make A Difference  
 
CHAPTER 3: ASSESSMENT AND RISK PREDICTION
The Pre-Sentence Investigation Report (PSI)  
The Basics of Risk-Assessment  
False Positives and False Negatives  
Static and Dynamic Risk Factors  
The Appropriate Use of Subjective and Objective Assessments  
Recidivism Prediction  
The Link Between Theory and Risk Prediction  
Better Diagnosis: The Need for Improved Assessment  
Agency-Created Assessment Instruments  
Classification  
 
CHAPTER 4: THE ROLE OF THE PRACTITIONER
Tasks and Nature of Work for Probation Officers  
Pay and Demographics of Probation Officers  
Role Confusion, Stress, and Burnout Related to the Job of Probation Officers  
Education, Training, and Qualifications for Probation Officers  
Tasks and Nature of Work for Probation Officers  
When Probation and Parole are Combined into One Department  
Firearms and the Community Supervision Officer  
Nature of Work for Treatment Professionals  
Record Keeping, Case Notes, and Administrative Duties with the Courts  
Types of Treatment Providers in the Community Corrections System  
Challenges to the Work of A Correctional Treatment Provider  
 
CHAPTER 5: LEGAL LIABILITIES AND RISK MANAGEMENT
State Levels of Liability  
Forms of Immunity and Types of Defenses  
Indemnification, Representation, and Types of Damages  
Legal Issues of Disclosure with the Pre-Sentence Investigation Reports  
Liability of Parole Board Members for Violation of Substantive or Procedural Rights  
Parole Board Liability for Released Offenders that Recidivate - Typically No Liability  
The Use of Objective Instruments as a Safeguard from Liability  
Probationer and Parolee Case Law Regarding Due Process During Revocation  
Legal Issues with Court Shaming and the Use of Polygraph Examinations  
 
CHAPTER 6: SPECIFIC ASPECTS RELATED TO PROBATION
Models of Probation Administration  
Objectives and Advantages of Probation  
Public Probation and Private Probation Agencies  
The Sentencing Hearing and the PSI Revisited  
The Court and the Role of the Judge: Setting Conditions for Supervision  
Purpose of Probation, Evaluation, and Compliance with Conditions of Probation  
Alternative Probation Methods  
Probation Revocation Procedures  
 
CHAPTER 7: SPECIFIC ASPECTS RELATED TO PAROLE
Models of Parole Administration  
Federal Parole: A Remnant of the Past  
The Financial Aspects of Parole  
The Granting of Parole  
Subjective and Objective Indicators in Parole Determinations  
Pre-Release Planning and Institutional Parole Officers  
Supervision From Beginning to End of Sentence  
Conditions of Parole  
Evaluation of Compliance and Modifications to Parole  
Parole Revocation Proceedings  
Victims and Restorative Justice  
 
CHAPTER 8: NEEDS-BASED CASE MANAGEMENT AND CASE PLANNING
The History and Evolution of Case Management  
Client Needs Assessment  
Reliability and Validity of Needs Assessment Scales  
The Assessment System Should Use Highly Reliable Information, instruments and Techniques  
Methods Used Which Are Specifically Valid for and Relevant to the Assessments and Decisions  
Assessment Approaches Must Provide for the Potential for Change Across Time and Settings  
Mental Illness and Classification - the DSM-IV-TR  
Caseload Assignment Models  
The Specialized Needs Caseload Model  
Standards of Classification  
Case Management Classification - Presentation of a Model System Assessment  
The Supervision Plan  
Use of Technology  
Client Contracting and Supervision Planning  
Addressing Offender Needs Holistically  
Treatment Screening and Screening Tools  
Treatment Planning  
Progress Notes, Record Keeping, and Connecting the Case Plan with Supervision  
 
CHAPTER 9: THE VIABILITY OF TREATMENT PERSPECTIVES
The Martinson Report - Revisited  
The Need for Community-Based Treatment and the Pitfalls of Treatment Programs in Institutional Settings  
Community Supervision Staff and Treatment Staff: Effective Alliances  
Different Types of Treatment Modalities/Orientations in Therapy  
Different Types of Treatment Programs  
Different Types of Treatment Professionals  
Community Partnerships and Agency Alliances  
Treatment Staff, Referrals, and Increased Human Supervision  
Progress in Treatment Programs and the Likelihood for Recidivism  
Educating the Community About Treatment Benefits and Integrating Citizen and Agency Involvement  
 
CHAPTER 10: COMMUNITY-BASED RESIDENTIAL TREATMENT FACILITIES
Initial Offender Processing in the Jail Setting  
The Use of Jail Diversion Programs to Alleviate Jail Crowding  
Historical Developments in Halfway Houses  
Various Community Residential Treatment Centers  
Rural and Urban Residential Centers  
Work Release and Study Release Programs  
Cost-Effectiveness and Actual Program Effectiveness  
Complex Offender Cases in Residential Facilities  
Typical Staff in Residential Treatment Facilities  
 
CHAPTER 11: INTERMEDIATE SANCTIONS
Fines  
Community Service  
Intensive Supervision  
Electronic Monitoring  
Global Positioning Systems  
Home Detention  
Day Reporting Centers  
Shock Incarceration/Split Sentencing  
Methods of Ensuring Compliance - Detecting Drug Use Among Offenders  
Testing Technologies - Immunoassay and Chromatography  
Testing Methods - Instrument Testing and Point-of-Contact Tests  
Methods of Ensuring Compliance - Sex Offender Notification Programs and Community Partnerships  
Intermediate Sanctions in Different States  
 
CHAPTER 12: JUVENILE OFFENDERS
The Early History of Juvenile Probation  
The Nature of Juvenile Probation  
The Juvenile Court System  
Juvenile Records  
Adjudication Processes and Difference for Adult Courts  
The Role of Child Protection  
Family Services and Family Interventions  
Risk Factors and Protective Factors for Juveniles  
Juvenile Intensive Probation Supervision  
Residential Treatment Programs  
Treatment Programs and Types of Therapy  
The Juvenile Gang Offender  
Restorative Justice Techniques, Family Conferences, and Teen Courts  
 
CHAPTER 13: SPECIALIZED AND PROBLEMATIC OFFENDER TYPOLOGIES
Adult Sex Offenders  
Sex Offender Typologies: Victim Chosen is Adult  
Sex Offender Typologies: Child as Victim  
Adult Sex Offenders in the Community  
Substance Abusers  
The Therapeutic Community  
The Use of Drug Courts  
Substance Abusers on Community Supervision  
Self-Help Groups  
Mentally Ill Offenders  
Common Types of Mental Disorders in the Criminal Justice System  
Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders  
Antisocial Personality Disorder, Psychopathy, and Other Mentally Disordered Offenders Who Have Heightened Risks of Violence  
 
CHAPTER 14: DIVERSITY ISSUES AND CULTURAL COMPETENCE IN A CHANGING ERA
Why is Diversity an Important Consideration?  
The Notion of Cultural Competence  
African American, Latino American, and Asian American Offenders in Metropolitan Areas  
Minority Caseloads, Minority Gang Affiliations, Training for Community Supervision Staff  
Female Offenders  
Applied Theory: Feminist Criminology and the Female Offender  
 
CHAPTER 15: PROGRAM EVALUATION AND FUTURE TRENDS IN COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS
Evaluation Research  
Staffing Community Corrections Programs  
Community Harm with Ineffective Programs  
The Future of Community Corrections  
The Media and Community Corrections  

"Unlike other books on the market this book seems to pick up nicely where Intro to Corrections left off.  Also, I like the blend of practice with theory."

Kevin Courtright
Edinboro University of Pennyslvania

Great book and it's easy the follow. The way the book is laid out, my students are really interested in reading the information. Great book!

Mrs Monekka Munroe
Sociology Crim Justice Dept, Florida A & M Univ
August 17, 2014

Good fit for this course. Affordability for the student.

Mr Douglas Shuler
Criminal Justice, Paris Junior College
February 23, 2010

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ISBN: 9781412959957
£69.00