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Counseling and Educational Research

Counseling and Educational Research
Evaluation and Application

Fourth Edition

June 2019 | 416 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Counseling and Educational Research: Evaluation and Application prepares readers to be good consumers and evaluators of research. Using concrete examples from published articles, author Rick A. Houser teaches students to take a systematic approach to evaluating professional literature critically and using it responsibly. The Fourth Edition covers evidence-based research, qualitative methods, program evaluation, and mixed methods; includes new discussions on how national accreditation standards in counseling (CACREP) and education (CAEP) apply to research; and examines how cultural influences can affect the research process.
About the Author
Section 1: Introduction to the Research Process
Chapter 1. Science and the Research Process
Definitions of Science and Research


Assumptions About Science and Research


Steps in the Scientific Process

Purpose and Overview of the Text

Chapter 2. Ethics and Research
Ethical Principles and Guidelines

Ethical Research Violations

Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Research Literature for Ethical Concerns

Evaluation of Research Examples Presented in the Professional Literature

Tuskegee Syphilis Study

Milgram Study

Chapter 3. Quantitative Research Designs
Strengths and Weaknesses of Quantitative Research

Types of Variables

Research Designs

Chapter 4. Qualitative Research Methods
Advantages and Disadvantages of Qualitative Research

Traditions or Paradigms in Conducting Qualitative Research

Case Study Approach

Chapter 5. Mixed Methods Research
History of Mixed Methods Research

Strengths and Weaknesses of Mixed Methods Research


Mixed Research Models

Chapter 6. Single-Case or Single-Subject Research
Guidelines and Procedures in Single-Subject Design

Research Designs in Single-Case or Subject Research

Chapter 7. Basics of Statistical Methods
Measurement Scales

Common Statistical Definitions

Descriptive Statistics

Inferential Statistics

Nonparametric Statistics

Chapter 8. Basics of Qualitative Research Data Analysis
Generating Data: Units of Data Collection

Organizing Data

Management of Data: Coding and Reducing

Interpreting and Reporting

Section II: Evaluating Articles in the Professional Literature
Chapter 9. Evaluating the Literature Review
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating Research

Evaluation of Examples From the Research Literature

Chapter 10. Evaluating the Purpose Statement and Hypotheses
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Purpose Statement

Evaluation of Examples From the Research Literature

Section Summary

Quantitative Research Hypotheses

Indirect Proof: An Orientation to the Scientific Approach

Types of Hypotheses

Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating Hypotheses: Quantitative Methods

Evaluation of Examples From the Research Literature

Evaluating a Hypothesis in Qualitative Research Methods

Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating Hypothesis or Hypotheses for Qualitative Research

Chapter 11. Evaluating the Methods Section—Sampling Methods
Sampling Methods Used in Quantitative Research

Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Methods Section Sample

Evaluating Examples From the Research Literature

Chapter 12. Evaluating the Methods Section—Instruments
Standardization of Instruments

Culture, Gender, and Diversity Bias

Reliability of Instruments

Validity of Instruments

Approaches to Measuring the Dependent Variable

Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Instruments—Quantitative Research

Evaluating Examples From the Research Literature—Quantitative Research

Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Instruments—Qualitative Research

Evaluating Single-Subject Research

Chapter 13. Evaluating the Methods Section—Procedures
Description of Study Variables

Random Assignment

Internal and External Validity

Threats to Internal Validity

Threats to Validity with Single-Subject Studies

Threats to External Validity

Evaluation of Procedures Examples From the Literature

Chapter 14. Evaluating the Results Section
Part I: Quantitative Research Results

Descriptive Statistics

Inferential Statistics

Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Results Section—Quantitative Research

Evaluating Examples From the Research Literature—Quantitative Research

Single Case Study Example

Part II: Qualitative Research Results

Coding Data: Data Analysis

Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Results Section—Qualitative Research

Evaluating an Example From the Results Section—Qualitative Research

Chapter 15. Evaluating the Discussion Section
Guidelines and Questions for Evaluating the Discussion Section

Evaluating Examples From the Research Literature

Single-Subject Case Example

Section III: The Application of Research and Evaluation
Chapter 16. Evidence-Based Research and Application
Counseling Meta-Analyses

Interventions in Schools

Integrative Reviews

Chapter 17. Conducting Research: Cultural Issues
Cultural Neuroscience Research

Examples of Cultural and Neuroscience Research

Chapter 18. Developing a Research Proposal and Conducting Research in Practice

Developing a Research Proposal

Practical Considerations in Conducting Research

Chapter 19. Development and Application of Program Evaluation Research
Definitions of Program Evaluation Research

Professional Standards and Guidelines for Program Evaluation

Types of Evaluation

Evaluation Models

Steps in an Evaluation

Examples of Program Evaluation

Chapter 20. Advances in Technology and Research

Online Counseling

Interactive Video

Bug-in-Ear Technology

iPads and iPhones

Virtual Reality

Neuroscience Technologies

Chapter 21. Current and Future Issues in Counseling and Educational Research
The Practitioner–Scientist Model

The Relevance of Research to Practice

Value Issues in Counseling

Social Justice Issues



Instructor Resource Site

A test bank for instructors is available with this text on the password-protected Instructor Resource Site. The test bank provides a diverse range of questions with the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.

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ISBN: 9781544305066