How is this book different?
The rationale and history behind the contributions from a researcher and from an information specialist
PART ONE: GETTING INFORMATION
What is a literature review?
Terminology used in this book
Different styles of review
Why and when will you need to review the literature?
The research question and the literature review
What is appropriate literature?
Choosing which style of review: a traditional narrative review or a systematic review
Searching for Information
Develop online searches by identifying key words and creating a search record
The range of information sources available for complex searches.
What do you need from a resource to make it appropriate for locating journal articles for your review?
Be analytical in your reading
Reading techniques - scan, skim and understand
Reading different types of material
Grey literature: non academic sources and policy reports
Recording and note making
From Making Notes to Writing
Writing - critical writing and types of argument
Making a value judgment and bias
PART TWO: USING INFORMATION
The Traditional Review
Types of review: critical, conceptual state of the art, expert and scoping
Draw up an analytical framework - how to sort the material
Moving to analysis and synthesis
The presentation of your review
Summarizing the gap - dare to have an opinion.
Writing up Your Review
Abstract, executive summary and annotated bibliography
Key words or phrases to help you move from stage 1 to stage 2
The 'so what' question, originality and making a value judgment
The Systematic Review
Development of the review protocol
Formulating the review question
Documenting your progress
Locating studies and sources of information
Selecting studies: inclusion and exclusion criteria
Appraisal - assessing the quality of research
Synthesis, drawing conclusions, what the review shows
Evolving formats of systematic review
Can I use meta-analysis to summarise the results of my systematic review?
Undertaking your meta-analysis
Displaying the results of a meta-analysis
Is your meta-analysis free from bias?
Performing a sensitivity analysis
Referencing and Plagiarism
Why is referencing important?
What do you need to reference?
How many references should I provide?
When and how to reference
Where to find citation information you need
Appendix 1: Further reading
Appendix 2: Critical review checklist
Appendix 3: Systematic review online resources
Appendix 4: Resources for meta-analysis