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Essentials of Social Statistics for a Diverse Society
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Essentials of Social Statistics for a Diverse Society

Second Edition
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October 2014 | 408 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Essentials of Social Statistics for a Diverse Society, Second Edition provides students with a briefer, less expensive version of the successful Social Statistics for a Diverse Society, now in its Seventh Edition. As in the parent text, this concise statistics text puts a strong emphasis on the theme of diversity, which is illustrated through the use of real data in examples from contemporary social issues. The book’s informational and inviting writing style, coupled with the use of real-world examples and data applications, makes the book a more accessible and engaging resource for students.

Available with Perusall—an eBook that makes it easier to prepare for class
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CHAPTER 1: The What and the Why of Statistics
The Research Process

 
Asking Research Questions

 
The Role of Theory

 
Formulating the Hypotheses

 
Collecting Data

 
A Cautionary Note: Measurement Error

 
Analyzing Data and Evaluating the Hypotheses

 
Looking at Social Differences

 
 
CHAPTER 2: The Organization and Graphic Presentation of Data
Frequency Distributions

 
Proportions and Percentages

 
Percentage Distributions

 
Comparisons

 
Statistics in Practice: Labor Force Participation Among Foreign Born

 
The Construction of Frequency Distributions

 
Cumulative Distributions

 
Rates

 
Statistics in Practice: Civilian Labor Force Participation Rates Over Time

 
Reading the Research Literature: Statistical Tables

 
The Pie Chart: Race and Ethnicity of the Elderly

 
The Bar Graph: Marital Status of the Elderly

 
The Histogram

 
Statistics in Practice: Gender and Age

 
The Line Graph

 
Time-Series Charts

 
A Cautionary Note: Distortions in Graphs

 
Statistics in Practice: The Graphic Presentation of Education

 
 
CHAPTER 3: Measures of Central Tendency
The Mode

 
The Median

 
Statistics in Practice: Gendered Income Inequality

 
The Mean

 
Finding the Mean in a Frequency Distribution

 
The Shape of the Distribution: Television, Education, and Siblings

 
Considerations for Choosing a Measure of Central Tendency

 
A Cautionary Note: Representing Income

 
 
CHAPTER 4: Measures of Variability
The Importance of Measuring Variability

 
The Range

 
The Interquartile Range: Increases in Elderly Population

 
The Variance and the Standard Deviation: Changes in the Elderly Populations

 
Considerations for Choosing a Measure of Variation

 
Reading the Research Literature: Differences in College Aspirations and Expectations Among

 
 
CHAPTER 5: The Normal Distribution
Properties of the Normal Distribution

 
Standard (Z) Scores

 
The Standard Normal Distribution

 
The Standard Normal Table

 
Transforming Proportions (or Percentages) Into Z Scores

 
 
CHAPTER 6: Sampling and Sampling Distributions
The Concept of the Sampling Distribution

 
The Sampling Distribution of the Mean

 
The Central Limit Theorem

 
Statistics in Practice: The Central Limit Theorem

 
 
CHAPTER 7: Estimation
Estimation Defined

 
Procedures for Estimating Confidence Intervals for Means

 
Confidence Intervals for Proportions

 
Statistics in Practice: The 2012 Benghazi Terrorist Attack Investigation

 
A Cautionary Note: The Margin of Error

 
 
CHAPTER 8: Testing Hypotheses
Assumptions of Statistical Hypothesis Testing

 
Stating the Research and Null Hypotheses

 
Determining What Is Sufficiently Improbable: Probability Values and Alpha

 
The Five Steps in Hypothesis Testing: A Summary

 
Errors in Hypothesis Testing

 
Statistics in Practice: The Earnings of White Women

 
Testing Hypotheses About Two Samples

 
The Sampling Distribution of the Difference Between Means

 
Population Variances Are Assumed to Be Unequal

 
The Five Steps in Hypothesis Testing About Difference Between Means: A Summary

 
Focus on Interpretation: Cigarette Use Among Teens

 
Testing the Significance of the Difference Between Two Sample Proportions

 
Statistics in Practice: Comparing First- and Second-Generation Hispanic Americans

 
Is There a Significant Difference?

 
Reading the Research Literature: Reporting the Results of Statistical Hypothesis Testing

 
 
CHAPTER 9: Bivariate Tables
Independent and Dependent Variables

 
How to Construct a Bivariate Table: Race and Home Ownership

 
How to Compute Percentages in a Bivariate Table

 
How to Deal With Ambiguous Relationships Between Variables

 
Reading the Research Literature: Place of Death in America

 
The Properties of a Bivariate Relationship

 
Elaboration

 
The Concept of Chi-Square as a Statistical Test

 
The Concept of Statistical Independence

 
The Structure of Hypothesis Testing With Chi-Square

 
Sample Size and Statistical Significance for Chi-Square

 
Focus on Interpretation: Education and Health Assessment

 
Proportional Reduction of Error: A Brief Introduction

 
What Is Strong? What Is Weak? A Guide to Interpretation

 
Lambda: A Measure of Association for Nominal Variables

 
Cramer’s V: A Chi-Square-Related Measure of Association for Nominal Variables

 
Focus on Interpretation: Gamma and Kendall’s Tau-b

 
Using Ordinal Measures With Dichotomous Variables

 
Focus on Interpretation: The Gender Gap in Gun Control

 
 
CHAPTER 10: Analysis of Variance
Understanding Analysis of Variance

 
The Structure of Hypothesis Testing With ANOVA

 
The Five Steps in Hypothesis Testing: A Summary

 
Assessing the Relationship Between Variables

 
Focus on Interpretation: Are Immigrants Good for America’s Economy?

 
Reading the Research Literature: Stresses and Strains Among Grandmother Caregivers

 
 
CHAPTER 11: Regression and Correlation
The Scatter Diagram

 
Linear Relations and Prediction Rules

 
Statistics in Practice: Median Household Income and Criminal Behavior

 
Methods for Assessing the Accuracy of Predictions

 
Statistics in Practice: Teen Pregnancy and Social Inequality

 
Focus on Interpretation: The Marriage Penalty in Earnings

 
A Cautionary Note: Spurious Correlations and Confounding Effects

 
 
Appendix A. The Standard Normal Table
 
Appendix B. Distribution of t
 
Appendix C. Distribution of Chi-Square
 
Appendix D. Distribution of F
 
Appendix E. A Basic Math Review
 
Learning Check Solutions
 
Answers to Odd-Numbered Exercises
 
Glossary

Supplements

Student Study Site

SAGE edge for students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • A customized online action plan includes tips and feedback on progress through the course and materials, which allows students to individualize their learning experience.
  • Web exercises and meaningful web links facilitate student use of internet resources, further exploration of topics, and responses to critical thinking questions.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter.
  • Access to five new data sets including GSS 2010, HINTS 2012, MTF 2011, and Global 2013.
Instructors Resource Site

SAGE edge for instructors supports teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of prewritten options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring one’s course.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia
    presentation for the course.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter to encourage students to think critically.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • Lively and stimulating ideas for class activities that can be used in class to reinforce active learning.
  • Chapter-specific discussion questions help launch classroom interaction by prompting students to engage with the material and by reinforcing important content.
  • A course cartridge provides easy LMS integration.

This text provides concise explanations of statistics. Theory is explained clearly and would help any student understand the basic principles. The examples provided for each topic are beneficial and provides the reader with the opportunity to gain a deeper level of knowledge and understanding.

Miss Ella Malton
Department of Health & Social Studies, Grimsby Institute of HE And FE
January 5, 2018

Social Statistics for a Diverse Society is a good introduction for students who need to look at statistics. The information is clear and concise which makes it easier for students to follow and it is packed with relevant examples from real data collections of social issues which makes it relevant to students. This book also supports students with interpreting the data, focusing on the diverse society which enables them to identify key concepts.

Mrs Helen Clarke
Health, Salisbury College
July 11, 2017

This text offers students a one-stop shop for quantitative analysis. It provides clear instruction through quantitative analysis methods and uses contemporary and accessible data sets to enable readers to see the significance and relevance. An highly recommended text.

Mr Paul Matthews
School of Hospitality, Tourism & Events, University College Birmingham
July 14, 2016

Although an excellent and interesting read, the book was not suitable for the module I teach on. Excellent read though!

Miss Elizabeth Selina Green
Business and Law, University of the West Of England
June 9, 2015

Recommended resurce, and also shared with other faculty teaching stats and research methods.

Dr Mudita Rastogi
School Of Psych Behav Sci, Argosy University-Schaumburg
April 2, 2015

The technical information was clearly presented. I appreciated the critical stance on social science.

Ms Casadi Marino
Grad School Of Social Work, Portland State University
April 2, 2015

It is a more user-friendly stats book compared to Weinbach & Grinnell. The use of illustrations and layout increase the user-friendliness of the textbook.

Ms Beckie Child
Grad School Of Social Work, Portland State University
February 3, 2015

Seems straightforward and accessible. I appreciate the focus on diversity for the examples.

Sarah Carroll
Clinical Psychology, Wright Institute
January 5, 2015

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 9


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