In today's educational setting there seems to be a universal call for student engagement. The topic of student motivation is foremost in almost every attempt at educational reform. Recent research on the topics of motivation, self-efficacy, attribution theory, implicit personality theory, goal orientation, and resiliency has provided new insights about the malleability of mindsets in learners. Appropriate challenges and feedback seem to be the key factors in determining whether a student gives up or perseveres towards an objective. This book is written for teachers, parents, and other student advocates who want to help students become autonomous, enthusiastic lifelong learners. The purpose of this book is to inform adults about motivational theory, and more importantly, to give them concrete, applicable guidelines along with specific examples about what to say and what not to say to learners. The title, Fall Down 7 Times, Get Up 8, implies that failure in not only a possibility, it is a very concrete way of gaining ground. The author aims to change the conversation from today's. Failure is not an option. We can utilize what seems to be failure as the next logical step towards one's goals. Students need to be taught to view failure as a temporary glitch and a step towards success rather than as a permanent state of being. In layman's terms the author explains the research behind her ideas while offering down-to-earth, often humorous, real life examples.
Foreword by Carol Ann Tomlinson
About the Author
1. Self-Motivation - What Is It, and How Do We Use It to Empower Children?
Albert Bandura and Self-Efficacy
Motivation or Self-Motivation?
TUH-tuh-tuh-DAH! for Kids
Amy Chua, Author of Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother
Adults Need to Work in Tandem With Children's Motivation
Entitlement or Empowerment?
Sample Adult Statements
2. Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)
Mastery Learning Experience
Lev Vygotsky and "Zone of Proximal Development"
3. Self-Regulation, Deliberate Practice, and Failure
Instant Gratification and Its Implications
Adults Modeling Self-Regulation
Ericsson's Deliberate Practice
Expertise and the Ten-Year Rule
Failure? There's an "App" for That
My Skating Rink Story
Helping Kids Deal With Failure
Adults Modeling Recovery Practices
4. Attribution Theory - Why Did I Succeed (or not)?
More on A Simplified Version of Attribution Theory
The Littering Experiment
Rosenthal's Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
5. Mindset - The Key to Self-Motivation
Fixed Mindset/Growth Mindset
Taking the Joy From the Artist
Gifted Kids and Coping With Failure
Fostering a Growth Mindset in Children
Feedback That Changes Perspectives
6. What Do I Get for Doing It? (Examining Rewards)
My Parents and Rewards
My Love Affair With Rewards
My Aha Moment With Rewards
My Reward Fiasco
Varying Degrees of Rewards
Paul Chance, The Voice of Reason
Praise As a Reward
No More Stars, Stickers, or Trophies? Really?
Motivating Kids to Do Unexciting Tasks
Rewards as Affirmations
7. Autonomy, Time, and Flow
Optimal Learning Environment and Flow
8. Helping Students Stay Motivated as They Get Older
Helping Older Children Cope With Failure
9. Inspiring Young Children
Be Careful About Indirect Communication
Helping Kids Who Are Afraid
10. FAQs About Teaching Students to Be Successful
The Story of a Phoenix