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Harold Garfinkel
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Harold Garfinkel

Four Volume Set
Edited by:

Other Titles in:
Social Theory

April 2003 | 1 648 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd
Born in 1917, Harold Garfinkel is one of a handful of sociologists to have founded a major sociological research programme, and he is perhaps the only one to have done so in the 20th century. Unlike many major theorists, whose individual contributions have become part of the sociological canon, Garfinkel's contribution is identified with a distinctive empirical approach that continues to be taken up in sociology and a number of other social science fields. He coined the term ethnomethodology - to describe a unique orientation to the production of social order. This term became established to describe the approach he founded. His book Studies in Ethnomethodology (1967) was a landmark publication that articulated the ethnomethodological programme and illustrated it with a number of studies. Much of Garfinkel's contribution is embodied in a research programme, consisting of studies written by his students who took up his research agenda.

The four volumes include an introduction by Lynch and Sharrock that discusses Garfinkel's intellectual biography and reviews his contribution. The 80 selections included in the set of volumes consist of basic position statements, critical discussions, methodological writings, discussions of the problem of social reality, comparisons between ethnomethodology and other perspectives, and studies exemplifying Garfinkel's influence at different phases of his long and distinguished career. The result is an unparalleled resource in understanding Garfinkel's achievement and the extraordinary wealth of his sociological ideas and methods.

The four volumes are organized in seven sections:

1. Position Statements

This section provides: a guide to the meaning of ethnomethodology; the ethnomethodological programme; the relationship between Garfinkel and classical sociology; an assessment of the significance of the ethnomethodological movement; and evaluations of the contribution of ethnomethodology.

2. Criticisms and Reactions

Garfinkel's work provides a number of challenges and opportunities for sociologists. Some have found it very liberating, others have questioned its durable contribution. Included here are criticisms and reactions from some of the leading figures in the discipline, notably Anthony Giddens, Ernest Gellner, Alvin Gouldner, John Goldthorpe, Louis Coser and J rgen Habermas.

3. Ethnomethodology and Other Perspectives

Ethnomethdology both drew on other established perspectives and revitalized them. The editors single out four perspectives here for special consideration: phenomenology; symbolic interactionism; conversation analysis; and constructionism.

4. Methods as Topics and Resources

This section explores: ordinary and scientific measurement as ethnomethodological phenomena; evidence and inference in ethnomethodology; and quantitative practice and ethnomethodology.

5. From the Problem of Reality to the Production of Reality

This section addresses: questions of objectivity and realism; the anatomy of factual accounts; the anatomy of reality; and reflexivity of actors and accounts.

6. Studies of Organizations and Institutions

One of the distinctive features of ethnomethodology is the productiveness of the approach as an instrument of research. This section conveys the wealth of ethnomethodological studies by focusing on investigations of practices in legal, medical, educational, and other organizations.

7. Studies of Work in the Professions and Sciences

The final group of studies exemplifies the influence of Garfinkel's programme in 'studies of work in the sciences and professions'. These studies focus on practices of scientific research, mathematical proving, and technological design. The studies develop upon Garfinkel's insights about the relationship between formal accounts and the 'lived-work' of producing accountable actions.

 
VOLUME I
 
PART ONE: POSITION STATEMENTS
Oxford English Dictionary
Definition of Ethnomethodology
Michael Lynch
Ethnomethodology
Anne Rawls
Harold Garfinkel
John Heritage
Garfinkel and Ethnomethodology
Edward Rose
A Conversation with Harvey Sacks
Robert Dingwall
The Ethnomethodological Movement
Don H. Zimmerman
Studies in Ethnomethodology: Twenty Years Later
Douglas W. Maynard & Steven E. Clayman
The Diversity of Ethnomethodology
Paul Filmer
On Harol Garfinkel's Ethnomethodology
Richard A. Hilbert
Garfinkel's Recovery of Themes in Classical Sociology
Jeff Coulter
Ethnomethodology and the Contemporary Condition of Inquiry
Don H. Zimmerman & Melvin Pollner
The Everyday World as a Phenomenon
Marek Czyzewski
Reflexivity of Actors Versus Reflexivity of Accounts
 
PART TWO: CRITICISMS AND REACTIONS
Alvin W. Gouldner
Ethnomethodology
Sociology as a Happening

 
Anthony Giddens
Ethnomethodology
Jurgen Habermas
The Problem of Understanding Meaning in the Social Sciences
James S. Coleman
Review of Garfinkel, Studies in Ethnomethodology
John H. Goldthorpe
A Revolution in Sociology?
Doug Benson
Critical Note: A Revolution in Sociology
Lewis A. Coser
Two Methods in Search of a Substance
Don H. Zimmerman
A Reply to Professor Coser
Hugh Mehan & Houston Wood
De-Secting Ethnomethodology
Lewis A. Coser
Reply to My Critics
 
VOLUME II
 
PART TWO: CRITICISMS AND REACTIONS (continued)
Paul Attewell
Ethnomethodology Since Garfinkel
Mark Peyrot
Understanding Ethnomethodology
A Remedy for Some Common Misconceptions

 
Melvin Pollner
Left of Ethnomethodology
The Rise and Decline of Radical Reflexivity

 
 
PART THREE: ETHNOMETHODOLOGY AND OTHER PERSPECTIVES
 
Section 1: Phenomenology
James L. Heap and Phillip A. Roth
On Phenomenological Society
John O'Neill
From Phenomenology to Ethnomethodology
Some Radical "Misreadings"

 
George Psathas
Ethnomethodology as a Phenomenological Approach in the Social Sciences
D. Lawrence Wieder
When is Phenomenology Sociological?
R.J. Anderson, J.A. Hughes & W.A. Sharrock
The Relationship Between Ethnomethodology and Phenomenology
 
Section 2: Symbolic Interactionism
Norman K. Denzin
Symbolic Interactionism and Ethnomethodology
A Proposed Synthesis

 
Don H. Zimmerman & D. Lawrence Wieder
Ethnomethodology and the Problem of Order
Comment on Denzin

 
Jeff Coulter
Remarks on the Conceptualization of Social Structure
 
Section 3: Conversation Analysis
Harvey Sacks
Sociological Description
Don H. Zimmerman & Deirdre Boden
Structure-in-Action
An Introduction

 
Don H. Zimmerman
On Conversation
The Conversation Analytic Perspective

 
D. Lawrence Wieder
From Resource to Topic
Some Aims of Conversation Analysis

 
 
Section 4: Ethnomethodology and Constructionism
Michael E. Lynch
Technical Work and Critical Enquiry
Investigations in a Scientific Laboratory

 
Graham Button & Wes Sharrock
A Disagreement over Agreement and Consensus in Constructionist Sociology
Melvin Pollner
Sociological and Common-Sense Models of the Labelling Process
Steve Woolgar & Dorothy Pawluch
Ontological Gerrymandering
The Anatomy of Social Problems Explanations

 
 
PART FOUR: METHODS AS TOPICS AND RESOURCES
Aaron V. Cicourel
Interviews, Surveys and the Problem of Ecological Validity
Lucy Suchman & Brigitte Jordan
Interactional Troubles in Face-to-Face Survey Interviews
 
VOLUME III
 
PART FOUR: METHODS AS TOPICS AND RESOURCES (continued)
Lindsey Churchill
Ethnomethodology and Measurement
Michael Lynch
Method
Measurement - Ordinary and Scientific Measurement as Ethnomethodological Phenomena

 
Douglas Benson & John A. Hughes
Method
Evidence and Inference - Evidence and Inference for Ethnomethodology

 
Michael Moerman & Harvey Sacks
On "Understanding" in the Analysis of Natural Conversation
 
PART FIVE: FROM THE PROBLEM OF REALITY TO THE PRODUCTION OF REALITY
Egon Bittner
Objectivity and Realism in Sociology
Melvin Pollner
Mundane Reasoning
David Bogen
Beyond the "Limits" of Mundane Reason
003 Dorothy E. Smith
'K is Mentally Ill'
The Anatomy of a Factual Account

 
Peter Eglin & Stephen Hester
Moral Order and the Montreal Massacre
A Story of Membership Categorization Analysis

 
Jeff Coulter & E.D. Parsons
The Praxiology of Perception
Visual Orientations and Practical Action

 
George Psathas & Martin Kozloff
The Structure of Directions
 
PART SIX: ETHNOMETHODOLOGICAL STUDIES OF ORGANIZATIONS AND INSTITUTIONS
Egon Bittner
The Concept of Organization
Egon Bittner
The Police on Skid-Row
A Study of Peace Keeping

 
Paul Drew
Accusations
The Occasioned Use of Members' Knowledge of 'Religious Geography' in Describing Events

 
Stacy Burns
Lawyers' Work in the Menendez Brothers' Murder Trial
David A. Goode
On Understanding Without Words
Communication Between a Deaf-Blind Child and her Parents

 
Kenneth Liberman
The Collective Character of Disputes in Aboriginal Communities
Michael Moerman
The Use of Precedent in Natural Conversation
A Study in Practical Legal Reasoning

 
 
VOLUME IV
 
PART SIX: ETHNOMETHODOLOGICAL STUDIES OF ORGANIZATIONS AND INSTITUTIONS (continued)
Ken Morrison
Some Researchable Recurrences in Disciplinary-Specific Inquiry
Anita Pomerantz & J. Maxwell Atkinson
Ethnomethodology, Conversation Analysis, and the Study of Courtroom Interaction
Albert B. Robillard
Can He Think?
Harvey Sacks
Notes on Police Assessment of Moral Character
Howard Schwartz
Data
Who Needs It? Describing Normal Environments - Examples and Methods

 
david Sudnow
Normal Crimes
Sociological Features of the Penal Code in a Public Defender Office

 
Roy Turner
Some Formal Properties of Therapy Talk
D.R. Watson
Doing the Organization's Work
An Examination of Aspects of the Operation of a Crisis Intervention Center

 
D. Lawrence Wieder
Telling the Code
 
PART SEVEN: STUDIES OF WORK IN THE PROFESSIONS AND SCIENCES
Michael Lynch
Discipline and the Material Form of Images
An Analysis of Scientific Visibility

 
Eric Livingstone
Cultures of Proving
Dusan I. Bjelic
Lebenswelt Structures of Galilean Physics: The Case of Galileo's Pendulum
Douglas Macbeth
Classroom "Floors"
Material Organizations as a Course of Affairs

 
Trent Eglin
Introduction to Hermeneutics of the Occult
Alchemy

 
Lucy A. Suchman
Representing Practice in Cognitive Science
Graham Button & Wes Sharrock
Project Work
The Organisation of Collaborative Design and Development in Software Engineering

 
Charles Goodwin
Seeing in Depth

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