You are here

Interactive Qualitative Analysis
Share

Interactive Qualitative Analysis
A Systems Method for Qualitative Research



April 2004 | 472 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
`Students in qualitative classes often have a difficult time grasping abstract concepts related to data collection, coding, and analysis. One benefit of [this book] is the systematic manner in which all of these take place. This text does a nice job of creating a system of checks and balances for the qualitative researcher' - Justin M Laird, SUNY Brockport

Aimed at helping students unscramble the mysteries of qualitative data collection, coding, and analysis, this book integrates and reconciles theory and methods by showing how to use a systematic, qualitative technique: interactive qualitative analysis.

 
Prologue: A True Story
 
Acknowledgments
 
1. Paradigm Wars: The Place of IQA
Particles and People : The Relationship of the Observer and the Observed  
The Paradox of Representation  
Paradigm Wars  
A Framework for Discourse  
More Than a Laundry List  
Revisiting Kuhn  
The Problem With Zealots  
Discourse and Dialectics  
Aristotelian Logic  
Aquinas and the Scholastics  
The Limitations of Logic  
A Dialectical Alternative  
The Ideology of IQA  
Beliefs and Values Redux  
Looking Back and Looking Forward  
 
2. Systems as Representations
In for a Dime, In for a Dollar  
Corvettes, Golden Means, and Fibonacci Numbers  
Reification, Reality, and Social Construction  
Understanding a System  
Research Questions and Systems  
What Is Research?  
Systems Topology  
Drivers and Outcomes  
Topological Zones  
Comparing the Two Models: Ritz Crackers and Coffee Cups  
Epistemological Acrobatics: Zooming In, Zooming Out, and Looping  
Making Sense of Systems: A Preview of Rationalization  
Rigor and the Nature of Qualitative Research  
IQA Systems  
 
3. IQA Research Flow
Bricolage or Petit Point?  
The Researcher's Footprint  
Overview of the IQA Research Flow  
Group Realities: IQA Focus Groups  
IQA Interviews  
IQA Results  
 
4. IQA Research Design: Thinking About the Problem
Where Do I Start?  
An Epistemological Dialectic  
Synthesis, Not Compromise  
Research Design as a System  
Touring the System: An Example  
Final Reflections  
Case Example  
 
5. Group Reality: System Elements
In Debt to TQM  
Affinities: The Building Blocks of Mindmaps  
Affinities and Variables: A Rough Analogy  
The Power of Naming: Constructing Affinities  
Designing the Focus Group  
Focus Group Facilitation: Preparing to Conduct a Focus Group Exercise  
Warm-Up Exercises: Some Variations  
Architecture and Warm-Ups: The Same Principles Apply  
Brainstorming the Rudiments of Meaning  
Facilitator's Role and Functions  
Clarification of Meaning  
Affinity Analysis: The Logic of Inductive and Axial Coding  
Back to the Focus Group  
Inductive Coding  
Axial Coding  
Affinity Descriptions  
Facilitation Guidelines: Flags for the Facilitator  
Systems and IQA Focus Group Protocols  
Case Example  
 
6. Group Reality: System Relationships
Theory of Theoretical Coding  
What Is Theoretical Coding?  
Issue 1: Level of Detail  
Issue 2: Organizing the Focus Group  
Issue 3: Creating a Group Composite  
Steps and Variations for Focus Group Theoretical Coding  
Design Considerations  
Focus Groups and Follow-Up Interviews  
Focus Group-Only Research  
Creating a Group Composite: The IRD  
Determining Drivers and Outcomes  
Focus Group System Influence Diagram  
Protocol for Drawing the SID and Removing Redundant Links  
Conclusion  
Case Example  
7. Individual Reality: The IQA Interview  
The Role of Interviews  
The Power of the Gods  
Data, Analysis, and IQA  
Structure and Purpose of the IQA Interview  
Procedure for Creating an Interview Protocol  
Preparing for the Interview  
Logistical and Operational Details  
Improvisation Within Structure  
Some More Tips for Interviewing  
Conclusion  
Case Example  
 
8. Individual Reality: System Relationships
Individual and Group Analytics  
Individual Interview Coding  
Combined Interview Coding  
 
9. Description
IQA Theory and Presentation Format  
The IQA Cookbook: A Detailed Outline for the "Typical IQA" Study  
Affinities and Researcher Engagement  
Turning the Write-Up Crank  
Case Example: Research Purpose  
Literature Review  
Case Example: Literature Review  
Methodology Documentation  
Describing the Results  
Case Example: Describing the Results  
Describing Relationships  
Case Example: Describing Relationships  
Feedback Loops, Zooming, and Naming  
Case Example: Feedback Loops, Zooming, and Naming  
Turn the Crank Again  
 
10. Interpretation
Representation and Interpretation  
Interpreting the Results  
Comparing Affinities  
Case Example: Compairing Affinities  
Comparing Composite Systems  
Case Example: Comparing Composite Systems  
Describing Individual Variations  
Case Example: Describing Individual Variations  
Applied Meaning: Forecasts and Interventions  
Same Issue, Different Constituencies  
Same Constituency, Different Issues: Metacomparisons  
Looking Back and Looking to the End  
 
11. Comparisons, Interpretations, and Theories: Some Examples
Overview  
Case I. Power and Gender: Two Different Worlds  
Case II. Body Image, Eating Disorders, and Media Messages  
Case III. Principals' Supervision Styles in High- and Low-Performing Schools  
Case IV. Education Entrepreneurs: Leaders and Followers  
Case V. Rural Community Visioning  
Case VI. The Graduate School Experience  
Case VII. Text Analysis  
 
Afterword
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Authors

"The authors take a ‘user friendly’ systematic approach to qualitative research, something that has long been missing in the field. I consider this to be a groundbreaking work, one that will hit home with students and faculty alike."

Justin M. Laird
SUNY Brockport

“This book does an excellent job of integrating design, methods, and analysis. . . . The real beauty of the book is that it overturns many of the age-old assumptions about how ‘good’ research should be done. . . . The authors’ pleasant and refreshing style, coupled with subtle irreverence for outmoded or constraining paradigms of inquiry, makes for highly enjoyable reading.”

Roger Rennekamp
University of Kentucky

Very comprehensive text, more suitable for postgrad students than UG ones. Good coverage of the paradigm wars, system relationships etc. Quite 'technical' in parts, but uses analogy to aid understanding.

I would recommend as essential, but it may be too detailed for some learners. It's very well written and suitable for learners who really want to get to grips with coding

Ms Vicky du-Caine
Centre for Educational Studies, Hull University
September 4, 2015

Good addition in a mixed method study environment.

Professor Carmen Winter
Technology - Comupter Science, Cooperative State University Baden-Wuerthemberg
June 30, 2015

Chose another book that was easier for students to understand.

Dr Christopher Weiler
Elementary Education Dept, Kutztown University
April 14, 2015

This book suits those who conduct qualitative research. The book firstly introduce the logic of paradigm and then frame the research philosophical stance. Moreover, the content of the book provides various examples with a thorough explanation. It also details the operational details for research designers.

Dr Chavi Chen
IESEG, School of Management, Catholic University of Lille
May 3, 2013

This book is very useful for researcher students, it simplify the methods of analysing qualitative data. I would highly recommend it for the starters in qualitative researches.

Dr Maryam Ba-Break
Nuffield Ctr for Int'l Health & Dev, Leeds University
July 31, 2012

A comprehensive book written to a high academic level. Will be of use to my stronger students.

Dr Liesl Conradie
Department of Social Work (Luton), Bedfordshire University
June 28, 2012

really this book is very good but not for the beginners in this field.
the most important part is interviewing and coding.

Dr George Kodsy
information technology, college applied science
February 22, 2012

Preview this book

For instructors

Purchasing options

Please select a format:

ISBN: 9780761928348
£62.00
ISBN: 9780761928331
£99.00

SAGE Research Methods is a research methods tool created to help researchers, faculty and students with their research projects. SAGE Research Methods links over 175,000 pages of SAGE’s renowned book, journal and reference content with truly advanced search and discovery tools. Researchers can explore methods concepts to help them design research projects, understand particular methods or identify a new method, conduct their research, and write up their findings. Since SAGE Research Methods focuses on methodology rather than disciplines, it can be used across the social sciences, health sciences, and more.

With SAGE Research Methods, researchers can explore their chosen method across the depth and breadth of content, expanding or refining their search as needed; read online, print, or email full-text content; utilize suggested related methods and links to related authors from SAGE Research Methods' robust library and unique features; and even share their own collections of content through Methods Lists. SAGE Research Methods contains content from over 720 books, dictionaries, encyclopedias, and handbooks, the entire “Little Green Book,” and "Little Blue Book” series, two Major Works collating a selection of journal articles, and specially commissioned videos.