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Introduction to Counseling

Introduction to Counseling
An Art and Science Perspective

Fifth Edition
Additional resources:

September 2015 | 672 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Introduction to Counseling provides an overview of counseling and the helping professions from the perspective of art and science—the science of counseling that generates a knowledge base proven to promote competency and efficacy in the practitioner, and the art of using this knowledge base to build skills that can be applied sensitively to clients in a multicultural society.   

The Fifth Edition has been organized into three sections: (1) an overview of counseling and the counseling process, (2) multicultural counseling and counseling theories, and (3) special approaches and settings. It continues to address key topics and issues, including gender, culture, and sexual orientation, and offers ways to integrate multiculturalism into all aspects of counseling, rather than view it as a separate entity. Highlighting emerging trends and changes in ethical codes, as well as reflecting the latest updates to the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM-5), the book successfully illustrates the importance of art and science to modern-day counseling.
Part I. An Overview of Counseling and the Counseling Process
Chapter 1: An Overview of Counseling
Welcome to the Field of Counseling

What Is Counseling?

Counseling: Past, Present, and Future

Chapter 2: Professional Preparation and Ethical and Legal Issues
Becoming a Professional Counselor

Ethical-Legal Issues

Chapter 3: The Counseling Process
The Art and Science of the Counseling Process

The Six Stages of the Counseling Process

Listening Skills

Recent Trends in the Counseling Process

Common Problems for Beginning Counselors

Diversity Issues

Chapter 4: Assessment and Diagnosis
The Art and Science of Assessment and Diagnosis

Assessment and Diagnosis



Chapter 5: Counseling Research and Evaluation
The Art and Science of Research and Evaluation

The Purpose of Research and Evaluation

Overview of the Types of Research

Part II. Developing a Personal Approach to Counseling from a Multicultural Perspective
Chapter 6: Developing a Personal Approach to Counseling from a Multicultural Perspective
The Art and Science of Developing a Personal Approach to Counseling from a Multicultural Perspective

Developing a Personal Approach to Counseling

An Eight-Stage Model for Developing a Personal Approach

Multicultural Counseling

Potential Challenges in Multicultural Counseling

Suggestions for Incorporating a Multicultural Perspective

Chapter 7: The Classic Theories of Freud, Adler, and Jung
The Art and Science of the Classic Theories

An Overview of Freud, Adler, and Jung

Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory

Adler’s Individual Psychology

Jung’s Analytic Psychology

The Classic Theories and Their Use in Contemporary Practice

Chapter 8: Experiential Theories and Approaches
The Art and Science of Experiential Counseling

Experiential Counseling

Experiential Theories

Person-Centered Therapy

Gestalt Therapy

Existential Therapy

Creative Arts Therapy

Research Trends in Experiential Counseling

Chapter 9: Cognitive–Behavioral Theories
The Art and Science of Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling

Cognitive–Behavioral Theories

Behavior Therapy

Rational–Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)

Cognitive Therapy

Transactional Analysis (TA)

Reality Therapy

Feminist Therapy

Special Issues in Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling

Part III. Special Approaches and Settings
Chapter 10: Marriage and Family Counseling
The Art and Science of Marriage and Family Counseling

Evolution of Marriage and Family Counseling

Professional Issues and Organizations

Theoretical Foundations

Marriage Counseling

Family Counseling

Chapter 11: Child and Adolescent Counseling
The Art and Science of Child and Adolescent Counseling

Children and Adolescents from a Historical Perspective

Developmental Theories

Treatment Issues

Special Problems of Children and Adolescents

Diversity and Postmodern Issues in Child and Adolescent Counseling

Chapter 12: Group Counseling
The Art and Science of Group Counseling

Group Counseling

Group Counseling from a Historical Perspective

Comparison to Individual and Family Counseling

Problem Solving and Group Process

Group Size, Composition, and Duration

Use of Coleaders

Pregroup Screening and Orientation

Stages in Group Counseling

Brief-Solution-Focused Group Counseling

Dealing with Disruptive Group Members

Common Mistakes of Group Leaders

Qualities of Effective Group Leaders

Diversity Issues

Chapter 13: Career Counseling
The Art and Science of Career Counseling

Evolution of Career Counseling

Theoretical Foundations

Treatment Issues

Special Issues

Diversity Issues in Career Counseling

Chapter 14: School Counseling
The Art and Science of School Counseling

A Comprehensive Developmental Model for School Counseling

Role and Function of School Counselors

Special Skills and Problems

Trends in School Counseling

Chapter 15: Mental Health Counseling
The Art and Science of Mental Health Counseling

Professional Issues

The Role and Function of Mental Health Counselors

Categories of Mental Health Services

Strategies for Suicidal Clients

Substance Abuse Counseling

Gerontological Counseling

Trends and Perspectives



Instructor Teaching Site

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • A Respondus electronic test bank is available and can be used on PCs. The test bank contains multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter and provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding. Respondus is also compatible with many popular learning management systems so you can easily get your test questions into your online course.
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • An author-created Instructor's Manual provides teaching resources by chapter, including chapter summaries, key concepts, learning objectives, lecture organization, discussion questions, and class activities.
Student Study Site

The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

  • Chapter summaries with learning objectives reinforce the most important material.
  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards reinforce understanding of key terms and concepts that have been outlined in the chapters.
  • Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.

I appreciate the organizational approach to the information. I use the personal exploration questions as reading assignments,due each Friday. Students really appreciate chapter 8 - Creative Arts Therapies!

Dr Karen Linstrum
Behavioral Sciences Dept, East Texas Baptist University
October 13, 2017
Key features


  • Updated information on ethical codes and how they relate to clinical issues associated with informed consent, confidentiality, dual relationships, and client welfare.
  • Detailed description of the DSM-5 that includes comprehensive information on how it is used to diagnose mental disorders. Topics covered include: how the DSM-5 is different and similar to the DSM-IV-TR; controversies regarding the DSM-5; definition of mental disorders, neuroscience considerations in diagnosis; and multicultural issues in diagnosis.
  • More than 200 new references to address changes to the counseling profession and emerging trends such as multicultural issues relating to sexual orientation and social justice, cybercounseling, professional identity of counselors, positive psychology, wellness perspective, mindfulness-based approaches, neuroscience in counseling, and self-care for practitioners.
  • Glossary of terms was added for all chapters.
  • Updated and expanded Personal Notes provide candid remarks and insights based on over 45 years of clinical experience.

The Fifth edition utilized over 200 new references to address changes to the counseling profession and emerging trends. Some of the emerging trends included were: counseling and neuroscience, professional identity of counselors, wellness and positive psychology, evidenced based-empirically supported treatment modalities, mindfulness-based approaches, cybercounseling and other assisted-technologies in counseling, self-care for counselors, and multicultural issues relating to social justice and sexual orientation.


Two issues received special attention for the 5th edition: changes to the codes of ethics and professional conduct, and the 5th edition of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).


Changes to Codes of Ethics and Professional Conduct

The American Counseling Association code of ethics 2014 and the American Psychological Association code of conduct 2010 were updated throughout the book to provide information regarding: client welfare, informed consent, confidentiality, and dual relations. Other ethical codes updated throughout the book included: the American School Counseling Association ethical standards for school counselors, American Mental Health Counselors Association, and the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy.


The DSM-5

Updated information provided on the DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association, 2013) included:

·         History of the DSM

·         Definition of mental disorders

·         Neuroscience issues in diagnosis

·         Elements of a diagnosis

·         Multicultural considerations in diagnosis

·         Categorical versus dimensional approaches to DSM-5 diagnosis

·         Personal note regarding categorical and dimensional diagnosis

·         New table differentiating categorical and dimensional diagnosis

·         Controversies regarding the DSM-5 (e.g., over-diagnosing, concerns regarding changes to diagnostic criteria for some disorders, and disorders that were added and deleted).

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 15

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ISBN: 9781483316611

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