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Journal of Stroke Medicine

Journal of Stroke Medicine

Published in Association with Indian Stroke Association
Other Titles in:
Clinical Medicine | Neurology | Stroke

eISSN: 25166093 | ISSN: 25166085 | Current volume: 3 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Bi-annually
Journal of Stroke Medicine is the official publication of Indian Stroke Association. The scope of the journal is to publish peer-reviewed high-quality research in the field of Stroke Medicine which will include stroke care services, treatment, prevention, pathogenesis, basic sciences, rehabilitation, clinical trials, nursing, epidemiology, surgical treatment and social implications. The journal will strive to strike a balance between cutting edge stroke research and also practice of stroke medicine across the globe with special emphasis on low and middle income countries.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Journal of Stroke Medicine is the official publication of Indian Stroke Association. The scope of the journal is to publish peer-reviewed high-quality research in the field of Stroke Medicine which will include stroke care services, treatment, prevention, pathogenesis, basic sciences, rehabilitation, clinical trials, nursing, epidemiology, surgical treatment and social implications. The journal will strive to strike a balance between cutting edge stroke research and also practice of stroke medicine across the globe with special emphasis on low and middle income countries.

Jeyaraj Durai Pandian Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
G Arjundas MGR Medical University and Indian Stroke Association, Chennai, India
P M Dalal Past President, Indian Stroke Association, Mumbai
Associate Editors
P N Sylaja Department of Neurology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST), Kerala, India
Deepak Arjundas Vijaya Group of Hospitals and Mercury Hospital, Chennai, India
Dheeraj Khurana Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
Sunil K Narayan Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry and Stroke Subsection (Indian Academy of Neurology), Pondicherry
Vinit Suri Institute of Neurosciences, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
Ashok Uppal Stroke Foundation, Amritsar and Uppal Neuro Hospital, Amritsar
Anand Alurkar K.E.M Hospital, Pune, India
V G Pradeep India
Rohit Bhatia Neuroscience’s Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
M V Padma Neuroscience’s Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Kameshwar Prasad Neuroscience’s Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Assistant Editors
Subhash Kaul Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, Telengana
Shirish M Hastak Wockhardt Group of Hospitals
Man Mohan Mehndiratta Govind Ballabh Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research-GIPMER (Delhi University), New Delhi
M R Sivakumar GLB Hospitals, Chennai
D Nagaraja NIMHANS, Bangalore
Sanjith Aaron India
Mahesh P Kate Christian Medical College, Ludhiana and India Alliance (the Wellcome Trust/DBT, India), Punjab, India
National Members
Jayanta Roy University of Calgary, Canada and AMRI Hospitals, Mukundapur, India
S P Gorthi Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Manipal, India
Arvind Sharma Zydus Hospital, Ahmedabad and BJ Medical College and Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
Anand Vaishnav Vadodara Stroke Center, Vadodara Institute of Neurological Sciences
Kumravelu Ramesh Hospitals, GUNTUR, Andhra Pradesh, India
P Vijaya Lalitha Superspecialities Hospital, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
Vivek Nambiar Amrita institute of Medical Sciences, Ponekkara, Kochi, Kerala, India
Gigi Kurutukkulam Rajagiri Hospital, Kochi, Kerala
Vikram Huded Mazumdar Shaw Medical Centre, Bommasandra, Narayana Health, Bangalore, India
Vipul Gupta Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
Rajsrinivas Parthasarathy Artemis Agrim Institute of Neuroscience, Gurgaon, India
Yogeshwar V Kalkonde SEARCH Gadchiroli, Maharashtra, India
International Members
Stephen Davis The Royal Melbourne Hospital, University of Melbourne, Australia
Geoffrey A Donnan The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Australia and The University of Melbourne, Australia
Craig Anderson Faculty of Medicine, UNSW Sydney, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney Australia and The George Institute for Global Health at Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, P.R. China
Bernard Yan Melbourne Brain Centre at Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia and University of Melbourne, Australia
Amanda Thrift Monash Medical Centre, Australia
Bruce Campbell Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia
Richard Lindley Westmead Clinical School, Australia; The George Institute for Global Health, Blacktown Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Valery Feigin AUT University, New Zealand and University of Washington, Unites States
Velandai Srikanth Monash University, Australia
Rita Krishnamurthi Auckland University for Technology, Auckland, New Zealand
Bo Norrving Lund University, Sweden
Markku Kaste University of Helsinki, Finland and Helsinki University Hospital, Finland
Michael Brainin Danube-University Krems, Austria
Werner Hacke University of Heidelberg, Germany
Valeria Caso University of Perugia Stroke Unit, Italy
Thorsten Steiner Klinikum Frankfurt Höchst, Frankfurt and Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
Patrik Michel Centre Hospital Universitaire, Lausanne, Switzerland
Gary Ford Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK and University of Oxford, UK
Peter Langhorne Universty of Glasgow, UK
Andrew Demchuk University of Calgary, Canada
Michael D Hill University of Calgary, Canada and Health Science Centre, Canada
Mayank Goyal University of Calgary, Canada and Calgary Stroke Program, Canada
Patricia Lindsay Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, Canada
Pooja Khatri University of Cincinnati, USA
Joseph Broderick UC Neuroscience Institute, Cincinnati, USA
Aneesh Singhal Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA and Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
Seemant Chaturvedi University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, USA
Shyam Prabhakaran Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, USA
Vineeta Singh San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, USA and University of California, San Francisco, USA
Gregory Roth University of Washington, USA and Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, USA
Bruce Obviagle Medical University of South Carolina, USA
Liping Liu Capital Medical University, China
Ming West China Hospital, Sichuan University, China
Lawrence Wong The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Vincent Mok The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong and Therese Pei Fong Chow Research Centre for Prevention of Dementia, Hong Kong
Nijasri C Suwanwela Chulalongkorn University, Thailand and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand
Mohammed Wasay, MD Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
Yohanna Kusuma National Brain Centre, Jakarta, Indonesia
Mursyid Bustami National Brain Centre, Jakarta, Indonesia
Jose C Navarro University of Santo Tomas Hospital, Philippines, Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center, Philippines and St Luke’s Medical Center, Manila, Philippines
Jong S. Kim University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Tsong-Hai Lee Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan
Thang Huy Nguyen Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine, HCM city, Vietnam and The People’s 115 hospital, Vietnam
N Venketasubramanian Ramani Raffles Hospital, Singapore and National University of Singapore, Singapore
Shinichiro Uchiyama International University of Health and Welfare, Japan and Sanno Hospital and Sanno Medical Center, Japan
Udaya Ranawaka University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
Padma Gunaratne The National Hospital of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Mayowa Ojo Owolabi University of Ibadan, Ibadan and Blossom Neurorehabilitation Center, Ibadan, Nigeria
Rufus Olusola Akinyemi University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria and University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
Gisele S Silva Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil
Pablos Lavados Clínica Alemana Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile and Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Foad Abdallah Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Ashfaq Shuaib Hamad Medical Corporation, UAE
  • J-Gate
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Journal of Stroke Medicine

    This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s peer-review and submission system [] to create account/log in to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Journal of Stroke Medicine will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
    2.7 Data

    3. Publishing polices

    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplementary material
    4.4 Reference style
    4.5 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 ORCID
    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    5.3 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Journal of Stroke Medicine, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article types

    1. Original Articles (3500 words, abstract 250 words, references 25–30)
    2. Review Articles (4500 words, 80–100 references, abstract 250 words)
    3. Short Reports (1500 words, ~10 references, abstract 250 words)

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Journal of Stroke Medicine adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. Approved the version to be published,
    4. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.3.1 Third party submissions

    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    • Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
    • Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
    • Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.3.2 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    Journal of Stroke Medicine requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Journal of Stroke Medicine to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    2.7 Data

    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    Journal of Stroke Medicine requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles [“alongside their article submissions” or “if the articles are accepted”] to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. [The editor(s) may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data.] The editor(s) [can/will] also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office at [email address].

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Journal of Stroke Medicine and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement         

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Journal of Stroke Medicine offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission                                       

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

    4.4 Reference style

    Journal of Stroke Medicine adheres to the AMA reference style. Please review the guidelines on AMA to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the AMA output file here.

    IMPORTANT NOTE: To encourage a faster production process of your article, you are requested to closely adhere to the AMA reference style. Otherwise, it will entail a long process of solving copyeditor’s queries and may directly affect the publication time of your article. In case of any questions, please contact the journal editor at

    Several points to keep in mind:

    • For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation.
    • Cite references in consecutive order using superscript Arabic numbers. Use commas to separate multiple citation numbers in text. Corresponding references should be listed in numeric order at the end of the document. Unpublished works and personal communications (oral, written, and electronic) should be cited parenthetically (and not on the reference list). For eg., As reported previously, 1,3-8,19
    • Page numbers are required for direct quotations.
    • Do not use “et al.” in the Reference list at the end; names of all authors of a publication should be listed there.
    • Appendices should be lettered to distinguish from numbered tables and figures. Include a descriptive title for each appendix (e.g., “Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions”). Cross-check text for accuracy against appendices.
    • Avoid using abbreviations in the title and subtitle, unless space considerations require an exception or unless the title or subtitle includes the name of a group that is best known by its acronym. In both cases the abbreviation should be expanded in the abstract and at first appearance in the text.
    • Footnotes should be avoided in text, but are allowed on the title page. They are placed in the following order: author affiliations, death of an author, information about members of a group, corresponding author contact information.

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Journal of Stroke Medicine is hosted on SAGE Track SAGE, a web based online submission and peer review system.
    Visit to login/create account and submit your article online.

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    6. On acceptance and publication  

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Journal of Stroke Medicine editorial office as follows:

    Indian Stroke Association
    36 Pantheon Road, Egmore, Chennai
    Tamilnadu  600008
    Tel.: +91-44-2858 5024, 2855 3434

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