The American Journal of Medical Quality (AJMQ) is focused on keeping readers informed of the resources, processes, and perspectives contributing to quality health care services. This peer-reviewed journal presents a forum for the exchange of ideas, strategies, and methods in improving the delivery and management of health care.
The American Journal of Medical Quality is focused on keeping readers informed of the resources, processes, and perspectives contributing to health care services. This peer-reviewed journal presents a forum for the exchange of ideas, strategies, and methods in the delivery and management of health care.
|David J. Jones, MD, MPH||Harrisburg, PA|
|Mary Reich Cooper, MD, JD||Jefferson College of Population Health, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Albert Crawford||Jefferson College of Population Health, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Mark Keroack, MD, MPH||Baystate Health System, Springfield, MA, USA|
|Vittorio Maio, PharmD, MS||Jefferson College of Population Health, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Steven Meurer, PhD, MBA, MHS||University HealthSystem Consortium, Chicago, IL, USA|
|Alexis Skoufalos, EdD||Jefferson College of Population Health, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|James T. Ziegenfuss, Jr, PhD||Pennsylvania State University, Middletown, PA|
|Deborah C. Meiris||Jefferson College of Population Health, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Susan A. Abookire, MD, MPH, FACP, BSEE, CPHIMS||Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA|
|Daniel Aronzon, MD, FAAP||West Park, NY, USA|
|Richard Bankowitz, MD, MBA, FACP||Washington, DC, USA|
|Paul Barach, MD, MPH||Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, USA|
|Anthony Barbato, MD||Witt/Kieffer, Oak Brook, IL, USA|
|Andrea L. Benin, MD||Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT, USA|
|Evan M. Benjamin, MD, FACP||Ariadne Labs, Boston, MA, USA|
|Rohit Bhalla, MD, MPH||Stamford Hospital, Stamford, CT, USA|
|Thomas Biancaniello, MD||Columbia University Medical Center, Nesconset, NY, USA|
|Charles C. Canver, MD, MBA, CPE, FACHE||Lake Regional Health System, Osage Beach, FL, USA|
|Donald E. Casey, Jr., MD, MPH, MBA||MEDecision, Inc, Dallas, TX, USA|
|Karen Chase, MS, BSN, CCDS||New York, NY, USA|
|Carolyn Clancy, MD||Health for Quality, Safety, and Value, Veterans Health Administration, Washington DC, USA|
|Marie Cleary-Fishman, BSN, MS, MBA||Health Research and Education Trust, Chicago, IL, USA|
|Jeffery Cohn, MD||Common Practice, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Nancy Davis, PhD||University of Kansas School of Medicine, KS, USA|
|Thomas W. Diller||Blue Cross Blue Shield of Louisiana, Baton Rouge, LA|
|Joseph Drozda, MD, FACC||Mercy Health Research, St. Louis, MO, USA|
|Samer Ellahham, MD||Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA|
|Adam S. Evans, MD, MBA||Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, USA|
|John Ferry, MD, MBA||Korn/Ferry International, Boston, MA, USA|
|Donald E. Fetterolf||MiMedx Group, Inc., Oakdale, PA, USA|
|Peter M. Fleischut, MD||New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA|
|Tejal K. Gandhi, MD, MPH||Institute for Healthcare Improvement/National Patient Safety Foundation, Boston, MA, USA|
|James Gill, MD, MPH||Delaware Valley Outcomes Research, Newark, DE, USA|
|Terry Ann Glauser, MD, MPH||Exton, PA|
|Neil I. Goldfarb||Greater Philadelphia Business Coalition on Health, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Norbert Goldfield, MD||Healing Across the Divides, Inc. Northampton, MA, USA|
|Jenna Goldstein, MA||The Center for Quality Improvement, Society of Hospital Medicine, Philadelphia, PA|
|Kathleen J. Goonan, MD||Goonnan Performance Strategies, LLC, Boylston, MA, USA|
|Rohit Gulati, MD, FACP, MBA, FACHE||Einstein Healthcare Network, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Mark Hackman, MD||Mount Carmel Health System, Columbus, OH, USA|
|Nathan R. Handley, MD, MBA||Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Christopher S. Hollenbeak, PhD||Penn State College of Medicine, USA|
|Keith Horvath, MD||American Association of Medical Colleges, Washington, DC|
|Mark Hurwitz, MD||Thomas Jefferson University and Hospitals, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Eric V. Jackson, Jr, MD||Masimo, Inc., Irvine, CA|
|Ted A. James, MD, MS, FACS||Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA|
|John Kimberly, PhD||University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Stephen Lawless, MD||Nemours, Wilmington, DE, USA|
|M. Penny Levin, PhD|
|David G. Lindquist, MD||Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI, USA|
|Mary Lou Manning, PhD, CRNP, CIC||Jefferson College of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA|
|Andrew Masica, MD, MSc||Institute for Health Care Research and Improvement, Dallas, TX, USA|
|David E. McNamara, MD||Meadville, PA, USA|
|James Merlino, MD, FACS, FASCRS||Press Ganey, USA|
|Michael Millenson||Northwestern University, Highland Park, IL, USA|
|Ira S. Nash, MD||Northwell Health, Manhasset, NY, USA|
|Andrew J. Norton, MD||Main Line Health, Bryn Mawr Hospital, Bryn Mawr, PA, USA|
|Willie H. Oglesby, PhD, MBA, MSPH, FACHE||Jefferson College of Population Health, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|James E. Orlikoff, MA||Orlikoff & Associates, Inc., Chicago, IL, USA|
|Arthur Pelberg, MD, MPA||Phoenix, AZ, USA|
|James F. Pelegano, MD, MS||Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA|
|Robert F. Pendrak, MD, MS, ARM, DFASHRM||Harrisburg, PA|
|Monika Pogorzelska-Maziarz, PhD, MPH||Jefferson College of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA|
|Rhea E. Powell, MD, MPH||Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Roy Proujansky, MD||AI Dupont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE, USA|
|Scott Ransom, DO, MBA, MPH||McKinsey & Company, Inc., Dallas, TX, USA|
|David Reiter, MD, MBA, FACS||Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Jeffrey Rice, MD, JD||The Healthcare Blue Book, Brentwood, TN, USA|
|Lee Ann Riesenberg, PhD, RN||The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA|
|Jeffrey Riggio, MD||Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Alex Rodriguez, MD||Bay Pines VA Hospital, Seminole, FL, USA|
|Bernard M. Rosof, MD, MACP||Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Hempstead, NY, USA|
|Marc B. Royo, MD, MBA||Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Vivek A. Saoji, MS||KLE University, JNMC Campus, Karnataka, India|
|Harm Scherpbier, MD||Jefferson College of Population Health, PA, USA|
|Stephen C. Schoenbaum, MD, MPH||Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, New York, NY, USA|
|Sharon B. Schweikhart, PhD||The Ohio State University, School of Public Health, Columbus, OH, USA|
|Margrit M. Shoemaker, MD, FACP||Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA|
|Stanton N. Smullens, MD||Pennsylvania Patient Safety Authority, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Rachel Sorokin, MD||Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Nelson Teich, MD, MBA||MedInsight - Decisions in Health Care, Rio de Janiero, Brazil|
|Anjala Tess, MD||Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA|
|George Valko||Sidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Prathibha Varkey, MBBS, MPH, MHPE||Stratford, CT|
|Lawrence Ward, MD, MPH, FACP||Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Mark B. Wenneker, MD, MPH||The Chartis Group, Newtonville, MA, USA|
|Dan M. Westphal, MD, MBA, CHQ||Memorial Hospital Pembroke, Pembroke Pines, FL, USA|
|Flossie Wolf, MS||PA Health Care Cost Containment Council, Harrisburg, PA, USA|
|Sang Hoon Woo, MD||Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA|
|Gary R. Yates, MD||Healthcare Performance Improvement, LLC, Virginia Beach, VA, USA|
|Eyal Zimlichman, MD, MSc||Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hshomer, Israel|
|President: Donald Casey Jr, MD, MPH, MBA, DFACMQ, FACP, FAHA||Dallas, TX|
|Vice President: John Vigorita, MD, MHA, DFACMQ||Summit, NJ, USA|
|Treasurer/Alternative AMA Delegate: Beverly Collins, MD, MBA, DFACMQ||East New Market, MD|
|Secretary: Paul Nagy, PhD, FSIIM||Ellicott City, MD|
|Immediate Past President: Mark Lyles, MD, MBA, FACMQ||Charleston, SC, USA|
Instructions for Authors
The American Journal of Medical Quality is the official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality. The journal publishes original work in the entire field of quality measurement and improvement. Manuscripts submitted to AJMQ should meet the following criteria: the material is original, the writing is clear, the study methods are appropriate, the data are valid, the conclusions are reasonable and supported by the data, the information is important, and the topic has general medical quality interest. We will assess a paper’s eligibility for publication based on these basic criteria.
AJMQ operates a conventional single-blind reviewing policy in which the reviewer’s name is always unknown to the submitting author.
Manuscripts must be submitted electronically at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ajmq, where authors will be required to set up an online account in the SAGETRACK system powered by ScholarOne. Average time from submission to first decision: 28 days.
Questions about manuscript submission can be addressed to Deborah Meiris, Managing Editor, American Journal of Medical Quality, Tel: (215) 955-0745; Fax: (215) 923-7583; E-mail: Deborah.email@example.com.
Manuscripts are considered with the understanding that they have not been published previously in print or electronic format, and are not under consideration by another publication or electronic medium, except in the form of an abstract of not more than 400 words. Prior abstract presentations should be described in a footnote to the title. Submissions should be accompanied by a letter requesting evaluation for publication.
RESEARCH ETHICS AND INFORMED CONSENT
Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.
Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.
For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.
Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:
(i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
(ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
(iii) Approved the version to be published.
Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.
Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.
As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.
The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.
PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPT
Manuscripts should be submitted Word format (in AMA style); double spaced with ample margins on all sides.
These are the word count limitations for manuscripts, effective October 1, 2009: Original manuscript—3500 words, excluding abstract, tables/figures, and references. It may include up to 5 tables or figures (total), and up to 40 references. Commentary, Perspective, or Editorial—1300 words or 1000 words with 1 small table or figure, excluding references. A maximum of 10 references.
The title page should include the authors’ names and affiliations, the source of a work or study (if any), and a running title of approximately 45 characters. We require the full mailing address and contact information (telephone, fax, e-mail address, and alternate address) for the corresponding author listed on your article. This information should appear on the title page or on a separate sheet. Include full names and e-mail addresses for all co-authors.
AJMQ requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. It is the policy of AJMQ to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.
For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.
Failure to include this information will delay the review process. Each author's disclosure will be published. Additionally, a Conflict of Interest and Financial Disclosure Form, completed by all authors, must be submitted along with the manuscript. The form is available from the managing editor at Deborah.firstname.lastname@example.org.
The third page should consist of an abstract of not more than 150 words, which should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. Reference citations are not permitted in the abstract of a paper. Number pages consecutively. At the end of the paper, give the name and address of the individual to whom reprint requests should be directed.
How to get help with the quality of the English in your submission:
Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.
TABLES AND FIGURES
Each table or figure should appear on a separate page and be placed at the end of the document, following the text and references. Use Arabic numerals to number tables. Each table must stand alone (ie, contain all necessary information in the caption), and the table itself must be understood independently of the text. Details of experimental conditions should be included in table footnotes. Information that appears in the text should not be repeated in tables, and tables should not contain data that can be given in the text in one or two sentences. The text of the tables should be editable; that is, the tables should not be saved as images that cannot be altered or edited.
Position of figures and tables in the text should be indicated in the manuscript and cited in order in the text.
Contact the managing editor for artwork submission guidelines or visit resources for journal editors/authors at www.sagepub.com for additional help.
References must be double spaced, in AMA style, and numbered consecutively as they are cited in the text (using superscript numbers). References appearing for the first time in tables and figures must be numbered in sequence with those cited in the text where the table or figure is mentioned. Use journal abbreviations as provided by the IndexMedicus, National Library of Medicine. List all authors when there are six or less. When there are more than six authors, list the first three, followed by et al. If references to personal communications or unpublished data are used, they are not to be included in the list of references. Refer to them in the text in parentheses (C.O. Tucker, personal communication). Among the references, include papers accepted but not yet published; designate the journal, and add “In Press.”
SAMPLE REFERENCES ARE:
Sahai AV, Pineault R. An assessment of the use of costs and quality of life as outcomes in endoscopic research. Gastrointest Endosc. 1997;46:113-118.
Pritchard JA, MacDonald PC, Grant NF. Williams obstetrics, 17th edition. Norwalk, CT: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1985:457.
Acknowledgements should appear on a separate page following the manuscript.
The author must obtain permission to reproduce figures, tables, and text from previously published material. Please see resources for journal editors/authors at www.sagepub.com for more details. Written permission must be obtained from the original copyright holder (generally the publisher, not the author or editor) of the journal or book concerned. An appropriate credit line should be included in the reference list. Written permission must be obtained from the author of any unpublished material cited from other laboratories, and should accompany the manuscript.
Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if it is accepted for publication, copyright of the article, including the right to reproduce the article in all forms and media, shall be assigned exclusively to the American College of Medical Quality.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Letters discussing a recent AJMQ article are welcome and must be received within 6 weeks of the article’s publication. All letters are to be typewritten and not exceed 500 words, excluding references.