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The Journal of Vascular Diseases

eISSN: 19401574 | ISSN: 00033197 | Current volume: 75 | Current issue: 5 Frequency: 10 Times/Year

A presentation of original, peer-reviewed original articles, review and case reports relative to all phases of all vascular diseases, Angiology offers more than a typical cardiology journal. With approximately 1000 pages per year covering diagnostic methods, therapeutic approaches, and clinical and laboratory research, Angiology is among the most informative publications in the field of peripheral vascular and cardiovascular diseases. The journal also publishes special issues and supplements relating to specific topics of current interest to surgeons and internists.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

A presentation of original, peer-reviewed articles, reviews, letters and case reports relative to all phases of all vascular diseases, Angiology offers more than a typical cardiology journal. With approximately 1,000 pages per year covering diagnostic methods, therapeutic approaches, and clinical and laboratory research, Angiology is among the most informative publications in the field of peripheral vascular and cardiovascular diseases. The journal also publishes special issues and supplements relating to specific topics of current interest to surgeons and internists.

Editor in Chief
Dimitri P. Mikhailidis London, England, UK
Ashok Handa Oxford, UK
Debabrata Mukherjee, MD, FACC, FAHA, FSCAI El Paso, TX, USA
Gerard Stansby Newcastle, UK
Yu-Jie Zhou Beijing, China
Associate Editors
Leslie T. Cooper, Jr Rochester, MN, USA
William E. Evans Columbus, OH, USA
Bengt Fagrell Stockholm, Sweden
Thomas D. Giles New Orleans, LA, USA
Peter Gloviczki Rochester, MN, USA
David R. Jackson Northampton, MA, USA
Niki Katsiki Thessaloniki, Greece
Andrew N. Nicolaides London, England, UK
Kosmas I. Paraskevas Athens, Greece
Thom Rooke Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
Basil M. RuDusky Wilkes-Barre, PA, USA
Michael J. Zema Patchogue, NY, USA
Editorial Board
Martin A. Alpert St. Louis, MO, USA
Brian H. Annex Durham, NC, USA
Maciej Banach Lodz, Poland
Gianni Belcaro Pescara, Italy
Maurice Benhamou Paris, France
Cheryl Bongiovanni Lakeview, OR, USA
Michele Cazaubon Paris, France
Osmar Antonio Centurión Asunción, Paraguay
Jack P. Chen Atlanta, GA, USA
Francis Chucker Washington, DC, USA
Denis L. Clement Gent, Belgium
Jean Coget Lille, France
Sasson Cohen Ramat-Aviv, Israel
Dennis V. Cokkinos Athens, Greece
Mario Condorelli Naples, Italy
John Cooke Palo Alto, CA, USA
Edward M. Cordasco Solon, OH, USA
Styliani S. Daskalopoulou Quebec, Canada
Giuseppe Dattilo Messina, Italy
Salvatore De Luca Boston, MA, USA
Luis Aires De Sousa Lisbon, Portugal
Stephen Demeter Akron, OH, USA
Tullio Di Perri Siena, Italy
Robert Dieter Maywood, IL, USA
Richard S. Dillon Bryn Mawr, PA, USA
Edzard Ernst Exeter, England, UK
Gordon Folger Boston, MA, USA
Stanley S. Franklin Los Angeles, CA, USA
Robert A. Gerisch Detroit, MI, USA
Joseph A. Golish Cleveland, OH, USA
Leonard Gutnik Sioux Falls, SD, USA
Sylvia Haas Munich, Germany
Albert F. Heck Baltimore, MD, USA
Hitoshi Hirose Philadelphia, PA, USA
Robert E. Hobbs Cleveland, OH, USA
Ulrich Hoffmann Munich, Germany
Russell D. Hull Alberta, Canada
Hamid Ikram Christchurch, New Zealand
Michael R. Jaff Brookside, NJ, USA
Robert B. Kalmansohn Los Angeles, CA, USA
Alain Larcan Nancy, France
Ching-Shen Lin New York, NY, USA
Elmo Mannarino Perugia, Italy
Jan Michiels Rotterdam, Netherlands
J. Mironneau Bordeaux, France
Amir Motarjeme Downers Grove, IL, USA
Richard Neches Bronx, NY, USA
Lars Norgren Lund, Sweden
James O'Donnell Cleveland, OH, USA
Andre J. Ognibene San Antonio, TX, USA
Nikolas Papanas Alexandroupolis, Greece
Alain Paul Pecking St. Cloud, France
Judith G. Regensteiner Denver, CO, USA
Robert Reneman Maastricht, Netherlands
Manfredi Rizzo Palermo, Italy
Stanley Rockson Stanford, CA, USA
Edward Ross Indianapolis, IN, USA
Israel Rubinstein Chicago, IL, USA
Michel Safar Paris, France
Deborah Shure St. Louis, MO, USA
Alain Simon Paris, France
Thomas A. Sos New York, NY, USA
D.G. Spigos Columbus, OH, USA
Joel Steinberg Philadelphia, PA, USA
Gerald Timmis Royal Oak, MI, USA
On Topaz Richmond, VA, USA
Martin G. Veller Parktown West, South Africa
Tony J. Verbeuren Suresnes, France
Herman Verhaegen Merksem, Belgium
Bernard Waeber Lausanne, Switzerland
Jean-Luc Wautier Paris, France
Donald Wellens Beerse, Belgium
David Winsor Los Angeles, CA, USA
Mohammed Zahir Brooklyn, NY, USA
Luca Zanoli Catania, Italy
Aeilko H. Zwinderman Leiden, Netherlands
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  • This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Sage Publishing disseminates high-quality research and engaged scholarship globally, and we are committed to diversity and inclusion in publishing. We encourage submissions from a diverse range of authors from across all countries and backgrounds.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Angiology will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal. Open Access options are available - see section 3.3 below.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that Angiology may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's author archiving policy.

    If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.

    If you have any questions about publishing with Sage, please visit the Sage Journal Solutions Portal

    1. What do we publish?
    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies
    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
    2.7 Clinical trials
    2.8 Reporting guidelines
    2.9 Research Data

    3. Publishing polices
    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript
    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplemental material
    4.4 Reference style
    4.4 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript
    5.1 ORCID
    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    5.3 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication
    6.1 Sage Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information


    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    Before submitting your manuscript to Angiology, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article types
    Authors are encouraged to submit review/original manuscripts that are not under consideration for publication elsewhere to the Journal for review. All manuscripts are subject to peer review to determine originality, validity, significance, and scientific value of the submitted material. Submitted manuscripts are peer reviewed by members of the Editorial Board or other experts chosen by the Editor. The Editor is responsible for final editing, decisions regarding acceptance, rejection, and revisions. Submission of a manuscript to the Journal is taken as evidence that no portion of the text or figures has been copyrighted, published, or submitted for publication elsewhere, unless information regarding previous publication is cited and permission obtained. A copy of any such permissions obtained must accompany the manuscript. Upon acceptance of an article, the author(s) will be required to assign the copyright to the Publisher.

    Manuscript Preparation. Manuscripts should be double-spaced with one-inch margins. Headings must be used to designate the major divisions of the paper. Pages should be numbered consecutively at the top of the manuscript. The surname of each author should appear in the upper left corner of each page, followed by a brief running title.

    Title Page. Page 1 should include the title followed by the names and degrees of all authors as they will appear in print. This will be followed by a listing of the authors’ institutional affiliations. The title page should also include the name, address, telephone number, e-mail, and fax number of the corresponding author, and e-mail addresses for all co-authors. The author should cite if the paper was presented orally at a professional meeting, including the name of the meeting, date, and place. Credits and grant information supporting the research should also be listed if this study was supported by an agency.

    Abstract. The abstract should appear at the beginning of the manuscript and should be no longer than 200 words in length. It should summarize the main points of the paper and be descriptive, narrative, and informative.

    Tables. Tables should be double-spaced on pages separate from the text. Number tables consecutively with text and provide a table number and title for each. Hold length to one standard-sized manuscript page if possible. If a table continues past one page, repeat all heads and stub (left-hand) column. Tables should be numbered in order of citation in the text. Do not use photocopy reduction. Data in tables should not duplicate material in the text or illustrations. It is suggested to have no more than 3 tables and 5 figures.

    Artwork. Figure files must be submitted as separate files and are not to be embedded within the text file. Please use the following specifications for
    electronic figures:

        • Authors are encouraged to use Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop to create graphics.
        • Do not use Powerpoint or CorelDRAW. They print poorly on high-density printers. JPEG and TIFF files are preferred.
        • The resolution for print must be at least 300 CPI. Low-resolution graphics cannot be published.

    Associated Costs for Authors
    The charge for publishing color figures is $800 for the first figure and $200 for each additional figure

    Letters to the Editor. Letters can be up to 450 words and 20 references. Letters should be related to articles published in the journal, although rare exceptions to that rule can be considered. Letters submitted more than 2 months after publication of an original article with pagination will only rarely be considered. A Declaration of Interests is mandatory.

    Editorials. Editorials can be up to 1,200 words and 15 references; however, the Editor may be flexible regarding these limits.

    1.3 Writing your paper
    The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Angiology operates a conventional single-anonymize reviewing policy in which the reviewer’s name is always concealed from the submitting author.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of 2 peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

        • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
        • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
        • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    You will also be asked to nominate peers who you do not wish to review your manuscript (opposed reviewers).

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite/reject any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    Angiology is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for ANG can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    2.2 Authorship
    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

            (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
            (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
            (iii) Approved the version to be published, 
            (iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.

    2.3 Acknowledgements
    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    2.3.1 Third party submissions
    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    •    Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input 
    •    Identify any entities that paid for this assistance 
    •    Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, Sage reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.3.2 Writing assistance
    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance”).

    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    2.4 Funding
    Angiology requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    It is the policy of Angiology to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative. Please do not submit the patient’s actual written informed consent with your article, as this in itself breaches the patient’s confidentiality. The Journal requests that you confirm to us, in writing, that you have obtained written informed consent but the written consent itself should be held by the authors/investigators themselves, for example in a patient’s hospital record. The confirmatory letter may be uploaded with your submission as a separate file.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The Journal has adopted the ARRIVE guidelines.

    2.7 Clinical trials
    Angiology conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    Angiology endorses the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment. However, consistent with the AllTrials campaign, retrospectively registered trials will be considered if the justification for late registration is acceptable. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    2.8 Reporting guidelines
    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

    2.9 Research Data

    The journal is committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research, and has the following research data sharing policy. For more information, including FAQs please visit the Sage Research Data policy pages.

    Subject to appropriate ethical and legal considerations, authors are encouraged to:

    • share your research data in a relevant public data repository
    • include a data availability statement linking to your data. If it is not possible to share your data, we encourage you to consider using the statement to explain why it cannot be shared.
    • cite this data in your research

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics
    Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    Angiology and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving
    Angiology offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting
    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Sage after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplemental material
    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplemental files

    4.4 Reference style
    Tips for formatting references:

    • For references with 7 or more authors, list only the first 3 authors followed by et al.
    • Month and day of publication are not necessary to include
    • Issue numbers are not necessary to include
    • PubMed PMID is not necessary to include
    • Abbreviated pagination is permissible, e.g. 569-77 or 1111-5

    Sample references:
    1. Laakso M, Kuusisto J. Insulin resistance and hyperglycaemia in cardiovascular disease development. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2014;10:293-302.
    2. Ochoa JE, Gallo JA, Correa MM, et al. Insulin resistance and beat-to-beat cardiovascular dynamics: a constant relationship across different body mass index and blood pressure categories. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015;100:569-77.
    3. Tateya S, Kim F, Tamori Y. Recent advances in obesity-induced inflammation and insulin resistance. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2013;4:93.
    4. Hashemipour S, Esmailzadehha N, Hamid H, Oveisi S, Yakhchaliha P, Ziaee A. Association of metabolic syndrome components with insulin resistance in normal weight population: the Qazvin Metabolic Diseases study. J Endocrinol Invest. 2015;38:1111-5.
    5. Chen S, Chen Y, Liu X, et al. Insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome in normal-weight individuals. Endocrine. 2014;46:496-504.

    4.5 English language editing services
    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using Sage Language Services. Visit Sage Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Angiology is hosted on Sage Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Help.

    5.1 ORCID
    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions
    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 Sage Production
    Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal Sage Edit or by email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    6.2 Online First publication
    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article
    Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article
    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

    7. Further information
    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Angiology editorial office as follows:

    Dr. Dimitri P. Mikhailidis
    Phone: 011-44-020-7830-2258 (UK)

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