Communication and Sport (C&S) is a cutting-edge, peer-reviewed bimonthly journal that publishes research to foster international scholarly understanding of the nexus of communication and sport. C&S publishes research and critical analysis from diverse disciplinary and theoretical perspectives to advance understanding of communication phenomena in the varied contexts through which sport touches individuals, society, and culture.
C&S examines both communication in sport and the communication of sport by considering sport in light of communication processes, strategies, industries, texts, and reception. C&S welcomes studies of sport and media in mass and new media settings, research on sport in interpersonal, group, organizational, and other communication contexts, and analyses of sport rhetoric, discourse, and narratives.C&S encourages studies of sport communication and media from broad disciplinary vistas including sport studies/sociology, management, marketing, politics, economics, philosophy, history, education, kinesiology, health, as well as cultural, policy, urban, gender, sexuality, race, and ability studies. C&S is theoretically diverse, and articles featuring qualitative, quantitative, critical, historical, and other methods are equally welcome.
Communication & Sport is a peer-reviewed bimonthly journal that publishes research to foster international scholarly understanding of the nexus of communication and sport. C&S publishes research and critical analysis from diverse disciplinary and theoretical perspectives to advance understanding of communication phenomena in the varied contexts through which sport touches individuals, society, and culture.
C&S examines both communication in sport and the communication of sport by considering sport in light of communication processes, strategies, industries, texts, and reception. C&S welcomes studies of sport and media in mass and new media settings, research on sport in interpersonal, group, organizational, and other communication contexts, and analyses of sport rhetoric, discourse, and narratives.
C&S encourages studies of sport communication and media from broad disciplinary vistas including sport studies/sociology, management, marketing, politics, economics, psychology, philosophy, history, education, kinesiology, health, as well as cultural, policy, urban, gender, sexuality, race, and ability studies. C&S is theoretically diverse, and articles featuring qualitative, quantitative, critical, historical, and other methods are equally welcome.
|Kenon A. Brown||University of Alabama, USA|
|Toni Bruce||University of Auckland, New Zealand|
|Michael L. Butterworth||University of Texas at Austin, USA|
|Jacco van Sterkenburg||Erasmus University, Netherlands|
|Tang Tang||Kent State University, USA|
|Thomas Horky||Macromedia University, Germany|
|Gashaw Abeza||Towson University, USA|
|Mahfoud Amara||Qatar University, Qatar|
|Dunja Antunovic||University of Minnesota, USA|
|Raymond Boyle||University of Glasgow, UK|
|Mark Brooke||National University of Singapore, Singapore|
|Tendai Chari||University of Venda, South Africa|
|Tzu-Hsuan Chen||National Taiwan Sport University, Taiwan|
|Jim Cherney||University of Nevada-Reno, USA|
|Younghan Cho||Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, South Korea|
|Galen E. Clavio||Indiana University Bloomington, USA|
|Cheryl Cooky||Purdue University-Main Campus|
|Gregory A. Cranmer||Clemson University, USA|
|Glenn Cummins||Texas Tech University, USA|
|Gina Daddario||Shenandoah University, USA|
|Bryan Denham||Clemson University, USA|
|Fabrice Desmarais||Waikato University, New Zealand|
|Michael Devlin||Texas State University, USA|
|Natalie Brown- Devlin||University of Texas|
|Tom Evens||University of Ghent, Belgium|
|Patrick Ferrucci||University of Colorado, USA|
|Beth Fielding-Lloyd||Sheffield Hallam University, UK|
|Kirsten Frandsen||Aarhus University, Denmark|
|Stephen Frawley||University of Technology, Sydney, Australia|
|Evan L. Frederick||University of Louisville, USA|
|Walter Gantz||Indiana University, USA|
|Callum Gilmour||Monash University, Malaysia|
|Xavier Ginesta||University of Vic, Spain|
|Marion Hambrick||University of Louisville, USA|
|Guy Harrison||Youngstown State University, USA|
|Karen Hartman||Idaho State University, USA|
|Richard Haynes||University of Stirling, UK|
|Brett Hutchins||Monash University, Australia|
|Deirdre Hynes||Manchester Metropolitan University, UK|
|Dan Jackson||Bournemouth University, UK|
|Steven Jackson||University of Otago, New Zealand|
|Honorata Jakubowska||Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland|
|Jeffrey Kassing||Arizona State University, USA|
|Edward Kian||Oklahoma State University, USA|
|Koji Kobayashi||Otaru University, Japan|
|Kyle Kusz||University of Rhode Island, USA|
|Katherine Lavelle||University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, USA|
|Nicky Lewis||University of Kentucky, USA|
|Simon Licen||Washington State University, USA|
|Pirkko Markula||University of Alberta, Canada|
|Fred Mason||University of New Brunswick, Canada|
|Jenn McClearen||University of Texas|
|Mary McDonald||Georgia Institute of Technology, USA|
|Lindsey Meán||Arizona State University, USA|
|Brad Millington||Brock University, Canada|
|Peter Millward||Liverpool John Moores University, UK|
|Leigh Moscowitz||University of South Carolina|
|Joshua Newman||Florida State University, USA|
|Thomas Oates||University of Iowa, USA|
|Chuka Onwumechili||Howard University, USA|
|Natalia Organista||Józef Pilsudski University of Physical Education, Poland|
|Ann Pegoraro||University of Guelph, Canada|
|Emma Pullen||Loughborough University, UK|
|Xavier Ramon||Pompeu Fabra University, Spain|
|Robin Recours||University of Montpellier, France|
|Lynsey Romo||North Carolina State University, USA|
|David Rowe||University of Western Sydney, Australia|
|Andy Ruddock||Monash University, Australia|
|Brody Ruihley||Miami University|
|Jimmy Sanderson||Texas Tech University, USA|
|Christiana Schallhorn||Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany|
|Lucie Schoch||University of Lausanne, Switzerland|
|Michael Serazio||Boston College, USA|
|Merryn Sherwood||La Trobe University, Australia|
|Lauren Reichart Smith||Indiana University, USA|
|Paul Smith||De Montfort University, UK|
|Ilan Tamir||Ariel University, Israel|
|Alice Nemcová Tejkalová||Charles University, Czech Republic|
|Lee Thompson||Waseda University, Japan|
|Kim Toffoletti||Deakin University, Australia|
|Ana Carolina Vimieiro||Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil|
|John Vincent||University of Alabama|
|Lawrence A. Wenner||Loyola Marymount University, USA|
|Erin E. Whiteside||The University of Tennessee, USA|
|Brian Wilson||University of British Columbia, Canada|
|Qingru Xu||University of Kentucky, USA|
Before submitting your manuscript, please read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided at the link below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. A detailed submission guidelines (containing information such as the preparation of illustrations, pictures, and graphs) can be found here.
Aims and Scope
Communication & Sport is a peer-reviewed quarterly that publishes research to foster international scholarly understanding of the nexus of communication and sport. C&S publishes research and critical analysis from diverse disciplinary and theoretical perspectives to advance understanding of communication phenomena in the varied contexts through which sport touches individuals, society, and culture. C&S examines both communication in sport and the communication of sport by considering sport in light of communication processes, strategies, industries, texts, and reception. C&S welcomes studies of sport and media in mass and new media settings, research on sport in interpersonal, group, organizational, and other communication contexts, and analyses of sport rhetoric, discourse, and narratives. C&S encourages studies of sport communication and media from broad disciplinary vistas including sport studies/sociology, management, marketing, politics, economics, psychology, philosophy, history, education, kinesiology, health, as well as cultural, policy, urban, gender, sexuality, race, and ability studies. C&S is theoretically diverse, and articles featuring qualitative, quantitative, critical, historical, and other methods are equally welcome.
Communication & Sport publishes research articles and commentary of varying lengths. All articles should include an abstract of 100–200 words and 5 key words must also be supplied, placed at the beginning of the article. Manuscripts of more than 8,000 words, inclusive of references, notes, tables, and figures, will not be considered. While style and organization may vary according to theoretical and methodological traditions, these research articles normally include (1) an introduction (no heading) that clearly states the purpose and rationale for the article and places its importance in context (2) a review of literature that sets the stage for the investigation and basic approach, (3) a methodological summary that situates and details the approach and frames basic questions or hypotheses, (4) a report of results or analysis of findings, followed by (5) a discussion that emphasizes new and important observations of the study, and (6) a conclusion that considers the study’s limitations and implications for future research. Shorter length articles may report on the results of a pilot study, present and analyze a case study, or provide a brief commentary on a methodological, theoretical or ethical issue and are normally of 3000-4000 words in length, inclusive of references, notes, tables, and figures.
Manuscripts submitted to Communication & Sport must conform to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association current edition (see http://www.apastyle.org/) C&S operates a strictly anonymous peer review process for articles. In order to ensure anonymity, all material and self-references that identify the author(s) should be removed from the manuscript, and the author name(s) should appear only on a title page in separate stand-alone document. Article manuscripts are considered for publication only on the understanding that they are not simultaneously under consideration elsewhere, that they are the original work of the author(s), and that any previous form of publication and current consideration in other languages are disclosed at the time of submission. Only electronic files may be submitted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, and XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. Further guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format may be found in the complete submission guidelines.
All pages must be typed, double-spaced (including references, footnotes, and endnotes). Text must be in 12-point Times Roman. Block quotes may be single-spaced. Must include margins of 1 inch on all the four sides and number all pages sequentially.
The manuscript should include four major sections (in this order): Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.
Sections in a manuscript may include the following (in this order): (1) Title page, (2) Abstract, (3) Keywords, (4) Text, (5) Notes, (6) References, (7) Tables, (8) Figures, and (9) Appendices.
1. Title page. Please include the following:
- Full article title
- Acknowledgments and credits
- Each author’s complete name and institutional affiliation(s)
- Grant numbers and/or funding information
- Corresponding author (name, address, phone/fax, e-mail)
2. Abstract. Print the abstract (150 to 250 words) on a separate page headed by the full article title. Omit author(s)’s names.
3. Text. Begin article text on a new page headed by the full article title.
a. Headings and subheadings. Subheadings should indicate the organization of the content of the manuscript. Generally, three heading levels are sufficient to organize text. Level 1 heading should be Centered, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 2 heading should be Flush Left, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 3 heading should be Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, Level 4 heading should be Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, and Level 5 heading should be Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period.
b. Citations. For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation. Each corresponding citation must have identical spelling and year. Each text citation must include at least two pieces of information, author(s) and year of publication. Following are some examples of text citations:
(i) Unknown Author: To cite works that do not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Eg. The findings are based on the study was done of students learning to format research papers ("Using XXX," 2001)
(ii) Authors with the Same Last Name: use first initials with the last names to prevent confusion. Eg. (L. Hughes, 2001; P. Hughes, 1998)
(iii) Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: For two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters (a, b, c) with the year to order the entries in the reference list. The lower-case letters should follow the year in the in-text citation. Eg. Research by Freud (1981a) illustrated that…
(iv) Personal Communication: For letters, e-mails, interviews, and other person-to-person communication, citation should include the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list. Eg. (E. Clark, personal communication, January 4, 2009).
(v) Unknown Author and Unknown Date: For citations with no author or date, use the title in the signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.d." (for "no date"). Eg. The study conducted by of students and research division discovered that students succeeded with tutoring ("Tutoring and APA," n.d.).
5. Notes. If explanatory notes are required for your manuscript, insert a number formatted in superscript following almost any punctuation mark. Footnote numbers should not follow dashes ( — ), and if they appear in a sentence in parentheses, the footnote number should be inserted within the parentheses. The Footnotes should be added at the bottom of the page after the references. The word “Footnotes” should be centered at the top of the page.
6. References. Basic rules for the reference list:
- The reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order according to the authors’ last names.
- If there is more than one work by the same author, order them according to their publication date – oldest to newest (therefore a 2008 publication would appear before a 2009 publication).
- When listing multiple authors of a source use “&” instead of “and”.
- Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if there are one, and any proper names – i. e. only those words that are normally capitalized.
- Italicize the title of the book, the title of the journal/serial and the title of the web document.
- Manuscripts submitted to Communication & Sport (C&S) should strictly follow the APA manual (current edition).
- Every citation in text must have the detailed reference in the Reference section.
- Every reference listed in the Reference section must be cited in text.
- Do not use “et al.” in the Reference list at the end; names of all authors of a publication should be listed there.
Here are a few examples of commonly found references. For more examples please check APA (current ed).
Book with place of publication-- Airey, D. (2010). Logo design love: A guide to creating iconic brand identities. Berkeley, CA: New Riders.
Book with editors & edition-- Collins, C., & Jackson, S. (Eds.). (2007). Sport in Aotearoa/New Zealand society (2nd ed.). South Melbourne, Australia: Thomson.
Book with author & publisher are the same-- MidCentral District Health Board. (2008). District annual plan 2008/09. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Author.
Chapter in an edited book-- Dear, J., & Underwood, M. (2007). What is the role of exercise in the prevention of back pain? In D. MacAuley & T. Best (Eds.), Evidence-based sports medicine (2nd ed., pp. 257-280). Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Journal article with more than one author (print)-- Gabbett, T., Jenkins, D., & Abernethy, B. (2010). Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(6), 578-583.
Journal article – 8 or more authors-- Crooks, C., Ameratunga, R., Brewerton, M., Torok, M., Buetow, S., Brothers, S., … Jorgensen, P. (2010). Adverse reactions to food in New Zealand children aged 0-5 years. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1327). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal/123-1327/4469/
- Internet Sources:
Internet – no author, no date-- Pet therapy. (n.d.). Retrieved from htttp://www.holisticonline.com/stress/stress_pet-therapy.htm
Internet – Organisation / Corporate author-- SPCA New Zealand. (2011). Your dog may be dying from the heat [Press release]. Retrieved from
- Examples of various types of information sources:
Act (statute / legislation)-- Copyright Act 1994. (2011, October 7). Retrieved from http://www.legislation.govt.nz
Blog post-- Liz and Ellory. (2011, January 19). The day of dread(s) [Blog post]. Retrieved from
Brochure / pamphlet (no author)-- Ageing well: How to be the best you can be [Brochure]. (2009). Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health.
Conference Paper-- Williams, J., & Seary, K. (2010). Bridging the divide: Scaffolding the learning experiences of the mature age student. In J. Terrell (Ed.), Making the links: Learning, teaching and high quality student outcomes. Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the New Zealand Association of Bridging Educators (pp. 104-116). Wellington, New Zealand.
DVD / Video / Motion Picture (including Clickview & Youtube)-- Gardiner, A., Curtis, C., & Michael, E. (Producers), & Waititi, T. (Director). (2010). Boy: Welcome to my interesting world [DVD]. New Zealand: Transmission.
Magazine-- Ng, A. (2011, October-December). Brush with history. Habitus, 13, 83-87.
Newspaper article (no author)-- Little blue penguins homeward bound. (2011, November 23). Manawatu Standard, p. 5
Podcast (audio or video)-- Rozaieski, B. (2011). Logan cabinet shoppe: Episode 37: Entertainment center molding [Video podcast]. Retrieved from http://blip.tv/xxx
Software (including apps-- UBM Medica. (2010). iMIMS (Version1.2.0) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com
Television programme-- Flanagan, A., & Philipson, A. (Series producers & directors). (2011). 24 hours in A & E [Television series]. Belfast, Ireland: Channel 4.
Thesis (print)-- Smith, T. L. (2008). Change, choice and difference: The case of RN to BN degree programmes for registered nurses (Master’s thesis). Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.
Thesis (online)-- Mann, D. L. (2010). Vision and expertise for interceptive actions in sport (Doctoral dissertation, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia). Retrieved fromhttp://handle.unsw.edu.au/1959.4/44704
IMPORTANT NOTE: To encourage a faster production process of your article, you are requested to closely adhere to the points above for references. Otherwise, it will entail a long process of solving copyeditor’s queries and may directly affect the publication time of your article.
7. Tables. They should be structured properly. Each table must have a clear and concise title. When appropriate, use the title to explain an abbreviation parenthetically. Eg. Comparison of Median Income of Adopted Children (AC) v. Foster Children (FC). Headings should be clear and brief.
8. Figures. They should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and must include figure captions. Figures will appear in the published article in the order in which they are numbered initially. The figure resolution should be 300dpi at the time of submission.
IMPORTANT: PERMISSION - The author(s) are responsible for securing permission to reproduce all copyrighted figures or materials before they are published in CAS. A copy of the written permission must be included with the manuscript submission.
9. Appendices. They should be lettered to distinguish from numbered tables and figures. Include a descriptive title for each appendix (e.g., “Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions”). Cross-check text for accuracy against appendices.
Submitting Your Manuscript
To submit your article login online at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/commsport. All manuscripts for articles in Communication & Sport must be submitted via SageTrack, a web-based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one because it is likely an account has been created if you have reviewed or authored for C&S within the past year. In the online submission process, authors will be required to provide declarations concerning conflicting interests and funding acknowledgements. Prior to publication, authors will be responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere that go beyond fair use guidelines. Prior to publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement, an exclusive license agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and license to publish for the full legal term of copyright, Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage.
If you or your funder wishes your article to be freely available online to nonsubscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in Sage Choice, subject to the payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let Sage know directly if you are choosing Sage Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit Sage Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at Sage, including self/author archiving deposits (green open access) visit Sage Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.
As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.
The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.
For more information, please refer to the Sage Manuscript Submission Guidelines.