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Journal of Developing Societies

Journal of Developing Societies

A Forum on Issues of Development and Change in All Societies

eISSN: 17452546 | ISSN: 0169796X | Current volume: 36 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: Quarterly

The Journal of Developing Societies is a refereed international journal on development and social change not only in 'developing' countries but also the 'developed' societies of the world. It provides an interdisciplinary forum for the publication of theoretical perspectives, research findings, case studies, policy analyses and normative critiques on the issues, problems and policies of both mainstream and alternative approaches to development. The journal represents the full range of diverse theoretical and ideological viewpoints on development that exist in the contemporary international community.


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Dr. Richard Harris is Professor Emeritus of Global Studies at California State University, Monterey Bay. He has a Ph.D. in Political Science and a Masters of Public Administration from the University of California, Los Angeles, Dr. Harris has taught, carried out research, and directed programs at various universities in the United States and overseas, including the University of California, Harvard University, California State University, the University of the Americas in Mexico, the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana in Mexico City, the Universidad de Chile, the Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estero in Argentina, the University of Zambia and the University of Ibadan in Nigeria.

Professor Harris has been the managing editor of the Journal of Developing Societies (SAGE India) since 2003, co-editor from 1998 to 2002, and one of the coordinating editors of Latin American Perspectives (SAGE USA) since 1977. He has authored and edited books, monographs and journal articles on globalization, Latin American politics, African politics, democracy, revolutionary change, socialism, comparative public administration and organizational development. Included among his more recent publications are: Capital, Power and Inequality in Latin American and the Caribbean (co-edited with Jorge Nef; Rowman and Littlefield, 2008); Globalization and Development in Latin America (de Sitter Publications, 2005). Globalization and Post-Apartheid South Africa (co-edited with Abebe Zegeye, Brill, 2005); Globalization and Health (co-edited with Melinda Seid; Brill, 2004); Media, Identity and the Public Sphere in Post-Apartheid South Africa (co-edited with Abebe Zegeye; Brill, 2003); Globalization and Globalism in Latin America: Contending Perspectives (SAGE Publications, 2002); Critical Perspectives on Globalization and Neoliberalism in the Developing Countries (co-edited with Melinda Seid; Brill, 2000); Capital, Power and Inequality in Latin America (co-edited with Sandor Halebsky; Westview Press, 1995); and Marxism, Socialism and Democracy in Latin America (Westview Press, 1992).

Electronic Access:

Journal of Developing Societies is available electronically on SAGE Journals Online at

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

The Journal of Developing Societies is a peer-reviewed international journal on development and social change in all societies. JDS provides an interdisciplinary forum for the publication of theoretical perspectives, research findings, case studies, policy analyses and normative critiques on the issues, problems and policies associated with both mainstream and alternative approaches to development. The scope of the journal is not limited to articles on the Third World or the Global South, rather it encompasses articles on development and change in the `developed` as well as `developing` societies of the world. The journal seeks to represent the full range of diverse theoretical and ideological viewpoints on development that exist in the contemporary international community.

Managing Editor
Richard L Harris California State University, Monterey Bay
Assistant Editor
Ajit Abraham California State University, Monterey Bay
Editorial Board
Anil B Deolalikar University of California, Irvine
Jean Dréze Ranchi University
Anil Hira Simon Fraser University
Barbara Hogenboom Centre for Latin American Research and Documentation, Amsterdam
Randhir B Jain University of Delhi
Tanya Jakimow The Australian National University
Palash Kamruzzaman South Wales Business School, University of South Wales
Mônica Dias Martins Universidade Estadual do Ceará
J E Maxted Canterbury Christ Church University
Sabelo J Ndlovu-Gatsheni University of South Africa
Ronn Pineo Towson University
Jurgen Poesche Aalto University
Wilder Robles Brandon University
Wendy Kay Olsen University of Manchester
Anil Seal University of Cambridge
Roy Smith Nottingham Trent University
Angie Ngoc Tran California State University, Monterey Bay
Harry Vanden University of South Florida
Abebe Zegeye Woldia University
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  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Journal of Developing Societies (JDS)

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Please send your manuscript to the editor, Richard L. Harris as an e-mail attachment, preferably in MS Word format (e-mail: ). Prospective contributors are encouraged to view the journal’s website ( ) and recent issues of the journal before submitting manuscripts.

    Please attach to every submission a letter confirming that all authors have agreed to the submission and that the article is not currently being considered for publication by any other journal.

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    3. Publishing polices

    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplementary material
    4.4 Reference style
    4.5 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 Information required for completing your submission
    5.2 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further Information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Journal of Developing Societies, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope 

    1.2 Article types

    The Journal of Developing Societies is a refereed international journal on development and social change not only in 'developing' countries but also the 'developed' societies of the world. It provides an interdisciplinary forum for the publication of theoretical perspectives, research findings, case studies, policy analyses and normative critiques on the issues, problems and policies of both mainstream and alternative approaches to development. The journal represents the full range of diverse theoretical and ideological viewpoints on development that exist in the contemporary international community.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Journal of Developing Studies operates a strictly blinded peer review process in which the reviewer’s name is withheld from the author and, the author’s name from the reviewer. The reviewer may at their own discretion opt to reveal their name to the author in their review but our standard policy practice is for both identities to remain concealed.
    Authors will be provided with a copyright form once the contribution is accepted for publication. The submission will be considered as final only after the filled-in and signed copyright form is received. In case there are two or more authors, the corresponding author needs to sign the copyright form.

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.]

    2.3.1 Third party submissions

    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    •    Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input 
    •    Identify any entities that paid for this assistance 
    •    Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.3.2 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    Journal of Developing Studies requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Journal of Developing Studies encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    Journal of Developing Studies and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement         

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Journal of Developing Studies offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission                                           

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

    4.4 Reference style

    Journal of Developing Studies adheres to the APA reference style. View the APA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    Examples of References:


    Patnaik, Utsa (2007). The republic of hunger. New Delhi: Three Essays Collective.

    Edited Books:
    Amanor, Kojo S., & Moyo, S. (Eds) (2008). Land and sustainable development in Africa. London and New York: Zed Books.

    Translated books:
    Amin, S. (1976). Unequal development (trans. B. Pearce). London and New York: Monthly Review Press.

    Book chapters:
    Chachra, S. (2011). The national question in India. In S. Moyo and P. Yeros (Eds), Reclaiming the nation (pp. 67–78). London and New York: Pluto Press.

    Journal articles:
    Foster, J.B. (2010). The financialization of accumulation. Monthly Review, 62(5), 1-17. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225 [DOI number optional]

    Newsletter article, no author:
    Six sites meet for comprehensive anti-gang intiative conference. (2006, November/December). OOJDP News @ a Glance. Retrieved from
    [Please do not place a period at the end of an online reference.]

    Newspaper article:
    Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.

    Publication ethics

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Harvard EndNote output file [OR] the SAGE Vancouver EndNote output file

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Manuscripts should be double-spaced, with ample margins and bear the title of the contribution and the name(s) of the author(s) on a separate sheet of paper. The full postal address/phone/e-mail details of each author plus short biographical notes should also be included. In case there are two or more authors, the corresponding author’s name and address details (postal and email) should be clearly specified. Please provide information for a very brief author(s) blurb including any relevant current works or other expertise in the topic of the article.

    All pages should be numbered. Contributions should be less than 7500 words in length. They should include an abstract of about 100 words and up to six keywords.

    The abstract should cover the overall purpose or research problem, stated early in the abstract, the methodology used, including the research design, sample, and data collection methods, a concise discussion of a few significant research findings and an overview of the main conclusions of the article.

    The journal uses endnotes and does not use footnotes. All endnotes should be signaled in the text by superscript numbers.

    It is the author’s responsibility to disclose any potential conflict of interest regarding the manuscript.

    All figures, i.e., diagrams, images and photographs, and tables should be provided separate from the text at the end and numbered in the order that they appear in text. Tables and figures must be cited in the text, and indicated by number separately (see Table 1), not by placement (see Table below). Each figure and table should have a heading, an explanatory caption if necessary, and a source or reference in a separate file. Black and white illustrations/figures should be supplied electronically at a resolution of at least 300 dpi and 1500 pixels, as .eps, .tiff or .jpg files.

    Due permissions should be taken for copyright protected photographs/images. Even for photographs/images available in the public domain, it should be clearly ascertained whether or not their reproduction requires permission for purposes of publishing (which is a profit-making endeavor). All photographs/scanned images should be provided separately.

    Articles must be written in English. Use a clear readable style, avoiding jargon. If technical terms of acronyms must be included, define them when first used. Use non-racist, non-sexist language and plurals rather than he/she.

    Use American spellings with serial comma (“labor” not “labour”; “center” not “centre”; universal “-ize” and “-ization” of words). Use “nineteenth century,” “1980s.” Spell out numbers from one to nine, 10 and above to remain in figures.

    Use double quotes throughout. Single quotes should only be used within double quotes. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed. Quotations of 45 words or more should be separated from the text and indented with a line space above and below.

    Use of italics and diacriticals should be minimized, but used consistently. Avoid excessive use of italics for emphasis, but use it for book titles, journal names, and foreign words.
    Citations and References should adhere to the guidelines below (based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition). Some examples are given below:

    In text citations:

    One work by one author: (Kessler, 2003, p. 50) or ‘Kessler (2003) found that among the epidemiological samples..’.
    One work by two authors: (Joreskog & Sorborn, 2007, pp. 50–66) or Joreskog and Sorborn (2007) found that..
    One work by three or more authors: (Basu, Banerji & Chatterjee, 2007) [first instance]; Basu et al. (2007) [Second instance onwards].
    Groups or organizations or universities: (University of Pittsburgh, 2007) or University of Pittsburgh (2007).
    Authors with same surname: Include the initials in all the in-text citations even if the year of publication differs, e.g., (I. Light, 2006; M.A. Light, 2008).
    Works with no identified author or anonymous author: Cite the first few words of the reference entry (title) and then the year, e.g., (‘Study finds’, 2007); (Anonymous, 1998).
    If abbreviations are provided, then the style to be followed is: (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2003) in the first citation and (NIMH, 2003) in subsequent citations.
    Two or more works by same author: (Gogel, 1990, 2006, in press)
    Two or more works with different authors: (Gogel, 1996; Miller, 1999)
    Secondary sources: Allport's diary (as cited in Nicholson, 2003).

    5.1 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.2 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    6. On acceptance and publication           

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit thePromote Your Articlepage on the Gateway for tips and advice. 

    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Journal of Developing Studies editor Prof Richard Harris at 

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