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Journal of Transcultural Nursing

Journal of Transcultural Nursing

2018 Impact Factor: 1.278
2018 Ranking: 62/120 in Nursing (SCIE) | 60/118 in Nursing (SSCI)
Source: Journal Citation Reports (Web of Science Group, 2019)
Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
A Forum for Cultural Competence in Health Care

Norma Graciela Cuellar, PhD, RN, FAAN University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, USA

eISSN: 15527832 | ISSN: 10436596 | Current volume: 30 | Current issue: 5 Frequency: Bi-monthly

Explore the Influence of Culture on Nursing Practice and the Delivery of Health Care...

Dedicated to the advancement of culturally competent and culturally congruent health care, the Journal of Transcultural Nursing discusses important topics that affect nursing and health care clinical practice, research, education, and theory development.

Discover How Culture and Health Care Interrelate

This dynamic and sometimes controversial publication offers practical information about how to deal with diverse cultures on issues that may affect nursing and health care, such as:

  • Birth, including prenatal care, pregnancy, labor, delivery, and post-partum care
  • Rites of passage rituals
  • Definitions of illness
  • Family roles and responsibilities for ill clients
  • Withdrawal of treatment decisions
  • Death and dying
  • Medication and home remedies/treatments
  • Nutrition and diet
  • Reactions to mental illness
  • Symptom management
  • Racially abusive clients
  • Caring for the older adult
  • Managing culturally diverse work forces
  • Culturally appropriate communication, diagnoses, interventions and standards of care

The Journal of Transcultural Nursing also offers nurses, educators, researchers, and practitioners theoretical approaches and current research findings that have direct implications for the delivery of culturally congruent health care and for the preparation of health care professionals who will provide that care.

A Comprehensive Approach

The Journal of Transcultural Nursing includes intriguing and critical articles on

  • Research, including both qualitative and quantitative methodologies, evaluation, and validity and reliability issues
  • Theory Development, including conceptual models and theories currently used to guide culturally congruent health care.
  • Education, including pedagogy, tools for increasing cultural awareness, integrating transcultural nursing concepts into the academic curricula and staff development programs, and teaching culturally diverse nursing students.
  • Clinical Practice, including practical applications of research findings to clinical practice, such as adapting end-of-life care to the needs of specific ethnic populations, developing a hospital-based website with culture-specific information for both staff and patients, and culture assessment tools.
  • International Department, including collaborative international research models, international consultation, and government and non-government health policy formation
  • Information Resources, including methods of accessing information concerning transcultural nursing or health care will be the major emphasis of this department. Articles regarding library searches, web page listings, internet resources, computer software packages and topics on informatics related to the journal’s subject matter are encouraged. In addition, book reviews, critiques of videotapes or educational materials, annotated bibliographies and similar brief reports are welcomed.

The Journal of Transcultural Nursing is at the forefront of promoting the creation of standards for transcultural nursing practice, professional competency, and clinical practices. It also keeps you in touch with the Journal of Transcultural Nursing Society's news and events.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

The Journal of Transcultural Nursing is the official journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society. The mission of the journal is to serve as a peer-reviewed forum for nurses, health care professionals, and practitioners in related disciplines to discuss issues related to the advancement of knowledge in the areas of culturally congruent health care delivery and to promote the dissemination of research findings concerning the relationship among culture, nursing and other related disciplines, and the delivery of health care.

Norma Graciela Cuellar, PhD, RN, FAAN University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, USA
Senior Editors
Eun-Ok Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
Patti Ludwig-Beymer, PhD, RN, CTN, FAAN Purdue University, Hammond, IN, USA
Associate Editor
Janice D. Crist, PhD, RN, FNGNA, FAAN University of Arizona, USA
Joanne T. Ehrmin, PhD, RN, CNS University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA
Valerie Eschiti, PhD, RN, CHTP, AHN-BC University of Oklahoma, Lawton, OK, USA
Violeta Lopez, PhD, RN, MNA, FRCNA College of Nursing, Hubei University of Medicine, China
Calvin Moorley, PhD, RN London South Bank University, UK
Eddie Morris, PhD, RN Cincinnati, OH, USA
Dorthe Nielsen, PhD, RN, MSH University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Reimund Serafica, PhD, MSN, RN University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA
Leilani Siaki, PhD, FNP-BC Tripler Army Medical Center, Kapolei, HI, USA
C. June Strickland, PhD, RN University of Washington, Bellevue, USA
Melanie T. Turk, PhD, RN Duquesne University School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Rick Zoucha, PhD, APRN-BC, CTN-A, FAAN Duquesne University School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Managing Editor
Elizabeth Marshall Towson, MD, USA
Editorial Board
Huda Huijer Abu-Saad, PhD, RN, FEANS, FAAN American University of Beirut, Lebanon
Margaret M. Andrews, PhD, RN, CTN-A, FAAN University of Michigan-Flint, USA
Katherine Bydalek, PhD, MSN, FNP-BC University of South Alabama, USA
Noel J. Chrisman, PhD, MPH University of Washington, USA
Jaqueline Da Silva, PhD, RN, CNS, MSc Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Janice Unruh Davidson, PhD, DNP, RN-BC, FNP-BC, NEA-BC, CNE, ANEF, FAANP, FNAP Chamberlain University, USA
Carmen de la Cuesta, MSc, PhD University of Alicante, Spain
Ruth De Souza, PhD, MA, Grap Dip, dip Nursing Centre for Culture, Ethnicity & Health, Australia
Laila Farhoud, M.S.N.C.S. American University of Beirut, Lebanon
Raisa Gul, PhD, MHA, RN, RM Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Pakistan
Guifang Guo, PhD Peking University, China
Panduleni Hailonga-van Dijk, PhD, MSc, RN Seahorse Institute, Bahamas
Jehad Omar Halabi, PhD, RN King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Saudi Arabia
Naohiro Hohashi, PhD, RN, PHN, FAAN Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
Masako Kanai-Pak, PhD, RN Kanto Gakuin University, Japan
Anahid Kulwicki, PhD, RN, FAAN Lebanese American University, Lebanon
Manuel Lillo-Crespo, PhD, MSN, MBA, MSCAnthr., BSN, RN Universidad de Alicante, Spain
Yu Liu, PhD China Medical University School of Nursing, China
Alba Lucero López Diaz, MSc, PhD Universidád Nacionál de Colómbia, Colómbia
Samar Noureddine, PhD, RN, FAHA, FAAN American University of Beirut, Lebanon
Akram Omeri, OAM, FON, RN, BSN, MN, CTN-A, TCN Scholar, FACN University of Sydney,Australia
Wasileh Petro-Nustas, BSc, MSc, ScD The University of Jordan, Jordan
Somjai Puttapitukpol, RN, DNS Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, Thailand
Antoinette Sabapathy, RN, SCM, APN(WH), CNM  
Hsiu-Hung Wang, PhD Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan
Zoe Szu-Yao Wang, PhD  
Lihua Wu, PhD University of Manchester, UK
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  • Manuscript Submission Information for Authors


    The Journal of Transcultural Nursing is the official journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society. It is a peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal that aims to advance the field of cross cultural nursing and healthcare. Its mission is to contribute new knowledge about the relationship between social and cultural factors related to healthcare, with a focus on improving care for persons of all cultures. Research reports, analysis and discussion articles, systematic reviews of the literature, theoretical articles, clinical applications, and analytical case studies are desired. The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).


    Manuscripts must be original, unpublished works submitted for the exclusive use of the JTN in accordance with these guidelines. Manuscripts must be submitted via SageTrack, an online submission system.Guidelines must be followed exactly. JTN encourages submission of original research reports that contribute to expanding the body of knowledge of transcultural nursing and health care. Systematic and analytic reviews of the literature, theoretical articles, clinical applications, and analytical case studies are also desired. International submissions are highly encouraged. Submission of manuscripts to one of the following departments are encouraged:


    Manuscripts concerning theory design, construction, development, utilization, application and critique will be presented in this department. Of interest are theories related to transcultural nursing, relationships between culture and health care, including ethnopharmacology or ethnonutrition, anthropological or cross-cultural patterning of health care beliefs and practices, inter- and intra- cultural communication, or transcultural ethics. In addition, manuscripts discussing organizational, technological, political or economic theories that influence health care delivery to specific cultural groups are encouraged. Articles discussing the application of nursing theories to transcultural nursing are also suitable for submission.



    Research studies that expand the body of knowledge of transcultural nursing and health care as a human science will be included in this department. Studies will be considered that utilize such qualitative methodologies as: ethnography, ethnonursing, grounded theory, phenomenology, oral/life histories, critical theory, focus group methods, hermeneutics, participant observation, case study analysis, pattern recognition, or other innovative methods that relate the dynamics of culture to health care. Additionally, studies that utilize a variety of quantitative methodologies to investigate transcultural nursing and health care phenomena are also welcomed. Discussion and/or analytical articles on such topics as instrument development or themes related to the conduction of research on these phenomena are likewise encouraged. Publication of research studies requires a letter of approval from a Human Subjects Committee (IRB) at the time of manuscript submission. Processing of the manuscript will not begin until the IRB approval letter is received. A statement on the approval of IRB by approving agency should be included in the manuscript.

    It is highly recommended to follow publishing guidelines recommended by the National Institute of Health, National Library of Medicine ( to "specify a minimum set of items required for a clear and transparent account of what was done and what was found in a research study, reflecting, in particular, issues that might introduce bias into the research" (adapted from the EQUATOR Network Resource Centre). This may include (but not limited to) the following:

    1. CONSORT: Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials

    2. TREND: Transparent Reporting of Evaluations with Nonrandomized Designs

    3. STROBE: STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology

    4. PRISMA: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses

    5. QUOROM: QUality Of Reporting Of Meta-analyses



    Manuscripts included in this department aim to promote the understanding of the sociocultural context of the nursing educational structure, processes and outcomes. Topics may focus on the organizational culture of schools, teacher/student /client relationships, teaching methods, learning and cognitive styles, curricular designs, evaluation strategies and academic outcomes. Additionally, content focusing on extra-curricular strategies such as recruitment, advisement, peer support, financial aid and mentoring are invited. Topics relevant to teacher training and development are also solicited. Subject content may pertain to any aspect of the educational experience in the undergraduate or graduate levels, or in any setting, including clinical practice, which emphasizes the linkage between culture and education.

    Clinical Practice

    The focus of this department is to explicate the sociocultural context and universal and variant
    patterns influencing the delivery of nursing and health care. Examples of topics suitable for this department include culturally defined health beliefs and values, folk and professional models of health care delivery, practitioner/client interactions, family and community roles, or health care outcomes. Specific content areas may include cultural variations in symptom management, birth or death rituals, use of home remedies, dietary considerations, cultural assessment tools, cultural conflict resolution, use of interpreters in the clinical setting, organizational culture of health care settings, ethical-legal conflicts, or other practice-related subjects. Case studies must include the following: statement and significance of the problem, a brief review of the literature, presentation of the case study, discussion and analysis of the case study within the cultural context, conclusions, recommendations for practice and references.


    This department will highlight themes and examples of international collaborative practice, education, research and consultation. This department will serve as an international forum for nurses and other health care disciplines to share expertise, knowledge, opinions and experience with nurses and health care professionals throughout the world.

    Informational Resources

    Methods of accessing information concerning transcultural nursing or health care will be the major emphasis of this department. Articles regarding library searches, web page listings, internet resources, computer software packages and topics on informatics related to the journal’s subject matter are encouraged. In addition, book reviews, critiques of videotapes or educational materials, annotated bibliographies and similar brief reports are welcomed.


    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.


    Manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with the guidelines set forth in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition.

    Manuscripts, including abstracts and references, should be double-spaced, using 12-pt font type, left justified margins, one-inch margins on all sides.

    No identifying information about the author(s) should be on the body of the paper, abstract, or figures.

    A short heading and page number should be typed on each page.

    Manuscripts should not exceed 15 pages, excluding references, tables and figures.

    Each table, figure, graph etc. should have its relative placement noted within the text.

    Tables should be typed one to a page with any notes/legends typed on the same page.

    Tables should be numbered, titled, typed double-spaced, tab delineated, and without use of lines.

    Figures should be submitted digitally. Label each figure with its number and legend.

    Graphs or figures should NOT use gray-scaling or shading, but rather use hatch markings to demonstrate differences.

    Each figure, graph or drawing should be on a single page with its number, title and legend or caption typed on the same page.

    All tables, figures, graphs and drawings should follow the reference list, not placed within the text.

    If English is a second language, it is highly recommended to have article reviewed by an editor before submission.





    Cover letter

    A cover letter must accompany all manuscripts and should follow APA format and should state that the material has not been published elsewhere and that it is not under consideration at any other journal.


    Title page

    A title page must accompany all manuscripts. Include the following for all authors: title, names of authors in the order to be listed, complete credentials, position titles, affiliations, and contact information (address, phone, fax, email). Indicate the corresponding author with an asterisk (*). Author names should appear only on title page, not on any other page headings. A secondary title page listing only the title must also be included. The title page must be submitted as a separate electronic file, not on the same file as the manuscript.



    Written permission from the copyright holder must be submitted for any of the following: all figures, tables, or graphics taken from another author’s work; quotations of 300 words or more from any academic journal or book, or for use of quotations of ANY length from newspapers, magazines, poems, songs or movies or any other previously copyrighted information. If a payment for permission to reprint is required, it will be the author’s responsibility to pay all fees prior to publication and submit evidence of such payment to the editor.


    Permissions must be included at the time of submission and must give permission to Sage Publications, Inc. to reproduce the material. Permissions should be scanned or copied into a file and uploaded as a “Supplementary file not for review”. Permissions must include both print and electronic publication.


    After a paper is accepted, the corresponding author will be prompted to complete an online copyright agreement.



    NOTE: Do not pay fees until the manuscript has been accepted and scheduled for publication.



    Acknowledgements should be uploaded as a separate file. Acknowledgements include recognition of grant funding and appreciation to reviewers or colleagues and mentors. Please add this as a “supplemental file not for review” and upload it as directed in Manuscript Central.


    All manuscripts, except Letters to the Editor or Commentaries, should be accompanied by an abstract of no more than 150 words. The Journal of Transcultural Nursing uses the IMRAD format for abstracts and publications, which includes Introduction, Methodology, Results, and Discussion. The Introduction includes a brief background of the topic and the study purpose(s). Methodology comprises the design, setting, sample description, intervention, and outcome measures. Results include the primary findings. Finally, the Discussion provides conclusions and implications for culturally congruent health care.

    Video Abstracts

    Read our guidelines on how to produce a video abstract.

    Review and Action

    Authors are notified when the manuscripts are received. Manuscripts are examined by the editorial staff and peer reviewed by at least two reviewers drawn from our editorial board and panel of peer reviewers. Authors are sent the comments from the reviewers but the manuscripts are not returned to the authors. The journal reserves the right to edit all manuscripts to its style and space requirements.



    On-line Submission Information


    To make a submission you must login to your SageTrack account: If you do not have an account you must create one. If you do have an account please login, check it over and update it if necessary. 

    For any difficulty with on-line submission, please contact Elizabeth Marshall, Assistant Managing Editor at

    The following will be requested during on-line submission:

    • Names, credentials, positions and complete contact information on all authors, and acknowledgements, if appropriate
    • Cover letter
    • Abstract of ≤ 150 words
    • Key Words
    • Before uploading manuscript, please remember to remove the title page and any headings with author identifying information.
    • If you do not receive an automated e-mail response, your manuscript has not been successfully entered into the system.

        ========================== PRIOR TO LOGIN =====================

    Have an email address for yourself.

    Have an email address for all co-authors.

    Determine whether each of your co-authors meets the criteria for authorship: see the ICMJE requirements on Defining the Role of Authors and Contributors (press for link).

    Have the complete contact information and credentials for all your co-authors. Credentials will be limited to five, consisting of only the highest degree within each discipline plus any honorary credentials, e.g. FAAN or FRCN. If your manuscript is accepted for publication you will be able to update your credentials, address, affiliation, etc. at time of proof reading.

    Determine the approximate number of words in your submission files.

    Select keywords for your submission.

    Limit your Abstract to 150 words and ensure it is formatted correctly.

    Limit the body of the text to 15 pages, excluding references, tables and figures.

    Determine the appropriate department for your manuscript:
    Clinical practice
    International (non-research)
    Informational Resources

    You may enter it directly or copy and paste your cover letter text into a MC "Cover Letter" box, OR you can attach a file containing your cover letter following the onscreen instructions.

    Be prepared to:

    • Confirm that the manuscript has been submitted solely to this journal and is not published, in press, or submitted elsewhere.
    • Confirm that all the research (and your use of citations) meets the ethical guidelines, including adherence to the legal requirements of the study country.
    • Upload the IRB/Human Subjects approval letter if this is a report of research findings.
    • Upload any relevant Permission letters.
    • Confirm that you have prepared a complete text minus the title page, acknowledgments, and any running headers with author names, to allow blinded review.
    • State if you have any conflicts of interest.

    ================== AFTER YOU HAVE LOGGED IN ======================

    The SageTrack system will demand that you designate your files as one of the following types:

    • Main Document includes the body of the text and references with all author identifying information removed, and no embedded tables or figures
    • Tables and Figures should be separated into individual files and uploaded with appropriate labels applied as requested during the submission process.

    “Supplementary Files Not for Review” may be uploaded to provide specific information such as:

    • Permission to reprint material
    • A copy of the letter of approval to conduct research from the appropriate review board.
    • A conflict of interest disclosure

    During the upload process your files will be converted into both HTML and PDF format for use by the reviewers. (Sometimes the conversion process takes a while or fails.) If it seems to be taking too long - close the conversion-in-progress window and check to see if a file conversion actually occurred. If the file conversion appears stalled or failed, follow any instructions that may become visible on the screen. Otherwise delete any corrupted files and start the process over. Once your submission is complete you will receive an automatic email from SageTrack verifying your submission and providing you with your Manuscript ID Number. You will be able to track the progress of your submission using that number in the system.

    PLEASE NOTE: For any correspondence with the editorial office, please provide your manuscript number so that we may better assist you.

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