The Journal of Travel Research (JTR) is the premier, peer-reviewed research journal focusing on the business of travel and tourism development, management, marketing, economics and behavior. JTR provides researchers, educators, and professionals with up-to-date, high quality research on behavioral trends and management theory for one of the most influential and dynamic industries. Founded in 1961, JTR is the oldest of the world’s top-ranked scholarly journals focused exclusively on travel and tourism, reflecting the worldwide importance of tourism, both economically and socially.
Published by SAGE, an international leader in social science and business publishing, JTR publishes the most current and influential scholarship on travel and tourism.
The Journal of Travel Research publishes state-of-the-art research on the most important trends and issues in travel and tourism. JTR offers an international and multidisciplinary perspective on the best development and management practices by publishing research which enhances knowledge of important travel and tourism phenomena. JTR thereby contributes to the development of theory which enables improvements in tourism development policy and strategy; managerial practice; economic, social and environmental outcomes; and education and training programs.
All manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Travel Research are double-blind, peer-reviewed by leading tourism scholars. The JTR editorial review board includes top tourism scholars identified on the basis of their current research and scholarly contributions.
This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
The mission of the Journal of Travel Research is to be the premier, peer-reviewed research journal focused on the business of travel and tourism development, management, marketing, economics and behavior. Given the multifaceted, multidisciplinary and multi-stakeholder character of the tourism economy, this focus implies a concern for both the public and private sector spheres of interest as well as economic, socio-cultural, political, environmental, legal, technological, and demographic issues. Specific goals are to be international in scope with geographic diversity, to be multidisciplinary with diversity in research topics and methodologies, and to be germane to the needs of the travel and tourism industry and its stakeholders.
All manuscripts published in the Journal of Travel Research are double-blind, peer-reviewed by accomplished scholars in the topical area. The standard for publication in the Journal of Travel Research is that a paper must make a substantive contribution, either theoretically or methodologically, to the travel and tourism research literature. Additionally, a paper should specify its contribution to pragmatic tourism management concerns and practice.
Published manuscripts must be on research of the highest standards, on topics of major significance and widespread interest, and relevant to the progress of this important global sector.
|Geoffrey I. Crouch||La Trobe University, Australia|
|Kathleen L. Andereck||Arizona State University West, USA|
|James F. Petrick||Texas A&M University, USA|
|Richard R. Perdue||Virginia Tech University, USA|
|Muzaffer Uysal||University of Massachusetts, USA|
|Graziano Abrate||University of Piemonte Orientale, Italy|
|Jorge Araña||Universidad de Las palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain|
|Albert Assaf||University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA|
|Guy Assaker||Lebanese American University, Lebanon|
|George Athanasopoulos||Monash University, Australia|
|Carla Barbieri||North Carolina State University, USA|
|Pierre Benckendorff||University of Queensland, Australia|
|Pietro Beritelli||University of St Gallen, Switzerland|
|David Bojanic||University of Texas, San Antonio, USA|
|Bynum Boley||University of Georgia, USA|
|Soyoung Boo||George Washington University, USA|
|Kelly Bricker||University of Utah, USA|
|Daniela Buzova||University of Valencia, Spain|
|Ganghua Chen||Sun Yat-sen University, China|
|Jason Chen||University of Surrey, UK|
|Choongbeom Choi||University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA|
|Scott Cohen||University of Surrey, UK|
|Shu Tian Cole||Indiana University, USA|
|Antónia Correia||Universidade Europeia, Portugal|
|Robertico Croes||University of Central Florida, USA|
|John Crotts||College of Charleston, USA|
|Giacomo Del Chiappa||University of Sassari, Italy|
|Marta Disegna||Bournemouth University, UK|
|Yuksel Ekinci||University of Portsmouth, UK|
|Statia Elliot||University of Guelph, Canada|
|David Fennell||Brock University, Canada|
|Paolo Figini||University of Bologna, Italy|
|Raffaele Filieri||Audencia Business School, France|
|Isabelle Frochot||Universite de Savoie, France|
|Jennifer Frost||Latrobe University, Australia|
|Rachel Fu||University of Florida, USA|
|Matthias Fuchs||Mid-Sweden University, Sweden|
|Jie Gao||San Jose State University, USA|
|Nancy Gard-McGehee||Virginia Tech, USA|
|Sarah Gardiner||Griffith University, Australia|
|Ulrike Gretzel||University of Southern California, USA|
|Ulrich Gunter||MODUL University, Austria|
|Daniel Guttentag||College of Charleston, USA|
|Kirstin Hallmann||German Sport University Cologne, Germany|
|Jin-Xing Hao||Beihang University, China|
|Sameer Hosany||Royal Holloway, University of London, UK|
|Cathy H. C. Hsu||Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China|
|Songshan (Sam) Huang||Edith Cowan University, Australia|
|Kam Hung||Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China|
|Twan Huybers||University of New South Wales, Australia|
|Ken Hyde||AUT University, New Zealand|
|Evan Jordan||Indiana University, USA|
|Alexander Josiassen||Copenhagen Business School, Denmark|
|Marion Karl||Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich, Germany|
|Dae-Young Kim||University of Missouri, USA|
|Jae-Eun Kim||University of Auckland, New Zealand|
|Jungkeun Kim||Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand|
|Peter Kim||Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand|
|Seongseop "Sam" Kim||Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China|
|Andrei Kirilenko||University of Florida, USA|
|Carol Kline||Appalachian State University, USA|
|Ljubica Kneževic||University of Ljubljana, Slovenia|
|Whitney Knollenburg||North Carolina State University, USA|
|Florian Kock||Copenhagen Business School, Denmark|
|Metin Kozak||Dokuz Eylül University, Turkey|
|Nada Kulendran||Victoria University, Australia|
|Patrick L'Espoir Decosta||Australian National University, Australia|
|Christian Laesser||University of St. Gallen, Switzerland|
|Kun Lai||Sun Yat-sen University, China|
|Rob Law||University of Macau, China|
|Jenny (Jiyeon) Lee||University of New South Wales, Australia|
|Timothy Lee||University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia|
|Patrick Legohérel||University of Angers, France|
|Laura Lesar||Flinders University, Australia|
|Michael Lever||University of Guelph, Canada|
|Maria Lexhagen||Mittuniversitetet, Sweden|
|Gang Li||University of Surrey, UK|
|Gang Li||Deakin University, Australia|
|Hengyun Li||Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China|
|Mimi Li||Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China|
|ShiNa Li||Sun Yat-sen University, China|
|Xiang (Robert) Li||Temple University, USA|
|Shanshan Lin||Zhejiang University, China|
|Stephen W. Litvin||College of Charleston, USA|
|Kevin Lyons||University of Newcastle, Australia|
|Judith Mair||University of Queensland, Australia|
|Yoel Mansfeld||University of Haifa, Israel|
|Marcello Mariani||University of Reading, UK|
|Lorenzo Masiero||The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong|
|Carla Massidda||University of Cagliari, Italy|
|Anna Mattila||Pennsylvania State University, USA|
|Fang Meng||University of South Carolina, USA|
|Tanja Mihalic||University of Ljubljana, Slovenia|
|Birgit Muskat||Australian National University, Australia|
|Sarah Nicholls||Swansea University, UK|
|Juan Nicolau||Virginia Tech, USA|
|Robin Nunkoo||University of Mauritius, Mauritius|
|Gyan Nyaupane||Arizona State University, USA|
|Irem Önder||MODUL University, Austria|
|Harmen Oppewal||Monash University, Austalia|
|Bing Pan||The Pennsylvania State University, USA|
|Sangwon Park||Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China|
|Mike Peters||University of Innsbruck, Austria|
|Nicolas Peypoch||University of Perpignan Via Domitia, France|
|Christoff Pforr||Curtin University, Australia|
|Girish Prayag||University of Canterbury, New Zealand|
|Nina Prebensen||University of Tromso, Norway|
|Haywantee Rumi Ramkissoon||University of Derby, UK|
|Arie Reichel||Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel|
|Manuel Alector Ribeiro||University of Surrey, UK|
|Brent Ritchie||University of Queensland, Australia|
|Carla A. Santos||University of Illinois, USA|
|Neelu Seetaram||Leeds Beckett University, UK|
|Tina Šegota||University of Greenwich, UK|
|Mojtaba Shahvali||Shiraz University, Iran|
|Marianna Sigala||University of South Australia, Australia|
|Egon Smeral||MODUL University Vienna, Austria|
|Wayne Smith||Ryerson University, Canada|
|Kevin Kam Fung So||Oklahoma State University, USA|
|Haiyan Song||Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China|
|Svetlana Stepchenkova||University of Florida, USA|
|Jason Stienmetz||MODUL University, Austria|
|Courtney Suess-Raeisinafchi||Texas A&M University, USA|
|Babak Taheri||Heriot Watt University, UK|
|Maree Thyne||University of Otago, New Zealand|
|Vincent Tung||Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China|
|Lindsay W. Turner||School of Applied Economics Victoria University, Australia|
|Natan Uriely||Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel|
|Giampaolo Viglia||University of Portsmouth, UK|
|Huy Quan Vu||Deakin University, Australia|
|Gabrielle Walters||University of Queensland, Australia|
|Dan Wang||Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China|
|Ying Wang||Griffith University, Australia|
|John Williams||University of Otago, New Zealand|
|Karl Wöber||MODUL University, Austria|
|IpKin Anthony Wong||Sun Yat-sen University, China|
|Emma Wood||Leeds Beckett University, UK|
|Kyle Woosnam||University of Georgia, USA|
|Doris Chenguang Wu||Sun Yat-sen University, China|
|Laurie Wu||Temple University, USA|
|Mao-Ying Wu||Zhejiang University, China|
|Zheng Xiang||Virginia Tech, USA|
|Honggen Xiao||Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China|
|Yang Yang||Temple University, USA|
|Emily Yeager||East Carolina University, USA|
|Anita Zehrer||MCI Management Center, Austria|
|Honglei Zhang||Nanjing University, China|
|Ye Zhang||Florida Atlantic University, USA|
|Bing Zuo||Sun Yat-sen University, China|
Manuscript Submission Guidelines:
The Journal of Travel Research publishes articles examining the business of travel and tourism development, management, marketing, economics and behavior. Its purpose is to serve as a medium through which those with research interests can exchange ideas and keep abreast of the latest theoretical, methodological and best practices research.
This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.
Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jotr to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned or rejected.
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of the Journal of Travel Research will be reviewed.
There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.
1. What do we publish?
1.1 Aims & Scope
Before submitting your manuscript to the Journal of Travel Research, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.
1.2 Article types
Three types of manuscripts can be submitted to the Journal of Travel Research.
1.2.1 Empirical Research Articles
The Journal of Travel Research encourages data-based articles which describe, explain, or predict a tourism phenomenon. Articles using quantitative, qualitative or mixed-methods data are encouraged. These articles should be “problem based”, focusing on a practical tourism development, management, marketing or economics problem. The standard for acceptance is that a paper must make a substantive theoretical and/or methodological contribution to the tourism research literature.
1.2.2 Foundations of Tourism Research Conceptual Articles
The Journal of Travel Research encourages the development of high-quality articles which are broadly conceptual with the goal of building theory and/or reviewing and evaluating the body of research in a substantive and important area. The goals of these papers should be improved conceptual clarity, holistic review of the current research, theory building and expansion, and innovation with forward looking outcomes that propose new opportunities and ideas. These articles may be wholly conceptual or conceptual/empirical with meta-analytic data. Authors of such articles must be invited, or commissioned by the Editor. Lead authors will be internationally leading experts in the field. Researchers who feel they may be in a position and have an interest in writing such an article must first contact the Editor directly with a detailed proposal (not a manuscript at this stage) including a detailed case as author demonstrating a leading international reputation and expertise to be able to write such an article. If the proposed article potentially meets the above goals and the author demonstrates a clear capacity to produce the article, the Editor will then invite the author(s) to proceed. Articles in this series will nevertheless be evaluated through the normal double-blind review process.
1.2.3 Letters to the Editor
The Journal of Travel Research encourages conversation. The purpose of these letters will be to provoke conversation, review our research endeavors, and commentary on our research problems, assumptions, methodologies and evaluation. Also included are comments about our publication process and expectations. Finally, constructive commentary concerning research publications is encouraged.
All Empirical Research Articles and Foundations of Tourism Research Conceptual Articles submitted to the Journal of Travel Research are first assessed by the Editor to determine their suitability for potential publication in JTR. Subsequently, selected manuscripts are then double-blind, peer reviewed by accomplished scholars in the topical area. Acceptance of Letters to the Editor will be the prerogative of the Editor. In all cases, the standard for publication in the Journal of Travel Research is that a paper must make a substantive theoretical and/or methodological contribution to the tourism research literature.
1.3 Writing your paper
The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice on how to get published, plus links to further resources.
1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.
1.4 Coronavirus (COVID-19) requirements for manuscripts
The almost omnipotent and omnipresent effect of COVID-19 on travel and tourism worldwide has fundamentally affected travel and tourism research. Inevitably there must therefore be a significant impact on the way in which travel and tourism research is conducted and reported. Consequently, manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Travel Research must not ignore the effect of COVID-19. For this reason, JTR has introduced some requirements which authors must address before submitting their manuscript. Please carefully read the following requirements, which come into effect after April 30, 2020, and ensure you have addressed these appropriately:
- The relevance and usefulness of research conducted pre-COVID-19 will, in general, have declined and in some cases may now be somewhat obsolete. How we make use of pre-COVID-19 research to inform post-COVID-19 research design and conduct must recognize this reality. A thorough review of the relevant literature is, of course, still required. But authors must now acknowledge and discuss the relevance and usefulness of this earlier research in light of COVID-19 developments.
- Researchers who have already collected or used pre-COVID-19 primary data (for this purpose, the date of January 31, 2020 or earlier is deemed appropriate), but are yet to finalise their analysis and complete the writing of their manuscript, must consider how they may need to address the effect of COVID-19 on their interpretations and conclusions for a post-COVID-19 travel and tourism world.
- For research involving the collection of data in part or in whole after January 31, 2020, depending on the research topic, aim and objectives, data that has been collected over time, during dramatically changing circumstances, will be difficult to analyse and interpret leading to potentially false assumptions and erroneous conclusions. For example, research dealing with aspects of the psychology of tourism consumer behaviour cannot ignore how tourism consumers are seeing the world differently on a daily basis. The design, analysis and writing of such research must not pretend this seismic change is irrelevant. Because research topics and circumstances vary so widely, it is not possible to provide prescriptive advice on how researchers must address these challenges, suffice to say that manuscript reviewers will want to clearly see and understand that authors have convincingly addressed such issues in their manuscripts.
- Given the profound effect of COVID-19 on travel and tourism, it is clear that there will soon emerge a tsunami of COVID19-related travel and tourism research. This, of course, will be totally appropriate. We already know the effect globally, nationally and regionally is enormous. Descriptive research which simply confirms what is already largely known is not very useful. Additionally, such descriptive research conducted prematurely while the pandemic is still changing the global travel and tourism environment is likely to be of quite limited value when findings will have only a short ‘shelf-life’. Waiting for the ‘dust to settle’ more before such measurement work is undertaken may be more sensible. While it might be useful to see some limited research which measures and describes the effect of COVID-19 on travel and tourism worldwide in order to set the scene for research on particular issues going forward, there is likely to be an overabundance of such repetitive, descriptive research – particularly research which describes COVID-19’s impact on travel and tourism in various countries or regions. JTR would be interested in publishing only a small portion of the best of such research. In many cases, authors might be better to seek publication of such research in journals with a distinct regional or national focus. Hence, when researchers are thinking about potential post-COVID-19 research topics, it would be most helpful if they reflected on this likelihood so that a) certain topics are not over-researched, and b) the research is not merely descriptive (the what) but is also explanatory (the why) and prescriptive (the how) thereby contributing to theory.
2. Editorial Policies
2.1 Peer review policy
All research articles follow a double-blind review process. Normally authors should learn of results from the first review within two to three months of submission. Members of the Editorial Board may submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will involve alternative members of the Board also on a double-blind basis, and the submitting Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.
2.2 Review criteria
As JTR is the leading journal in travel and tourism research, the standards for publication are very high. There are five criteria which determine whether a manuscript is suitable for publication, as follows:
- Relevant - the manuscript must be directly relevant to the stated aims and scope of the journal.
- Significant - the subject and outcomes of the research much make a significant important, and valuable contribution to travel and tourism knowledge and theory.
- Original - the research must be original, new, and leading-edge. Where a manuscript adds little to existing knowledge on a topic, JTR is not the right journal.
- Rigorous - the research design and methodology must be of a very high standard.
- Articulate - the manuscript must achieve a very high standard of English grammar and expression, and must communicate all important aspects of the research in a very clear manner.
JTR receives several hundred submissions per year. The page budget for the journal permits us to publish only a small portion of these (around 80 articles per year currently) and so the competition for a publication slot can be quite high. JTR is therefore unable to publish many of the manuscripts it receives. So to provide authors with some further guidance on the factors which have the greatest impact on manuscript acceptance/rejection, the following additional points may be helpful as a general guide. However, each manuscript is ultimately judged on its merits.
- JTR is not primarily a hospitality/hotel management, leisure and recreation management, or event management research journal. But JTR does publish some research which blends into these fields of research providing the focus of the research has a strong travel and tourism aim.
- JTR has a preference for publishing papers which are on the ‘leading edge of the wave’ or are breaking new and important ground that will become the foundation for interest in tourism research into the future. JTR seeks to lead travel and tourism research and to help shape the tourism research agenda rather than serving merely as a follower. Many studies are undertaken on topics for which there is already a major body of literature. JTR welcomes further research on these well-established research issues providing they lead to important, new results. This might occur if the research advances findings further into new important situations or helps to fill important gaps. It might also occur if the findings challenge orthodox assumptions and paradigms, or revolutionize knowledge on the issue. But if research on already heavily-researched issues simply adds yet one further similar study to the mix, JTR is unlikely to be interested in publishing the manuscript.
- JTR does not have a bias towards or away from any particular methodologies. What matters is whether the research is designed and executed well and the research topic is of significant interest. It is important to explain and justify why the selected methodology is the most appropriate from among the various approaches available, given the research aims and objectives.
- Many studies are undertaken with a focus on addressing a particular local situation or context. Unless the results from such studies have broader relevance, or unless the ‘context’ itself is of widespread interest, such research is unlikely to be publishable in JTR. The findings may indeed be of great interest and relevance to the local tourism sector. But if no one else finds the research outcomes to be worthwhile, JTR is probably not the right target journal.
- Minor English grammar and expression problems can be potentially addressed by the author through the manuscript review process but major problems will result in rejection. Only manuscripts with a high standard of English in the final manuscript version are publishable. It is always the author’s responsibility to ensure a high English standard.
- Finally, every manuscript is competing for a limited number of publications slots per year. So sometimes very good research can miss out on a place in JTR simply because there are other more deserving manuscripts.
Reviewers are asked to consider and assess each manuscript on a 5-point scale for each of the following 12 items:
- Is the topic directly relevant to the stated aims and scope of JTR?
- Does the research make a significant, important, and valuable contribution to travel and tourism knowledge and theory?
- Is the research substantially original, new, and leading-edge for publication in JTR?
- Is the research design and methodology rigorous and of a very high standard?
- Is research, through the presented manuscript, highly articulate? Does it contain a high standard of English grammar and expression and does it communicate the research in a very clear manner?
- Is the literature review appropriate, largely up-to-date and substantive?
- Is there a significant theoretical contribution to the literature?
- Is there a significant methodological contribution to the literature?
- Is the methodology sufficiently explained for future research to follow/replicate?
- Is there a contribution to applied tourism development / management practice?
- Are substantive conclusions made which clearly articulate important theoretical & methodological contributions?
- Are conclusions warranted?
All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.
2.3.1 Writing assistance
Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.
It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.
Please supply any personal acknowledgements for writing assistance separately to the main text on the title page only to facilitate anonymous peer review.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support. Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text and only as part of the title page to facilitate anonymous peer review.
2.4.1 Third party submissions
Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:
- Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
- Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
- Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.
Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.
The Journal of Travel Research requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. Funding details should be added to the title page only in order to facilitate the anonymous review process.
2.6 Declaration of conflicting interests
The Journal of Travel Research encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.
For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.
3. Preparing your manuscript for submission
3.1 Online submission system
Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided herein. The Journal of Travel Research (JTR) is hosted on SAGETRACK: a web-based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Please read the guidelines below, and then simply visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jotr to login and submit your article online.
Important note: If you are submitting to your journal via SAGE Track, please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online, please visit ScholarOne Online Help.
3.2 File formatting
The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.
Manuscripts are submitted as two or more files. The first file is the title page containing the manuscript title, author names, affiliations, any acknowledgments and declarations, and both postal and e-mail addresses. The other file(s) should contain no information which might reveal the identity of the authors. These files provide the body of the article including the title, abstract, text body, and references. Tables and figures may also be included in this file on separate pages at the end of the manuscript or uploaded as separate files.
3.3 Manuscript preparation
To be considered for publication in the Journal of Travel Research, manuscripts must meet the following standards:
- Everything is double spaced.
- Everything is left justified, with a ragged right-hand margin (no full justification)
- Format is one inch margins on all sides. Minimum print size is 12 point, except in tables and figures where 10 pt may be used.
- Manuscripts are submitted as two files: The cover page and the manuscript body.
- The cover page should include the manuscript title, ALL authors’ name, position, affiliation, address, telephone numbers, fax numbers, e-mail addresses, and any acknowledgements.
- The manuscript file should contain the title, abstract, 4 to 5 keywords, text, appendices, notes, references, each table, and each figure.
- Authors’ names are to appear only on the cover page. There should be nothing in the manuscript file that identifies the authors either by name or institution.
- Tables and figures are not to be embedded in the manuscript – each table and figure should be provided as a separate page at the end of the manuscript. Tags should be inserted in the manuscript indicating approximately where tables and figures should be located.
- Within the manuscript file, Title, Abstract and keywords should be on one page. After that, each section is to begin with a new page.
- Abstract is to be 150 words or less
- Manuscripts must be 10,000 words or less. This 10,000 word limit includes everything in the manuscript except the title, abstract, keywords, tables, figures and references. Due to page limitations and the desire to accommodate as many authors as possible, this should be considered a hard limit.
- American English spellings are used in all sections except references. SAGE Publications requires English translations of all reference citations.
- Endnotes are to be grouped on a separate page. There are to be no footnotes.
- All in-text citations should be included in the reference list, and all references should have in-text citations.
3.4 Reference style
The reference list is to follow the Journal’s style, The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed). While preparing the reference list, please do not truncate first names and change them to initials if the original source has the first names spelled out, in keeping with Chicago manual of Style. Further, the in-text citations can be set without a comma preceding the year, e.g., "Smith 1990" instead of "Smith, 1990" and the "pp." or "p." can be omitted when citing page numbers in the text, "Smith 1990, 23-24" instead of "Smith, 1990, pp. 23-24"
See the following examples:
3.4.1 Journal article
Agrusa, J., S. S. Kim, and K.-C.Wang. 2011. “Mainland Chinese Tourists to Hawaii: Their Characteristics and Preferences.” Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing 28:261–78.
3.4.2 Journal article with issue number
Beerli, A., and J. D. Martín. 2004. “Factors Influencing Destination Image.” Annals of Tourism Research 31 (3): 657–81.
Pallant, J. 2005. SPSS: Survival Manual. 2nd ed. New York: Open University Press.
3.4.5 Chapter in a multi-author, edited book
Butler, R. W., and B. Mao. 1995. “Tourism between Quasi-states: International, Domestic or What?” In Change in Tourism: People, Places, Processes, edited by R. W. Butler and D. G. Pearce, 92–113. London: Routledge.
3.4.6 Editor (instead of author) of a book
Butler, R. W., and D. G. Pearce, eds. 1995. Change in Tourism: People, Places, Processes. London: Routledge.
3.4.7 Book with author plus editor or translator
Garcia Marquez, Gabriel. 1988. Love in the Time of Cholera. Translated [or Edited] by Edith Grossman. London: Cape.
3.4.8 Dissertation (unpublished)
Beerli, A., and J. D. Martín. 2004. “Factors Influencing Destination Image.” PhD diss., University of California, Los Angeles.
Beerli, A., and J. D. Martín. 2004. “Factors Influencing Destination Image.” Master’s thesis, University of California, Los Angeles.
Beerli, A., and J. D. Martín. 2004. “Factors Influencing Destination Image.” Unpublished manuscript, last modified December 3, 2013. Microsoft Word file.
3.4.9 Paper presented at a symposium or annual meeting
Guthrie, John, and P. Gale. 1991. “Positioning Ski Areas—A Case Study: Central Otago, New Zealand.” Paper presented at the New Horizons in Tourism Conference, Calgary, Canada, March 10–14.
3.4.10 Journal article consulted online
Agrusa, J., S. S. Kim, and K.-C.Wang. 2011. “Mainland Chinese Tourists to Hawaii: Their Characteristics and Preferences.” Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing 28:261–78. doi:10.1086/525508.
For an article published online ahead of the official publication date, when the pagination may not be available, the posted publication date should be used, as follows:
Agrusa, J., S. S. Kim, and K.-C.Wang. 2011. “Mainland Chinese Tourists to Hawaii: Their Characteristics and Preferences.” Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing 28.Published online July 14.doi:10.1086/525508.
[The DOI can be replaced by a URL, but Chicago prefers the DOI as it applies to all media, print or electronic. Also, for formally published electronic sources, Chicago does not require access dates.]
3.4.11 Website content
Microsoft Corporation. 2006. “WD2000: Visual Basic Macro.” Revision 1.3.Microsoft Help and Support.Last modified November 23.http://support.microsoft.com/kb/212730
Lasar, Matthew. 2008. “FCC Chair Willing to Consecrate XM-Sirius Union.” ArsTechnnica (blog). June 16.http://arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20081006-fcc-chair-willing-to-conse...
McDonald, M. 2008. “Direct Flights between China and Taiwan Begin.” http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/15/news/15iht-15TAIWAN.18675854.html (accessed December 12, 2014).
IMF (International Monetary Fund). 2009. “World Economic Outlook. April 2009. Crisis and Recovery.”www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/01/pdf/text.pdf (accessed December 12, 2014).
3.4.13 Newspaper Article
3.5 English language editing services
Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.
3.6 Artwork, figures and other graphics
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines
Figures supplied in color will appear in color online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For specifically requested color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.
Figures are to be camera ready – they must appear exactly as they should in the journal. The Journal of Travel Research is published in black and white. Figures should be black and white with gray and pattern shading if necessary. Any color requirements for the printed manuscript version will incur a charge to the author(s).
Tables should not have cells or lines dividing the different elements. Preferably, each element should be separated by a tab.
3.7 Supplementary material
This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files
As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.
The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.
3.9 Information required for completing your submission
You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).
Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.
4. Manuscript revision requirements
To enable you to revise your manuscript so as to give it the best chances of reaching a successful outcome, please carefully read these guidelines and follow them meticulously. It is essential that you understand that the invitation to revise and resubmit a paper is not a commitment on the part of the Journal of Travel Research to eventually accept and publish the paper. Even if the author addresses the concerns raised in the initial review, the further review of the revised manuscript must determine whether the paper then meets the standards required for publication in JTR.
As you revise your paper for resubmission to the Journal of Travel Research, please make sure it meets the following guidelines. If the paper is ultimately accepted, you will receive the list of formatting requirements again with a “it must meet…” statement. It is critical that you take care to ensure you meet these requirements as it can save a great deal of your time and our time at the typesetting stage.
Please submit your revised paper via the Journal of Travel Research Manuscript Central process. It is important that the paper be submitted as a revision of your first submission. Specifically, this means it would be submitted under the same manuscript number and be treated both by Manuscript Central and by the Editorial Office as a revised paper. This will result in a much faster review process.
Include with your submission a supplementary file indicating how the paper has been revised relative to the substantive comments made by the reviewers of the original version as well as any additional comments or requirements indicated by the Editor as contained in the decision email. It is important that this file be submitted together with the revised manuscript so that it can be forwarded it to the reviewers. This paper must explain how the authors have addressed the concerns raised in the initial review. Subsequent reviews focus specifically on this response. When you finish with your resubmission, you can review a pdf file of the complete submission – make sure the supplementary file is included. Also, since it is potentially going back to the reviewers, please be sure not to include your name or identity in the supplementary file.
To create this supplementary file you should:
- Cut and paste all comments by each reviewer, as well any requirements indicated by the Editor in the decision email.
- For each substantive comment, provide a detailed explanation and justification of your response.
- Your response to each comment should clearly indicate whether or not a change has occurred in the manuscript and, if so, what that change is and precisely where it can be found.
- If you are in disagreement with the reviewer comments or suggestions, or prefer an alternative approach to address an issue they have raised, this is quite acceptable. However, in such cases, you need to discuss and explain your views and justify your preferred approach either not to change the manuscript, or to change it in a different manner. Again, any change should be clearly explained and its location in the manuscript specified.
Attending to these points adequately will significantly benefit the further review of revised manuscripts.
In addition to responding to the reviewer comments, it is important to make sure the paper is current in its review of the literature. Often the manuscript process, from inception to completion, can take many months. It is important that, during each revision process, you update the review of literature, including, as appropriate, how this paper fits within the related papers published in the tourism literature and JTR over the past few years. Please also make sure to check for relevant manuscripts in the JTR Online First (http://jtr.sagepub.com/content/early/recent) listing as that is the most current papers that will be published in advance of your paper.
5. On acceptance and publication
5.1 SAGE Production
Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.
5.2 Online First publication
Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.
5.3 Access to your published article
SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.
5.4 Promoting your article
Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.
6. Publishing Policies
6.1 Publication ethics
SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway
The Journal of Travel Research and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
6.1.2 Prior publication
If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.
6.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway
6.3 Open access and author archiving
The Journal of Travel Research offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information on Open Access publishing options at SAGE please visit SAGE Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.
7. Further information
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Editor at Geoffrey.Crouch@latrobe.edu.au.