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Small Group Research

Small Group Research

An International Journal of Theory, Investigation, and Application

eISSN: 15528278 | ISSN: 10464964 | Current volume: 55 | Current issue: 3 Frequency: Bi-monthly

Meeting Your Needs

A leader in the field, Small Group Research: An International Journal of Theory, Investigation and Application offers you the latest research, theory and empirically supported applications. Small Group Research is devoted to increasing communication among specialists who, like yourself, are interested in the systematic study of small groups and small group phenomena.


Taking an interdisciplinary approach, the journal addresses and connects three vital areas of study:

  • The psychology of small groups
  • Communication within small groups
  • Organizational behavior of small groups

Small Group Research offers research and comprehensive theory relating to all types of groups, such as:

  • Intact Work Groups
  • Family Groups
  • Mixed-Profession Groups
  • Self-Help Groups
  • Groups in Educational Settings
  • Social Work Groups 
  • Teams 
  • Experimental and Laboratory Groups 
  • Therapy and Treatment Groups

You'll find complete theoretical coverage of:

  • Conflict Management
  • Social Perception
  • Team Productivity 
  • Team Building 
  • Group Decision Making 
  • Mediation 
  • Group Cohesiveness 
  • Status Generalization
  • Group Development 
  • Network Analysis

In-Depth Coverage

Small Group Research
occasionally supplements its broad coverage with in-depth studies of critical topics. These Special Issues are guest-edited by experts in the field, providing a balanced analysis of the subject at hand.

"Small Group Research gives me a single source for keeping up with the small group field. I find that the articles cover topics very much along the lines of my own interests. The Special Issues are particularly noteworthy" James G. Stenler Associate Dean, University of Portland

Small Group Research is an international and interdisciplinary journal presenting research, theoretical advancements, and empirically supported applications with respect to all types of small groups. Through advancing the systematic study of small groups, this journal seeks to increase communication among all who are professionally interested in group phenomena.

Dennis Kivlighan University of Maryland, USA
Lyn Van Swol University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Associate Editors
Bret H. Bradley University of Oklahoma, USA
Bertolt Meyer Technical University Chemnitz, Germany
Editorial Board
Paul Hangsan Ahn University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Joseph A. Allen University of Utah, USA
Raquel Asencio Purdue University, USA
Daniel G. Bachrach University of Alabama, USA
Michael R. Baumann University of Texas at San Antonio, USA
Stephenson J. Beck North Dakota State University, USA
Wendy Bedwell The University of Memphis, USA
Kristin Behfar London Business School, UK
Erich Bergiel University of West Georgia, USA
Lucy Betts Nottingham Trent University, UK
Katerina Bezrukova University at Buffalo, USA
Torsten Biemann University of Mannheim, Germany
Laura W. Black Ohio University, USA
Anita Lynn Blanchard University of North Carolina, Charlotte, USA
Joseph A. Bonito University of Arizona, USA
Bryan Bonner University of Utah, USA
Bret H. Bradley University of Oklahoma, USA
Aaron M. Brower University of Wisconsin Extended Campus, USA
Kyle Brykman University of Windsor, Canada
Michael Josef Burtscher Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Switzerland
Jin Wook Chang Korea University, South Korea
Yunhyung Chung University of Idaho, USA
Mark Clark American University, USA
Alexandra (Sasha) Cook University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Chris Dakes University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
Jeremy Dawson Sheffield University, UK
Eric Anthony Day University of Oklahoma, USA
Simon De Jong Maastricht University, Netherlands
Vanessa Druskat University of New Hampshire, USA
Kyle Emich University of Delaware, USA
Mark Eys Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Jennifer Feitosa Claremont McKenna University, Canada
Colin M. Fisher University College London, UK
Charles D. Garvin University of Michigan, USA
Josette Gevers Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands
Kenneth T. Goh Singapore Management University, Singapore
Martin Götz University of Zurich, Switzerland
Lisa Handke FAU Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany
Sarah Harvey University College London, UK
Verlin B. Hinsz North Dakota State University, USA
Andrew Ishak Santa Clara University, USA
Michele Jackson College of William and Mary, USA
Alan R. Johnson Nord University, Norway
Aimee Kane Duquesne University, USA
Steve Karau Southern Illinois University, USA
Tal Katz-Navon Reichman University, Israel
Shannon Kerwin Brock University, Canada
Richard Kettner-Polley Global Synergy University, USA
Joann N. Keyton North Carolina State University, USA
D. Martin Kivlighan University of Iowa, USA
Florian Klonek Deakin University, Australia
Tine Köhler University of Melbourne, Australia
Florian Kunze University of Konstanz, Germany
Jonathan A. Kush University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, USA
Kyle Lewis University of California- Santa Barbara, USA
Gaetano Roman Lotrecchiano George Washington University, USA
Robert Lount Ohio State University, USA
Mark Macgowan Florida International University, USA
Randy H. Magen Boise State University, USA
Mary M. Maloney University of St. Thomas, USA
Poppy Lauretta McLeod Cornell University, USA
Jamie McMinn Westminster University, USA
Annika L. Meinecke University of Hamburg, Germany
Julija Mell Erasmus University, Netherlands
Abby Mello Towson University, USA
Bertolt Meyer Technical University Chemnitz, Germany
Thomas O'Neill University of Calgary, Canada
John G. Oetzel The University of Waikato, New Zealand
Yohsuke Ohtsubo University of Tokyo, Japan
Esther Jihyun Paik Texas Christian University, USA
Susannah Paletz University of Maryland, USA
Ernest Park Grand Valley State University, USA
Emily Paskewitz University of Tennessee-Knoxville, USA
Paul Paulus The University of Texas at Arlington, USA
Tuck Pescosolido University of New Hampshire, USA
Andrew Pilny University of Kentucky, USA
David Pincus Chapman University, USA
Jane Prichard University of Southhampton, UK
Anneloes Raes University of Navarra, Spain
Torsten Reimer Purdue University, USA
Hong Ren University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA
Charles D. Samuelson University of Oslo, Norway
Cliff W. Scott University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA
Valeria I. Sessa Montclair State University, USA
Priti Pradhan Shah University of Minnesota, USA
Marissa Shuffler Clemson University, USA
Endre Sjøvold Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
Christine M Smith Grand Valley State University, USA
Kim K. Smith St. Norbert College
Paul R. Smokowski University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Anit Somech University of Haifa, Israel
Chester S. Spell Rutgers University, USA
Trevor M. Spoelma University of New Mexico
Murat Tarakci Erasmus University, Netherlands
Melissa Thomas-Hunt University of Virginia, USA
Gergana Todorova California State University, Fullerton, USA
Eric Donald Wesselmann Illinois State University, USA
Jessica Wildman Florida Institute of Technology, USA
Kevyn Yong Singapore Institute of Management, Singapore
Kay Yoon University of Colorado-Colorado Springs, USA
Alaina C. Zanin Arizona State University, USA
  • Applied Social Sciences Index & Abstracts (ASSIA)
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  • NISC
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  • Personnel Management Abstracts
  • ProQuest: CSA Sociological Abstracts
  • PsycINFO
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  • Psychological Abstracts
  • Research into Higher Education Abstracts
  • Scopus
  • Social SciSearch
  • Social Sciences Citation Index (Web of Science)
  • Social Services Abstracts
  • Social Work Abstracts
  • Standard Periodical Directory (SPD)
  • TOPICsearch - Ebsco
  • This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    Please read the guidelines below, then visit the submission site for Small Group Research here: to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Small Group Research will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. Article types

    SGR invites manuscripts on a wide variety of groups and teams and their relevant issues. We especially seek research conducted from interdisciplinary perspectives. We also seek review papers that summarize and synthesize emerging areas within the field. Submissions should make contributions in theory, method, and/or practice. SGR is not restricted to a particular theoretical or methodological stance. We remind authors that both the journal’s review board and general readership are interdisciplinary and international; authors are encouraged to consider this in developing and writing their manuscripts.

    SGR prefers to receive manuscripts in which data are collected about groups and from all group members. When data are missing, authors should clearly describe how missing data were handled, and the implication of missing data on interpretation. Data collected from individuals in groups and analyzed at the individual level can be submitted; however, authors should clearly identify the study’s contribution to the study of groups.

    SGR encourages authors to state the purpose of the manuscript and study in the introduction in a brief and meaningful manner. Literature reviews should be analytical as well as descriptive. To aid the ease of reading, authors are encouraged to examine long lists of citations for recency and relevance. If possible, limit citation strings to three most relevant and recent entries following the abbreviation “e.g.,”

    SGR uses APA (7th edition) style and formatting. The entire manuscript should be double-spaced (including the references), 1” margins, and in Times New Roman 12 point. Please include a title of no more than 12 words, and an abstract of no more than 100 words. SGR uses double-anonymized review; please do not include identifying information in the manuscript (e.g., revealing information in the method section or notes). If your work is published and it is cited in a submission, there is no need to hide or anonymize that reference.

    Manuscripts should not exceed 30 pages, excluding references, figures, and tables. We encourage authors to present their papers in a concise and clear manner.

    2. Editorial policies
    2.1 Peer review policy

    SGR adheres to a rigorous double-anonymized reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

    Peer Review Process: At least two referees review each manuscript. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, and an editorial decision is generally reached within 6 to 8 weeks of submission.

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is typically listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis. Please note that all authors will be required to include their ORCID iD upon submission.

    Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.3.1 Third party submissions

    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    • Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
    • Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
    • Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.3.2 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services. Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review

    2.4 Funding

    SGR requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    SGR encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    3. Publishing policies
    3.1 Publication ethics
    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    SGR and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive license agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and license to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    SGR offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

    3.4 Permissions
    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    3.5 Acknowledgement of datasets

    If your manuscript presents data being used for multiple reports or publications, the following three steps are required:

    1. In your cover letter, notify the editors if the manuscript presents data from a dataset that has been used or is currently being used in another report or publication, or that may be used for a report or publication that you plan to submit for publication within one year of your manuscript submission to Small Group Research.
    2. Include a data table (see, for example: at the time of submission.
    3. Use a blind citation for the dataset if other publications or other academic documents use the same dataset.

    Doing so will allow the editors to evaluate if the submitted manuscript represents a new contribution.

    4. Preparing your manuscript
    4.1 Word processing formats

    Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 1” for left and right hand margins and 1” at head and foot. Text should be standard 12 point. A Word template is available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures, and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines .

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, images, worksheets, etc.) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review in conjunction with the article. For more information, please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files, which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page.

    4.4 Journal layout

    SGR conforms to the SAGE house style. View the SAGE UK House Style guidelines.

    4.5 Reference style

    SGR adheres to the APA reference style. View the APA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style. If you use software to manage citations and reference list, please turn this software off on the document before submitting the manuscript.

    4.6 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    5. Submitting your manuscript
    5.1 How to submit your manuscript

    SGR is hosted on SAGE Track, a web-based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login* and submit your article online.

    *Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.2 Title, keywords, and abstracts

    Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    5.2 Corresponding author contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic, or professional, affiliations and a working email address are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    6. On acceptance and publication
    6.1 SAGE production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    6.2 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.3 Online publication

    Online First allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a final journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our Online First Fact Sheet.

    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the SGR editorial office as follows:

    Please contact Co-Editors Dennis Kivlighan (email) or Lyn Van Swol (email).

    SAGE Choice

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to nonsubscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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