Social Change publishes empirically-grounded analytical papers, theoretical essays and policy discussions in the field of social change and development. This multi-disciplinary, quarterly journal has a global readership among academia, social movements, NGOs and policy makers. We invite contributions from eminent thinkers and researchers as well as young, innovative writers from India and abroad.This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Social Change, an interdisciplinary social science journal started in 1971, carries research papers, perspective essays and commentaries devoted to issues of social change and development in India, as well as Asia, Africa and Latin America, though not excluding relevant studies from Europe and North America. Its book reviews and review articles, covering publications from India and abroad, reflect on trends in scholarly thought in the global realm.
Even though the journal devotes considerable attention to publishing articles on the Indian development experience, it values global scholarship on social change. An international Editorial Board of eminent experts is actively involved in helping the journal to pursue its goals. Regular contributions from foreign scholars and an expanding global readership testify to this.
Sponsored by the Council for Social Development, the journal aims to analyse and assess ideas, policies and practices concerning the interests of marginalised groups. Social, economic, cultural and political dimensions of social change, especially in relation to changing conditions of social groups, are of interest to the journal. Issues of social development, especially health, education, social welfare, environment, urbanisation, migration, displacement, rural problems and human rights are particularly sought after areas. Articles on the rights of women, children, disabled, minorities, marginal farmers and unorganised workers are especially welcome. Through its periodic special thematic issues the journal attempts to capture the current state of academic discourse.
Social Change is a double-anonymised, refereed journal and seeks to maintain high standards of serious scholarship. It tries to ensure that empirically grounded contributions are theoretically informed and theoretical and policy essays are rooted in empirical evidence.
The quarterly journal, currently celebrating its Golden Jubilee, has a global readership among academia, social movements, NGOs and policymakers. Contributions are welcome from eminent thinkers and researchers as well as young, writers from India and abroad.
|Riaz Ahmad||Council for Social Development and University of Delhi, New Delhi, India|
|Malvika Kaul||Council for Social Development, New Delhi, India|
|Susmita Mitra||Council for Social Development, New Delhi, India|
|Gurmeet Kaur||Council for Social Development, New Delhi, India|
|Monica Bruckmann||Federal Flomenance University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|Muchkund Dubey||Council for Social Development, New Delhi, India|
|Gopal Guru||Economic & Political Weekly and Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India|
|Barbara Harriss-White||University of Oxford, Oxford, UK|
|Rounaq Jahan||University of Dhaka, Dhaka and Columbia University, New York, USA|
|Mark Juergensmeyer||University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, USA|
|Kalpana Kannabiran||Council for Social Development, New Delhi, India|
|Manoranjan Mohanty||Council for Social Development, New Delhi, India|
|Nitya Nanda||Council for Social Development, New Delhi, India|
|Deepak Nayyar||Council for Social Development and Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India|
|Imrana Qadeer||Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India|
|Ma Rong||Peking University, Beijing, China|
|K B Saxena||Council for Social Development, New Delhi, India|
|Mohamed Seedat||University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa|
|Kian Tajbakhsh||Social Scientist, Teheran, Iran|
|Jandhyala B G Tilak||Council for Social Development, New Delhi, India|
|Virginius Xaxa||University of Delhi, New Delhi, India|
|S Akbar Zaidi||Social Scientist, Karachi, Pakistan|
This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics
Manuscripts and all editorial correspondence should be submitted to the Editor, Social Change at firstname.lastname@example.org
Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Social Change will be reviewed.
There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal. Open Access options are available - see section 3.3 below.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere.
If you have any questions about publishing with Sage, please visit the Sage Journal Solutions Portal.
Before submitting your manuscript to Social Change, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.
Full-fledged papers may be of 5,000 to 8,000 words. Brief write-ups of 1,000 to 3000 words (research reports, commentaries, theoretical notes, and data-based profiles) may also be sent; these will be considered for inclusion in sections titled Commentary and Perspectives & Documents. Responses to an article published in Social Change will be considered for inclusion in the section titled Discussion.
There is no limit on the number of references allowed.
The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.
1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.
Social Change adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.
All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.
If the named authors for a manuscript change at any point between submission and acceptance, an Authorship Change Form must be completed and digitally signed by all authors (including any added or removed) . An addition of an author is only permitted following feedback raised during peer review. Completed forms can be uploaded at Revision Submission stage or emailed to the Journal Editorial Office contact (listed on the journal’s manuscript submission guidelines). All requests will be moderated by the Editor and/or Sage staff.
Important: Changes to the author by-line by adding or deleting authors are NOT permitted following acceptance of a paper.
Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.
2.3.1 Writing assistance
Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.
Social Change requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Social Change encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the Sage Journal Author Gateway
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.
The journal is committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research, and has the following research data sharing policy. For more information, including FAQs please visit the Sage Research Data policy pages.
Subject to appropriate ethical and legal considerations, authors are encouraged to:
- share your research data in a relevant public data repository
- include a data availability statement linking to your data. If it is not possible to share your data, we encourage you to consider using the statement to explain why it cannot be shared.
- cite this data in your research
Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway.
Social Change and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
3.1.2 Prior publication
If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.
Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway.
Social Change offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.
The preferred format for your manuscript is MS-Word.
The manuscript must include the following:
- Cover page, showing title of the paper, name of author, author’s affiliation and institutional address with pin code, email id and a 100–150 word abstract. Authors’ names and references should not be used in the text in order to keep authors’ anonymity (e.g., ‘as the author has written elsewhere’ should be avoided). In case there are two or more authors, then corresponding author’s name and address details must be clearly specified on the first page itself.
- Text should start on a new page and must not contain the names of authors.
- Mathematical formulae, methodological details etc. should be given separately as an appendix, unless their mention in the main body of the text becomes essential.
For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation. Tables should be provided in editable format. Both tables and figures should be referred to in the text by number separately (e.g., Table 1) not by placement (e.g., see Table below).
All figures and tables should be cited in the text and should have the source (a specific URL, a reference or, if it is author’s own work, ‘The author(s)’) mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions.
- The language and spellings used should be British (UK), with ‘s’ variant, for example, globalisation instead of globalization, programme instead of program. For non-English and uncommon words and phrases, use italics throughout the text. Meaning of non-English words should be given in parentheses just after the word when it is used for the first time.
- Articles should use non-sexist and non-racist language.
- Spell out numbers from one to nine, 10 and above to remain in figures. However, for exact measurement (e.g., China’s GDP growth rate 9.8 per cent) use numbers. Very large round numbers, especially sums of money, may be expressed by a mixture of numerals and spelled-out numbers (India’s population 1.2 billion). Follow thousand, million, billion number metric system. Use crore instead of crores in exceptions.
- Single quotes should be used throughout. Double quote marks are to be used within single quotes. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed. Quotations of 45 words or more should be separated from the text.
- Notes should be numbered serially and presented at the end of article. Notes must contain more than a mere reference. However, mere URLs may be incorporated in the endnotes. Use notes to elaborate an issue that is already made in the main text.
- Use ‘per cent’ instead of % in the text. In tables, graphs, etc., % can be used. Use ‘twentieth century’, ‘the 1990s’.
- Social Change does not encourage frequent use of capital letters. They should be used selectively and consistently. Only the first word of title and subtitle should start with capitals. Although proper names are capitalised, many words derived from or associated with proper names, as well as the names of significant offices are lowercased. While the names of ethnic, religious and national groups are capitalised (the Muslims, the Gurkhas, the Germans), designations based loosely on colour (black people) and terms denoting socio-economic classes or groups (the middle class, the dalits, the adivasis, the african-american) are lowercased. All caste, tribe and community names (the Santhals, the Jatavs) are to be capitalised but generic terms (the kayasths) are to be lower cased. Civil, military, religious, and professional titles (the president) and institutions (the parliament, the united nations) are to be put in lower case, but names of organisations (the Labour Party, the Students Federation of India) are to be capitalised. The names of political tendencies (the marxists, the socialists) should remain in lower case. All generic terms must not be in caps. Some examples are: African american will be in caps as will kayasthya. However bania will not be in caps and nor should be brahmin. marxists, gandhian, maoists also should be in upper case.
- The spelling of the following words should be: Targetted, benefiftted, focussed, Northeast, neoliberal, government, Government of India.
- Abbreviations are spelled out at first occurrence. Very common ones (US, GDP, BBC) need not be spelled out. Also, do not use period/full stop in abbreviations (USA, USSR).
- Give specific dates in the form 22 November 1980. Decades should be referred to as ‘twentieth century’, ‘1980s’.
References should come at the end of the manuscript.
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.
- Figures, including maps, graphs and drawings, should not be larger than page size. They should be numbered and arranged as per their references in the text. All photographs and scanned images should have a resolution of minimum 300 dpi and 1,500 pixels and their format should be TIFF or JPEG.
- Due permissions should be taken for copyright protected photographs/images. Even for photographs/images available in the public domain, it should be clearly ascertained whether or not their reproduction requires permission for purposes of publishing (which is a profit-making endeavour).
- All photographs/scanned images should be provided separately in a folder along with the main article.
Please Note: All figures and tables should be cited in the text and should have the source (a specific URL, a reference or, if it is author’s own work, ‘The Author’) mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions
Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Sage after receipt of your accepted article.
This Journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplemental files.
Social Change adheres to the APA reference style. View the APA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.
- References: A consolidated listing of all books, articles, essays, theses and documents referred to (including any referred to in the tables, graphs and maps) should be provided at the end of the article.
- Arrangement of references: Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work. In each reference, authors’ names are inverted (last name first) for all authors (first, second or subsequent ones).
- Chronological listing: If more than one work by the same author(s) is cited, they should be listed in order by the year of publication, starting with the earliest.
- Sentence case: In references, sentence case (only the first word and any proper noun are capitalized—e.g., ‘The software industry in India’) is to be followed for the titles of papers, books, articles, etc.
- Title case: In references, Journal titles are put in title case (first letter of all words except articles and conjunctions are capitalized—e.g., Journal of Business Ethics).
- Italicize: Book and Journal titles are to be italicized.
Manuscripts and all editorial correspondence should be submitted to the Editor, Social Change at email@example.com
Authors will be provided with a copyright form once the contribution is accepted for publication. The submission will be considered as final only after the filled-in and signed copyright form is received. In case there are two or more authors, the corresponding author needs to sign the copyright form.
You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and provided any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).
Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway.
Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.
Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.
Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.
Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Social Change editorial office as follows:
The Editors, Social Change.
Telephone: 011 24615383