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Law and Society

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October 2014 | 592 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Law and Society offers a contemporary yet concise description of the structure and function of legal institutions, along with a lively discussion of both criminal and civil law, as well as basic legal doctrine. Unlike comparable books on law and society available today, Matthew Lippman takes an interdisciplinary approach to integrate distinctive coverage of diversity, inequality, and globalism through an organized theme in a strong narrative. This practical and invigorating text provides readers with a better understanding of the connection between law and society and the impact recent literature on crime, justice, international human rights, and law has had to promote that connection.
 
Preface
 
CHAPTER 1: AN INTRODUCTION TO LAW AND SOCIETY
An Introduction to Law and Society  
Definitions of Law  
Norms, Mores, and Folkways  
Approaches to Defining Law  
Summary of Definitions of Law  
Families of Law  
The Common Law  
The Civil Law Tradition  
The Socialist Legal Tradition  
The Islamic Legal Tradition  
International Law  
The Functions of Law  
Dispute Resolution  
Social Change  
The Disfunctions of Law  
The Study of Law  
The Study of Legal Doctrine  
The Study of Jurisprudence  
Law and Society  
Two Perspectives on Law and Society  
A Consensus Perspective  
A Conflict Perspective  
 
CHAPTER 2: THEORIES OF LAW AND JUSTICE
Legal Systems  
Natural Law  
Legal Positivism  
Utilitarianism  
The Categorical Imperative  
Historical School  
Classical Sociological Theorists  
Legal Realism  
Sociological Jurisprudence  
Functionalism  
Legal Behavioralism  
Libertarianism  
Critical Legal Studies  
Critical Race Theory  
Feminist Jurisprudence  
 
CHAPTER 3: THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF COURTS, LEGISLATURES, AND ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES
Courts and Conflict Resolution  
The Development of Federal Courts  
The Structure of the Judicial System  
Judicial Gatekeeping  
The Jurisdiction of Federal Courts  
Federal District Courts’  
Federal Courts of Appeal  
The U.S. Supreme Court  
The Background of Supreme Court Judges  
Judicial Review  
The Supreme Court and Congress  
The Organization of State Courts  
State Courts of Limited Jurisdiction  
State Courts of General Jurisdiction  
State Appellate Courts  
State Supreme Courts  
State Judicial Selection  
How Judges Decide Disputes  
Legislation  
The Constitutional Role of the Legislature  
The Function of the Legislature  
Interest Groups and Lobbyists  
Administrative Agencies  
The Legal Basis of Administrative Agencies  
Controlling Administrative Decision-Making  
Administrative Agencies and Regulated Industries  
Administrative Regulation of Sexual Harassment on Campus  
Law Enforcement  
A Profile of the Police  
State and Local Police  
Federal Law Enforcement  
Private Security  
International Perspective: The United Nations System  
 
CHAPTER 4: THE LEGAL PROFESSION
Perspectives on the Legal Profession  
The Historical Development of the English Legal Profession  
The Growth of the American Legal Profession  
The Early Years  
The Middle Years  
The Contemporary Legal Profession  
The American Bar Association  
The Contemporary Legal Profession  
Solo Practitioners and Small Firm Lawyers  
Large Corporate Law Firms  
Government Lawyers  
In-House Corporate Counsel  
Women Lawyers  
African-American Lawyers  
Professional Satisfaction  
International Perspective on the Legal Profession in China  
 
CHAPTER 5: LAW SCHOOLS, ACCESS TO JUSTICE, AND LEGAL ETHICS
Admission to Law School  
The Law School Experience  
Admission to the Bar  
Lawyers, Clients, and Access to Justice  
Advertising  
Contingent Fee  
Legal Service Plans  
Meeting the Legal Needs of the Poor  
Pro Bono  
Cause Lawyers  
Self-Representation  
Ethics Complaints  
International Perspective on Legal Education  
 
CHAPTER 6: DISPUTE RESOLUTION
Stages of Disputing  
Methods of Dispute Resolution  
Preconditions for Adjudication  
Social Influences on Disputing  
American Attitudes Towards the Law  
The Debate Over Litigation in America  
Alternative Dispute Resolution  
A History of Alternative Dispute Resolution  
International Perspective: Gacaca Courts in Rwanda  
 
CHAPTER 7: CRIMINAL COURTS
The Adversarial Trial  
Crime Control and Due Process  
Defense Attorneys  
Indigent Defense  
Prosecutor  
Prosecutors and The Dismissal Of Cases  
The Grand Jury  
Plea Bargaining  
The Development of Plea Bargaining  
Working Groups  
The Mutuality of Advantage in Plea Bargaining  
International Perspective Inquisitorial Legal Systems  
 
CHAPTER 8: JURIES
The Jury in Criminal Cases  
The Development of The American Jury  
Jury Decision-Making  
Judges and Juries  
Jury Nullification  
Jury Selection  
Social Science and Jury Selection  
The Jury and The Death Penalty  
Sentencing  
Types of Sentences  
Factors in Sentencing  
Sentencing Reform and Three Strikes Laws  
Wrongful convictions  
International Perspective The International Criminal Court  
 
CHAPTER 9: LAW AND SOCIAL CONTROL
Informal and Formal Social Control  
Legal Controls  
Criminal Penalties  
Deterrence  
Requirements for Deterrence  
General Deterrence  
Evaluating General Deterrence  
Types of Crime and Genera Deterrence  
Specific Deterrence  
The Ethics of Deterrence  
Capital Punishment  
Executions  
The Application of the Death Penalty  
Public Opinion and the Death Penalty  
The Debate Over Capital Punishment  
Capital Punishment and Deterrence  
International Perspectives on Capital Punishment  
Victimless Crimes  
Prostitution  
Gambling  
White Collar Crime  
International Perspective: Genocide  
 
CHAPTER 10: THE IMPACT OF LAW ON SOCIETY
The Impact of Society on the Law  
Law as the Cause of Social Change  
Compliance, Rejection and Evasion of the Law  
Courts and Social Change  
School Integration  
Abortion  
Same-Sex Marriage  
The Impact of Law on Criminal Justice  
Interrogations and Confessions  
Prison Reform  
Law and Social Movements  
Civil Disobedience and Social Change  
The International Law of Human Rights  
FGM and the Implementation of International Human Rights  
 
CHAPTER 11: LAW AND RACIAL AND ETHNIC INEQUALITY
Critical Race Theory  
Driving While Black (DWB) and Racial Profiling  
Race and Stand Your Ground Laws  
Race and the War on Drugs  
Mass Incarceration and Crack Cocaine  
Race and Crack Cocaine  
Hate Crimes  
The Color of Immigration Law  
The Cultural Defense  
International Perspective: Global Sex Trafficking  
 
CHAPTER 12: INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL CRIME
The Evolution of the International Law of Human Rights  
The United Nations and Human Rights  
The United Nations Human Rights System  
Domestic Enforcement of International Human Rights  
Conflicting Perspectives on International Human Rights  
Domestic Courts and Human Rights  
U.S. Congressional Statutes on International Human Rights  
Child Soldiers and the Humanitarian Law of War  
Corporations and Human Rights  
Drones and Counter-Terrorism  
Torture and Crimes Against Humanity  
The United States and Enhanced Interrogation  
 
CHAPTER 13: PRIVACY AND SURVEILLANCE
Does Privacy Matter  
A Brief History of The Law of Privacy  
The Law of Privacy  
Intimate Relationships  
Reproductive Rights  
Personal Information  
Searches and Seizures  
Statutory Protections  
The Constitutional Right To Privacy  
The Panopticon Society  
Governmental Surveillance  
Private Sector On-Line Data Collection  
Identity Theft  
Cybercrime  
A Digital Constitution  
Drug Testing  
DNA  
Fingerprints and Biometric Identification  
International Perspective: Internet Surveillance  
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Author

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

 Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • A Respondus electronic test bank is available and can be used on PCs. The test bank contains multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter and provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding. Respondus is also compatible with many popular learning management systems so you can easily get your test questions into your online course.
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course. Highlight essential content, features, and artwork from the book.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help with preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for use when creating the syllabi for your courses.
  • Complete answers to all “You Decide” boxes within the text.
  • Each chapter includes author podcast links that cover the important topics within the text.
  • Carefully selected, video links feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Student Study Site

     The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

    • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards reinforce understanding of key terms and concepts that have been outlined in the chapters.
    • Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.
    • Each chapter includes author podcast links that cover the important topics within the text.
    • Carefully selected, video links feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
    • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide your interpretation.

    A good read but not instrumental to our course

    Ms Lorna Harris
    Hillsborough College, Sheffield College
    September 5, 2016

    The content is relevant to the course objectives

    Mr Andrew Hicks
    Faculty of Social Sciences/Department of Sociology, University of Guyana
    October 21, 2015

    Sample Materials & Chapters

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    ISBN: 9781412987547
    £67.00