Newspaper Research Journal
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Newspaper Research Journal


Co-Editors
Sandra H. Utt University of Memphis, USA
Elinor Kelley Grusin University of Memphis, USA


eISSN: 23764791 | ISSN: 07395329 | Current volume: 37 | Current issue: 4 Frequency: Quarterly

Newspaper Research Journal (NRJ) is a refereed journal published quarterly that reaches thousands of journalism students, scholars and media professionals in the United States and internationally.

Founded in 1979, NRJ comprehensively answers questions about U.S. and international newspaper performance and related topics of interest. Significant themes of research range from balance and fairness to the use of computer analysis in newspaper reporting. NRJ is unique because it provides a forum for comprehensive, current research and discussion on print and online journalism, serving as a bridge between newspaper professionals and scholars.


NRJ is the official journal of the Newspaper and Online News Division (NOND) of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC).


This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Newspaper Research Journal (NRJ) is a refereed journal published quarterly that reaches thousands of journalism students, scholars and media professionals in the United States and internationally.

Founded in 1979, NRJ comprehensively answers questions about U.S. newspaper performance and related topics of interest. Significant themes of research range from balance and fairness to the use of computer analysis in newspaper reporting. NRJ is unique because it provides a forum for comprehensive, current research and discussion on print and online journalism, serving as a bridge between newspaper professionals and scholars.

NRJ is the official journal of the Newspaper and Online News Division (NOND) of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC).

Associate Editor
David Arant University of Memphis, USA
Senior Research Editor
Guido Stempel III Ohio University, USA
Book Review Editor
Joe Hayden University of Memphis, USA
Copyeditor
Editorial Board
Bernie Ankney Samford University, USA
David Arant University of Memphis, USA
Cory Armstrong University of North Texas, USA
Ann Auman University of Hawaii, USA
Jim Avery Oklahoma State University, USA
Bala Baptiste Miles College, USA
Carlos Barrera University of Navarra, Spain
Chris Birks Benedictine University, USA
Bonnie Bressers Kansas State University, USA
Janet Bridges Sam Houston State University, USA
Robert Britten West Virginia State University, USA
Judith Buddenbaum Colorado State University, USA
Catherine Cassara Bowling Green State University, USA
Bill Cassidy Northern Illinois University, USA
Anju Chaudhary Howard University, USA
H. Iris Chyi University of Texas at Austin, USA
Raluca Cozma Iowa State University, USA
Wallace Eberhard University of Georgia, USA
Vincent Filak University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh
Bruce Garrison University of Miami, USA
Dianne Garyantes Rowan University, USA
Cecilie Gaziano Research Solutions, Inc.
Rhonda Gibson University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Bob Giles Nieman Foundation, USA
Ted Glasser Stanford University, USA
Peter Gloviczki Coker College, USA
Guy Golan Syracuse University, USA
Peter Goodman Hofstra University, USA
Marilyn Greenwald Ohio University, USA
Tanni Haas Brooklyn College, USA
Steve Hallock Point Park University, USA
John Hamilton Louisiana State University, USA
Matthew Haught University of Memphis, USA
Joe Hayden University of Memphis, USA
Richard Hendrickson  
Barry Hollander University of Georgia, USA
Ralph Izard Ohio University, USA and Louisiana State University, USA
Brian Johnson University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Gary Kebbel University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
Susan Keith Rutgers University, USA
James Kelly Indiana University, USA
Linda Jean Kenix University of Canterbury, New Zealand
David Kurpius Louisiana State University, USA
Stephen Lacy Michigan State University, USA
Dominic Lasorsa University of Texas at Austin, USA
Norm Lewis University of Florida, USA
You Li Oakland University, USA
Greg Lisby Georgia State University, USA
Wilson Lowrey University of Alabama, USA
Scott Maier University of Oregon, USA
Virginia Mansfield-Richardson Ithaca College, USA
Brian Massey East Carolina University, USA
Michael McCluskey University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, USA
Mitchell McKenney Kent State University, USA
Andrew Mendelson City University of New York (CUNY), USA
Marcus Messner Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
Laurie Miller Clarion University of Pennsylvania, USA
Joseph Mirando Southeastern Louisiana University, USA
Seungahn Nah University of Kentucky, USA
Danny Paskin California State University Long Beach, USA
Joseph E. Phelps University of Alabama, USA
Kathryn Quigley Rowan University, USA
Siddhartha Rastogi Indian Institute of Management, India
Bill Reader Ohio University, USA
Guy Reel Winthrop University
Scott Reinardy University of Kansas, USA
Rich Riski Peninsula College, USA
Chris Roberts University of Alabama, USA
Jack Rosenberry St. John Fisher College, USA
John Russial University of Oregon, USA
Arthur Santana University of Houston, USA
Frederick Schiff University of Houston, USA
Hans Schmidt Penn State University, USA
Michelle Seelig University of Miami, USA
Claire Serant  
Linda Shipley University of Nebraska - Lincoln, USA
James Simon Fairfield University, USA
Jan Slater University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Shauna Snow-Capparelli Mount Royal University, Canada
John Soloski University of Georgia, USA
Guido Stempel III Ohio University, USA
Larry Strout Mississippi State University, USA
Amanda Sturgill Elon University, North Carolina
Michael Sweeney Ohio University, USA
Leslie-Jean Thornton Arizona State University, USA
Andreas Veglis Aristotle University, Greece
Patrick S. Washburn Ohio University, USA
Brendan Watson University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, USA
Kathleen Wickham University of Mississippi, USA
Lei Xie Fairfield University, USA
Jin Yang University of Memphis, USA
Holly Yettick University of Colorado-Boulder, USA
Kyu Ho Youm University of Oregon, USA
Amy Zerba The New York Times
Joanne M. Ziembo-Vogl Grand Valley State University, USA
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  • This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    Writing Style—Because the purpose of is to provide a bridge between educators and professionals, the writing style should be clear, lucid and direct. Short sentences and paragraphs enhance the quality of . Traditional Associated Press style is used for text. Authors should consult the for their writing style. Additionally, authors should avoid writing in the first person and remember that each quote, including open-ended responses from interview or survey participants, must be footnoted.

    Keywords—Authors and reviewers should know that we now use a new set of keyword categories in NRJ. There are nine keyword categories that are standardized, and all authors are required to choose one or more item in each category as appropriate for their submitted manuscript specifically and themselves as scholars. The nine keyword categories are (1) Topic (34 topics),1 (2) Approach (Quantitative, Qualitative, Mixed, Conceptual only), (3) Method (19 methods),2 (4) Statistics (12 common statistical techniques, quantitative research only),3 (5) Medium (14 media types including media in general),4 (6) Country of study or expertise,5 (7) Theory (29 common theories and a write-in category),6 (8) Research interests related to any of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC) division/interest group,7 and (9) author’s own keywords (other than those keywords given in the eight categories). I hope this scheme is comprehensive enough to accommodate all types of manuscripts, authors, and reviewers. It will also help new authors to easily see if their manuscript falls within the scope of our journal when they check the categories. The success of this system relies on the cooperation of authors and reviewers to provide us with the necessary information.

    The standardization of keywords will make our manuscripts much easier to be found in online search engines, which is essentially a keyword-based system; and help us match reviewers and authors much better using the same terms. It will also help us in analyzing the trends of research by using these keywords consistently. SAGE can promote and group the articles more easily. If other journals would like to adopt the same categories, they are more than welcome to use the same system.

    Tables—Authors should keep tables, graphs and figures to a minimum. If tables are crucial, they must be constructed in a manner that can be easily understood by a wide and diverse audience. All tables must be placed in separate Word or Excel files. Please ensure the tables are editable–do not send embedded images of tables.

    Figures—Authors must submit high resolution images (at least 300 dpi). They should be submitted press-ready and in their original file format. Images are best submitted separately from the Word document. Please do not embed images into the Word file.

    Statistics—Some readers of have strong statistical backgrounds. Others do not. Studies that depend solely on statistics are discouraged. If statistics are needed in the article, they should be explained so the application is clear.

    Endnotes—Authors must use the (16th ed.). For legal footnotes, authors must use (17th ed.) edited by the Harvard Law Review Association. Do use in-text references.

    Manuscript Review—The editors and the Editorial Board make every effort to review manuscripts thoroughly and promptly. The editorial process takes approximately 75 to 90 days. Manuscripts that are determined to be outside the journal’s scope are returned immediately. The manuscript is sent to reviewers. Reviewers advise the editor and provide comments to the authors. A reviewer often recommends changes and suggests areas of revision. Many papers will require a rewrite.

    Manuscript Submissions—Authors should submit manuscripts to the website, http://www.newspaperresearchjournal.org. Specific submission instructions are available online.

    Acceptance—Upon acceptance, authors are required to submit a final version as an email attachment. The article will appear in publication up to one year after the manuscript is accepted and the revised manuscript is received. Because dated material will not be published, authors who do not revise their manuscript in a timely manner run the risk of not being published. Editors reserve the right to determine when material is dated.

    Book Reviews—Every issue of critically reviews books of interest. Book review submissions should be sent to: Newspaper Research Journal, Department of Journalism, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152.

    Publication Ethics—SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    Plagiarism—NRJ and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

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