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No Limits to Literacy for Preschool English Learners
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No Limits to Literacy for Preschool English Learners

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February 2009 | 264 pages | Corwin
'This book offers a foundation in language and literacy that greatly benefits dual language learners.'ùPamela S. Allen, Lead Teacher/Gifted FacilitatorBallantyne Elementary School, Charlotte, NCProduce strong language and literacy outcomes for the youngest English learners!Research and practice have established that early oral language and literacy skills development can predict later academic success. But how do young children whose first language is not English become proficient learners, and which classroom strategies have the most impact on literacy learning? This valuable resource helps teachers understand how English learners (ELs) ages 3 to 5 acquire the foundations for literacy and offers practical, research-based strategies for teaching language and literacy skills. Theresa A. Roberts, an expert literacy practitioner and researcher for preschool ELs, offers strategies that have been field-tested and proven effective by more than 1,000 early childhood educators. One of the few literacy resources available that focuses exclusively on preschool ELs, this book helps teachers of young children: Understand the essential elements for building early literacy skills, including teaching the alphabetic principle, phonological awareness, and vocabularyEncourage family involvement and nurture the home-school allianceBuild on children's primary languageStrengthen preschool programs serving young ELs No Limits to Literacy for Preschool English Learners shows teachers how to lead children to high levels of literacy competence, engagement, and enjoyment!
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
Introduction
 
1. Resources English Language Learners Bring to Literacy Learning
The Language and Literacy Wellspring  
The Emotional Wellspring  
The Motivational Wellspring  
The Family Wellspring  
The Cultural Wellspring  
Conclusion  
 
2. Building On and Scaffolding With Primary Language
Why Support Children's Primary Language?  
Primary Language and Literacy Achievement  
Adding Some Magic: Metacognitive Benefits  
Beyond the Words: Social-Emotional Aspects of Primary Language  
What Happens to the Primary Language When Children Enter Preschool?  
Using Primary Language for Social Communication and Social-Emotional Purposes  
Benefits of Using Primary Language for Literacy Learning  
Primary Language Resources  
Practices for Supporting Primary Language at Home  
Different Primary Language Programs  
Spending "Time on Task" in English  
Patience in Achieving Bilingualism  
Conclusion  
 
3. Oral Language Development in a Second Language
Second Language Learning in Naturalistic Settings  
Second Language Learning in Preschool Settings  
Examining the Silent or Receptive Stage in Second Language Acquisition  
Learning About Language Acquisition From Caregivers  
Cultural Variations in Caregiver Speech and a Challenge for Educators  
Language for Basic Communication and Academic Learning  
How Children Learn the Meaning of Words  
Learning Words From Instruction  
The Relationship Between Oral Language and Second Language Literacy  
Classroom Contexts for Language Development  
The Wonder and Limits of Storybook Reading  
Conversations With Children  
Language Development During Center Time  
Talking-Up Routines and Transitions  
Mealtime Opportunities for Talking  
Language and Literacy Enhanced Play  
Teacher Oral Language: An Elephant in the Room  
Home Influences on Second Language Learning  
Conclusion  
 
4. Befriending the Alphabet: Why and How
Can Children With Limited Knowledge of English Learn the English Alphabet?  
Why Explicit Instruction Is Beneficial  
Going Deeper Into the Alphabet  
Should Letter Names or Letter Sounds be Taught First?  
How Should the Uppercase and Lowercase Letters be Taught?  
Learning Personal Names  
Making the Connection Between Letters and Meaningful Printed Words  
Writing Helps Children Learn the Alphabet  
Teaching the Alphabet in a Language Other Than English  
How Much Letter Instruction Is Needed?  
Conclusion  
 
5. Sounds in Words: Phonological Awareness
What is Phonological Awareness?  
Words: The Foundation of Phonological Awareness  
Unnatural Aspects of Phonological Awareness  
Preschool Phonological Awareness and Later Reading  
Can Preschool Children Learn Phonological Awareness?  
Connections Between L1 and L2 Phonological Awareness  
Learning Phonological Awareness in a Second Language  
The Joined Hands of Vocabulary and the Alphabet  
Does Second Language Pronunciation Matter?  
How Much Phonological Awareness Do Preschool English Learners Need?  
What's Up With Rhyming?  
Making Sounds Stand Still and Be Concrete  
The Language Used in Phonological Awareness Instruction  
Conclusion  
 
6. Curriculum, Instruction, and Literacy Activity
Essential Elements of an Effective Curriculum  
An Articulated Curriculum  
Matching Goals With Teaching Strategies/Activities  
The Language of Instruction  
Building Relationships While Fostering Literacy  
Teachers' Support and Instructional Roles  
The Value of Small Groups and One-one-One Teaching  
Increasing Opportunities for Teachers' Support Role  
The Language of Relationship Building  
The Benefits of Explicit Instruction  
High-Quality Teaching and Learning  
Child Choice and Literacy Instruction  
Using Assessment to Benefit Children  
Teachers: The Critical Ingredient  
Program and Instruction Evaluations  
Challenges for Moving Forward  
Conclusion  
 
7. Engaging Family Caregivers
Create an Alliance  
Focus on Language and Literacy  
Thinking Processes and Positive Relationships Working Together  
Home Emotional Support for Literacy  
Home Cognitive Support for Literacy  
Family Responsive and Family Tailored Approaches  
Teacher Influences on Family Engagement  
Family Caregivers and Children Reading Together  
Family Caregivers and Children Playfully Solving Problems Together  
Engaging Family Caregivers in the Classroom  
One Model for Engaging Families  
High-Quality Family Engagement Practices  
Conclusion  
 
8. Motivation for Literacy
Characteristics of Motivated Children  
Are All Preschool Children Highly Motivated for Literacy?  
Linkages Between Preschool Motivation and Later Reading  
The Need for Competence and Mastery-Inside Every Child  
Effectance Motivation Theory Moves Forward  
The Motivational Link Between Thinking and Emotion  
Mastery and Performance Orientations  
Three Motivational Needs (Competence, Autonomy, Relatedness)  
The Compatibility of Autonomy and Structure  
The Special Worry of Failure  
Does Explicit Instruction Undermine Motivation?  
Culture, Language and Motivation for Literacy  
The Language of Motivation  
Home Influences on Language and Literacy Motivation  
Conclusion  
 
References
 
Index

"A well-organized text offering theory and application related to second language instruction. This is a useful tool for any educator to have in his or her resource library."

Susan B. Neuman, Professor
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

“This book offers a foundation in language and literacy that greatly benefits dual language learners."

Pamela S. Allen, Lead Teacher/Gifted Facilitator
Ballantyne Elementary School, Charlotte, NC

"This welcome and much needed resource for early education professionals is solidly based on the research on early literacy and language development and on Roberts’ extensive and thoughtful experience in effective instructional applications for English learners. The book is written with the clarity to inspire confidence in teachers to translate research evidence and theory into effective and engaging learning activities."

Patricia Vadasy, Senior Researcher
Washington Research Institute

"A powerful contribution to the field of early literacy. Highlighting the quality of the language model as one of the most important resources for language development, Roberts weaves a rich tapestry of research and practical application and helps us understand what this means for embracing our work with ELLs."

Molly F. Collins, Assistant Professor
Erikson Institute

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ISBN: 9781412965637
£57.00