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Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control
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Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control

Second Edition
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March 2019 | 352 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control provides a sociological examination of deviance and social control in society. Derived from the same author team’s successful text/reader version, this concise and student-friendly resource uses sociological theories to illuminate a variety of issues related to deviant behavior and societal reactions to deviance. The authors briefly explain the development of major sociological theoretical perspectives and use current research and examples to demonstrate how those theories are used to think about and study the causes of deviant behavior and the reactions to it. Focusing on the application—rather than just the understanding—of theory, the Second Edition offers a practical and fascinating exploration of deviance in our society.
 
Foreword
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
Chapter 1. Introduction to Deviance
Introduction  
Conceptions of Deviance  
The Sociological Imagination  
The Importance of Theory and Its Relationship to Research  
Global Perspectives on Deviance  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites  
Ideas in Action  
Conclusion: Organization of the Book  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
Recommended Resources  
 
Chapter 2. The Diversity of Deviance
Introduction  
Deviance and Its Varied Forms  
Physical Deviance and Appearance: Ideals of Beauty, Self-Harm, and Body Modification  
Relationships and Deviance  
Deviance in Cyberspace: Making Up the Norms as We Go  
Subcultural Deviance  
Elite Deviance, Corporate Deviance, and Workplace Misconduct  
Positive Deviance  
Global Perspectives on Types of Deviance  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: The Cases of Addiction, Prostitution, and Graffiti  
Ideas in Action: Guerrilla Gardening in Low-Income Areas  
Question: So Who Are the Deviants? Answer: It Depends on Whom You Ask  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 3. Researching Deviance
Introduction  
Methodological Approaches to Studying Deviance  
Content Analysis  
Secondary Data Sources  
Ethical Considerations in Studying Deviance  
Global Perspectives on Trials and Tribulations Involved in Researching Deviance Across the Globe  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Using Content Analysis to Study Deviants Among the Business Elite and Street Bikers  
Ideas in Action: Evaluating Programs and Policy  
Conclusion  
Endnote  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 4. Anomie/Strain Theory
Introduction  
Development of Anomie/Strain Theory  
Robert Merton and Adaptations to Anomie/Strain  
Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin, Differential Opportunity  
Albert Cohen, Delinquent Boys  
Robert Agnew, General Strain Theory  
Messner and Rosenfeld, Crime and the American Dream— Institutional Anomie Theory  
Application of Anomie and Strain Theories  
Critiques of Anomie and Strain Theories  
Global Perspectives on Anomie/Strain Theory  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: The Occupy Wall Street Movement  
Ideas in Action: Transforming Innovation Into Conformity and Legitimate Success  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 5. Social Disorganization Theory
Introduction  
Development of Social Disorganization Theory  
Shaw and McKay’s Study of Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas  
Critiques of Social Disorganization Theory  
Rebirth of Social Disorganization Theory  
Empirical Tests of Social Disorganization Theory  
Global Perspectives on Social Disorganization Theory  
Tests of Social Disorganization in Cities Outside the United States  
More Theoretical and Empirical Advances and Divergences: Social and Physical Disorder  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites With Social Disorganization Theory  
Ideas in Action: Programs and Policy From Social Disorganization and Broken Windows Perspectives  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Term  
 
Chapter 6. Differential Association and Social Learning Theories
Introduction  
Development of Differential Association Theory  
Development of Akers’s Social Learning Theory  
Social Structure and Social Learning  
Application of Differential Association and Social Learning  
Critiques of Differential Association and Social Learning Theories  
Cultural Deviance Theory and Subcultural Explanations of Deviance  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Dating Violence  
Ideas in Action: Programs and Policy From a Social Learning Perspective  
Global Perspectives on Testing Differential Association and Social Learning Theories Outside the United States  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 7. Social Control Theories of Deviance
Introduction  
Development of Social Control Theory  
Contemporary Additions to Social Control Theory  
Application of Social Control Theories  
Critiques of Social Control Theories  
Global Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control Theories  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: The Cases of Teenage Homelessness and Medical Deviance by Doctors  
Ideas in Action: Homeboy Industries  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 8. Labeling Theory
Introduction  
Development of Labeling Theory  
How the Labeling Process Works  
Labeling and Mental Illness  
Labeling and Delinquency  
Application of Labeling Theory  
Impact of Labeling Theory  
Critiques of Labeling Theory  
Global Perspectives on Labeling Theory  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Considering Drinking—and Not Drinking—on College Campuses  
Ideas in Action: The “I Have a Dream” Foundation—Instilling Positive Labels  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 9. Marxist and Conflict Theories of Deviance
Introduction  
Development of Marxist Theory  
Development of Conflict Theory  
Applications of Marxist and Conflict Theories  
Critiques of Marxist and Conflict Theories  
Global Perspectives on Deviance and Marxist/Conflict Theories  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Human Trafficking: Crossing Boundaries and Borders  
Ideas in Action: What Can Be Done About Human Trafficking?  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 10. Critical Theories of Deviance
Introduction  
Development of Feminist Criminology  
Development of Critical Race Theory  
Development of Peacemaking  
Critiques of Critical Theories  
Global Perspectives on Deviance and Critical Theories  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: The Cases of Pornography and Illegal Governmental Surveillance  
Ideas in Action: Navajo Peacemaking and Domestic Violence  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 11. Societal Responses to Deviance
Introduction  
Medicalization of Deviant Behavior  
Policing, Supervision, and the Impact of Incarceration on Disadvantaged Populations and Communities  
Total Institutions  
Correctional Facilities and the Purposes of Punishment  
Gresham Sykes and the Pains of Imprisonment  
Juvenile Correctional Facilities  
Reentry: Challenges in Returning to the Community After Time in an Institution  
Public Fear and Social Control: The Case of Sex Offenders  
Collateral Consequences: Effects on Communities and Families  
Global Perspectives on the Social Control of Deviance  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Considering How Money Can Matter in Local Jails  
Ideas in Action: College Programs in Prisons  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Chapter 12. Deviant Careers and Career Deviance
Introduction  
Development of a Deviant Career and Career Deviance Approach  
Getting Into Deviance: Onset of a Deviant Career  
Risk and Protective Factors for Onset  
Escalation, Persistence, and Specialization in Deviance  
Sex Offenders: Generalists or Specialists?  
The Case of Drinking and Driving  
Summary of Career Deviance: Specialists or Generalists?  
Getting Out of the Game: Desistance From Career Deviance  
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Street Prostitutes Versus Elite Prostitutes  
Global Perspectives on Cross-Cultural Interest in Deviant Careers and Career Deviance  
Ideas in Action: Programs and Policy From a Career Deviance and Deviant Career Perspective  
Conclusion  
Exercises and Discussion Questions  
Key Terms  
 
Glossary
 
References and Additional Reading
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site
 study.sagepub.com/inderbitzinpdsc2e

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • A Microsoft® Word test bank, is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring your courses.
  • Lively and stimulating chapter activities that can be used in class (for individual or group projects) to reinforce active learning.
  • Video and multimedia links that appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • Chapter activities reinforce important content and help launch classroom interaction by prompting students to engage with the material.
  • Exclusive access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.

 

Student Study Site

 The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • Exclusive access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.
  • Video and multimedia links that appeal to students with different learning styles.

“This is a comprehensive textbook that covers many of today’s theories used to explain deviance. It is easy to read and understand. A well written textbook.”

Egbert Zavala
The University of Texas at El Paso

“This text is both student friendly and instructor friendly. It is current, comprehensive, and application based. Though this text is also a sociological examination of deviance and social control, it is organized in a way that compliments criminal justice courses. I very much like the application proposed in this text.”

Dorinda L. Dowis
Columbus State University

“In lieu of spending specific chapters on specific deviant behaviors, the supplementary pedagogical materials embedded in the book fulfil this aspect without taking up room for the theoretical coverage, which is the primary purpose of the book. In other words, the book is grounded in theory and uses innovative pedagogies to illustrate the practicality of the theories. It is very well and clearly written, includes uniquely well illustrated content, the chapters are short but comprehensive, and it includes a critical and analytical approach to theories of deviance.”

Joachim Kibirige
Missouri Western State University

“…written in a lively, readable style. The textbook also integrates how theory and research are used to develop each other and how that can lead to social policies.”

Michael J. O’Connor
Upper Iowa University

For instructors

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ISBN: 9781544308081
£61.00