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Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counselors

Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counselors

January 2015 | 160 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counselors explores Freud’s historical contributions to the theories within this school of thought and demonstrates their practical application in clinical practice today. Using the compelling framework of the common factors approach, the text helps readers consider how both the client's perspective and the interpersonal forces within a helping relationship can shape positive therapeutic outcomes. The text’s clinical vignettes, case examples, and discussion of significant updates within the field further highlight the relevance of the psychoanalytic approach to counseling.


Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counselors is part of the SAGE Theories for Counselors Series that includes Cognitive Behavioral Approaches for Counselors, by Diane Shea, and Person-Centered Approaches for Counselors, by Jeffrey H.D. Cornelius-White.
Who Was Sigmund Freud?

The Relevance of Psychoanalysis

Inauguration: To Mark the Beginning of a New Period, Style, or Activity

Starting With the Two Most Important Common Factors: The Client and the Counseling Relationship

Freud Versus Freud: What Did He Actually Do?

Freud’s Goody-goods: The Necessity of Collaboration

Constructing a Counselor-Friendly Freud

The Cause(s) of Mental Illness

Transference and Countertransference

Further Developments


Chapter 1: The Talking Cure
The First Client: Bertha Pappenheim

Intensive, Ongoing Treatment

Catharsis and Hypnotism

The Psychoanalytic Cure

Listening to Pappenheim With Sympathy and Interest

Pappenheim’s Contemporary Importance

Did Breuer Truly “Get” Pappenheim?

Empathic Listening and Interpretation

The Heroic Client

Pappenheim’s Amazing Transformation

Primum Non Nocere—Above All, Do No Harm

“The True Vehicle of Therapeutic Influence”

The Therapeutic Relationship: What’s It Really Like?

Finding the Sweet Spot


Chapter 2: Basic Psychoanalytic Concepts
How the Mind Works: The Structural Model and the Topographical Model

The Topographical View

The Ego in Conflict

How People—and Problems—Develop


Freud’s Mechanisms of Defense

Repression, Revisited


Displacement and Projection

Reaction Formation, Rationalization/Intellectualization, Introjection, Identification, Regression


Don’t Forget: Sex Can Be Fun!

The Therapeutic Aim of Psychoanalysis


Progress, Slow and Steady

Three Choices

The Tools of Psychoanalysis: The Background of Freud’s Technique

The Return of Catharsis

The Return of Rest Cures, Electrotherapy, and Psychopharmacology

You Are Getting Very Sleepy…

No Wait—Your Eyes Aren’t Closing—They are Moving!

Say Everything

No Sex With Clients

To What Degree Must We Abstain?

Recommendations, Not Rules

Thoughts and Feelings

The Tools of Psychoanalysis: Interventions to Accomplish Its Aim

First, Ally With the Ego

Transference, Pros and Cons

Free Association

Dream Analysis

Slips of the Tongue, Jokes, and Habitual Actions

Rounding Out the Picture: King Oedipus, Sex/Love and Aggression/Death, the Nature of Trauma, and Other Freudian Controversies

Could This Story Tell Us Anything About Freud?

Sex, Sex, and Sex

Sex and Violence

Was Freud Sexualized at an Early Age?

Sexual Trauma


Chapter 3: The Evolution of Psychoanalysis
Freud’s Drive Theory


Object Relations and Interpersonal Psychoanalysis


Neuroscience and Psychoanalysis

The Development of the Emotional Self

An Illustration: Daddy Day Care

Counseling as a Corrective Affective (and Cognitive) Experience


Chapter 4: Multiculturalism
“My Parents Were Jews, and I Have Remained a Jew Myself”

Social Class: Is Psychoanalysis Just For Rich People?

Practical Matters First: Money

A Theoretical Concern: Who Has Time for Insight?

Theoretical Concern Number Two: Who Has the Necessary Ego Strength?

The Relational Response

Recent Scholarship: The Free Clinics

Psychoanalysis as Failed Feminism

Are Men and Women Really Different?

Empirical Research to the Rescue

Ethics of Rights, Ethics of Care, and Difference Feminism

Psychological Adjustment and Societal Change


Chapter 5: A Case Illustration of Contemporary Psychoanalytic Counseling
Session One: Getting to Know Jennie

Sessions Two to Four: The Growth of the Counseling Relationship

Sessions Five and Six: The Usual Detours

Session Seven: The Big Dream

Session Eight: How Should I Respond?

Session Nine: The Time is Right

Session Ten (and Beyond): On the Journey, Together


Chapter 6: Conclusion
The Unconscious, Version 2.0

A More Useful Freud

The Client Is the Most Important Person in the Room

Future Considerations




Student Study Site
The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:
Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.
Supplemental articles written by the author are provided to enhance understanding and provide additional insights on course concepts.

Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counsellors provides a comprehensive insight into the history of psychoanalysis. An illustrated case example highlights psychoanalytic counselling in a contemporary manner.

Ms Victoria Louise Booth
H.E Care, Grimsby Institute of HE & FE
November 26, 2015

Sample Materials & Chapters


Chapter 3

For instructors

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ISBN: 9781452268361

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