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Religion in Sociological Perspective
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Religion in Sociological Perspective

Seventh Edition
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Other Titles in:
Sociology of Religion

December 2018 | 464 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
The authors are proud sponsors of the 2020 SAGE Keith Roberts Teaching Innovations Award—enabling graduate students and early career faculty to attend the annual ASA pre-conference teaching and learning workshop.

Religion in Sociological Perspective introduces students to the systems of meaning, structure, and belonging that make up the complex social phenomena we know as religion. Authors Keith A. Roberts and David Yamane use an active learning approach to illustrate the central theories and methods of research in the sociology of religion and show students how to apply these analytical tools to new groups they encounter.

The Seventh Edition departs from previous editions by emphasizing that the sociology of religion is an ongoing conversation among scholars in dialogue with existing scholarship and the social world. This perspective is established in the new second chapter, “Historical Development of the Sociology of Religion.” Other chapters feature important voices from the past alongside the views of contemporary sociologists, and conclude with a glimpse of where the sociology of religion might be heading in the future. At every opportunity, the text has been enriched by research and examples that are meant to challenge parochial limits in the sociology of religion, pushing beyond Christianity, congregations, beliefs, national borders (especially the United States), and even beyond religion itself (to take nonreligion more seriously).
 
PART I: Introduction to the Sociology of Religion
 
Chapter 1: What Do We Mean by the Term Religion?
Substantive Definitions

 
Functional Definitions

 
A Symbolic Definition

 
Invisible Religion

 
Lived Religion

 
Spiritual but Not Religious?

 
The Concept of Religion as Employed in This Text

 
A Final Word About Definitions

 
Summary and Looking Forward

 
 
Chapter 2: Historical Development of the Sociology of Religion
The Classical Era

 
The Secularization Paradigm

 
New Religious Developments

 
New Paradigms

 
Neosecularization Theory

 
Future Prospects

 
Summary and Looking Forward

 
 
Chapter 3: A Social Scientific Approach to Studying Religion
The Sociological Approach to Studying Religion

 
Survey Research and Statistical Analysis

 
Interviewing

 
Participant Observation

 
Content Analysis

 
Historical–Comparative Analysis

 
Experimentation

 
Triangulation

 
Summary and Looking Forward

 
 
PART II: Religion in the Lives of Individuals
 
Chapter 4: Becoming and Being Religious
Religious Socialization and the Intergenerational Transmission of Religion

 
Religion Over the Life Course

 
Religion and Identity

 
Religious “Nones”

 
Summary and Looking Forward

 
 
Chapter 5: Conversion, Switching, and Apostasy
Conversion, Brainwashing, and the New Religious Movements

 
Process Models of Conversion

 
Religious Choices and Commitments: A Rational Choice Model

 
Religious Switching

 
Apostasy

 
Summary and Looking Forward

 
 
PART III: Organizing Religion
 
Chapter 6: Churches, Sects, Denominations, and “Cults”
Charisma and the Charismatic Leader

 
The Routinization of Charisma

 
Classifying Religious Organizations

 
The Church–Sect Typology

 
Denominationalism and the Denominational Society

 
Beyond Denominations?

 
New Religious Movements, a.k.a. “Cults”

 
Summary and Looking Forward

 
 
Chapter 7: Congregationalism and Congregations
Denominations and De Facto Congregationalism

 
Congregational Demography

 
What Do Congregations Do?

 
Megachurches

 
Multi-Site and Networked Religious Organizations

 
“New Paradigm” and “Seeker” Churches

 
Summary and Looking Forward

 
 
PART IV: Religion, Social Difference, and Inequality
 
Chapter 8: Religion, Economics, and Social Class
Religious Ethics and Economic Action

 
The Prosperity Gospel and Modern Capitalism

 
Religion and Work

 
Religion and Social Class Stratification

 
Summary and Looking Forward

 
 
Chapter 9: Religion and Race
Religion and Racial/Ethnic Prejudice

 
The Racialization of Religious Groups

 
Religion in the African American Community

 
Racial Segregation in Congregations

 
Explaining Congregational Racial Segregation

 
Race/Ethnicity and Religious Affiliation

 
Summary and Looking Forward

 
 
Chapter 10: Religion and Gender
Religion as a Gendered Social Institution

 
Gendered Religious Organizational Structures

 
Gendered Patterns of Religiosity

 
Negotiating Gender in Religious Communities

 
Gender Beyond Women

 
Gender Beyond Male and Female

 
Summary and Looking Forward

 
 
Chapter 11: Religion and Sexuality
Religion, Heteronormativity, and Homonegativity

 
Religious Divisions Over Same-Sex Marriage

 
LGBTQIA+ Clergy Controversies

 
Congregational Responses to Sexual Diversity

 
LGBTQIA+ Religious Identities and Practices

 
Summary and Looking Forward

 
 
Part V: Social Change and Religion
 
Chapter 12: Religion Outside the (God) Box
Religion and the “Old” Media

 
Religion and the “New Media”

 
Religion and Sport

 
Other Manifestations of Religion Outside Traditional God Boxes

 
Summary and Looking Forward

 
 
Chapter 13: Religion, Social Stability, and Social Conflict
Religion Functions to Provide Meaning and Belonging

 
Religion and Legitimation of the Social Order

 
Religion and Social Conflict

 
Religion: Opiate or Stimulant?

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 14: Religion and Globalization
Globalization of Religions

 
The Impact of Globalization on Religion

 
Transnational Religious Connections

 
Religious Glocalization

 
Religion in Global Affairs

 
Summary and Looking Forward

 

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site
edge.sagepub.com/rsp7e

SAGE edge for instructors supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students with:
  • a password-protected site for complete and protected access to all text-specific instructor resources;  
  • test banks that provide a diverse range of ready-to-use options that save you time. You can also easily edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions;
  • a link to Association of Religion Data Archives resources specifically aligned to each chapter to support teaching; and  
  • term paper projects that provide detailed specifications for assigning.

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ISBN: 9781506366067
£77.00