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SAGE Open Nursing

SAGE Open Nursing

eISSN: 23779608 | ISSN: 23779608 | Current volume: 9 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Yearly

Journal Highlights

  • Indexed In: Emerging Science Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Publication is subject to payment of an article processing charge (APC)
  • Submit here

SAGE Open Nursing (SON) is a peer-reviewed open access journal which covers all aspects of nursing and patient care across the various nursing specialties and related disciplines. Please see the Aims and Scope tab for further information.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Submission Information

Submit your manuscript today at

Please see the Submission Guidelines tab for more information on how to submit your article to the journal.

Open access article processing charge (APC) information

Publication in the journal is subject to payment of an article processing charge (APC). The APC serves to support the journal and ensures that articles are freely accessible online in perpetuity under a Creative Commons license.

The APC for this journal is currently 1500 USD. Letters and commentaries are not charged an APC.

The article processing charge (APC) is payable when a manuscript is accepted after peer review, before it is published. The APC is subject to taxes where applicable. Please see further details here.


Please direct any queries to

Why Publish Open Access with SON

  • Visibility and Impact: Anyone anywhere in the world can read, use and cite your research
  • Compliance with Funder Mandates: Articles are published immediately and are made freely available
  • Rigorous Standards: Double-blind peer review policy and use of two expert reviewers
  • Flexibility: No page limits or page charges, and authors can publish full data sets, figures, tables, etc.
  • Copyright: Authors retain copyright under a Creative Commons License

Useful Links

SAGE Open Nursing (SON) is a peer reviewed, open access journal that covers all aspects of nursing and patient care across the various nursing specialties and related disciplines. It seeks to be one of the world’s premier open access outlets for nursing, and serves as an inclusive voice in the areas of nursing research, education, administration, operations, leadership, and practice.

As such, SON does not limit content due to page budgets or thematic significance. Papers are subjected to rigorous peer review and are selected based on whether the research is sound and deserves publication.

Target Audience
Nursing students, nurses, nurse practitioner students, nurse practitioners, nurse managers and executives, as well as related disciplines such as healthcare administrators, nutritionists, psychologists, physician assistants, etc.

Article Types
Original research articles (quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods research articles), quality improvement articles/reports, review articles, systematic reports, practice updates, case reports, letters to the editor, and commentaries.

Topics of Interest

  • Access to Care
  • Administration
  • Adolescent Medicine
  • Allergy/Immunology
  • Cardiology
  • Critical Care
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Endocrinology/Diabetes
  • Epidemiology/Public Health
  • Gastroenterology
  • Geriatrics/Gerontology
  • Health Promotion
  • Hematology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Informatics
  • Maternal/Fetal Care (OB/GYN)
  • Mental Health/Psychiatry
  • Neonatal Care
  • Nephrology
  • Neurology
  • Nursing Education
  • Nursing/Healthcare Administration
  • Nursing Workforce
  • Nutrition
  • Obstetrics/Gynecology
  • Occupational Health
  • Oncology
  • Operations
  • Patient Care
  • Patient Experience/Satisfaction
  • Pediatrics
  • Policy Writing
  • Psychology (Anxiety/Depression)
  • Pulmonary/Sleep Medicine
  • Rheumatology
  • Surgery
  • Telehealth
  • Women's Health
  • And more

View a selection of the latest papers published in SON

Manuscript Submission

Associate Editors
Fahad M. Alhowaymel, PhD, RN Shaqra University Department of Nursing, Saudi Arabia
Charlene Downing, PhD University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Adnan Innab, PhD, REM, MSN, BSN, RN King Saud University College of Nursing, Saudi Arabia
Nompumelelo Ntshingila DCur Psyciatric Nursing, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Phyllis Shanley Hansell, BSN, Med, EdD Seton Hall University, USA
Section Editor: Geriatrics
Robbert J. J. Gobbens, PhD, MScN Inholland University of Applied Sciences, Netherlands
Section Editor: Pediatrics
Kathy K. Wright, DNP, APRN, CPNP-PC Chatham University, USA
Editorial Board
Suhailah M. Ali, PhD, MSc, BSc University of Kirkuk, Iraq
Helena Blomberg, PhD Mälardalen University, Sweden
Martha A. Boulton, DNP, MSN, MS, BSN Changing Perspectives LLP, USA
Monica Fletcher, OBE GlaxoSmithKline, UK
Maureen George, PhD, RN, AE-C, FAAN Columbia University School of Nursing, USA
Loreena Hill, PhD, MSc, ISP, BSc, RGN Queen's University, Ireland
Eleanor C. Hunt, DNP, RN-BC, CPHIMS, CNE Western Governors University, USA
Linda Keilman, DNP, GNP-BC, FAANP Michigan State University, College of Nursing, USA
Lisa Lewis, EdD, MSN, RN, CNE Duke University School of Nursing, USA
Jenna A. LoGiudice, PhD, CNM, RN Fairfield University, USA
Gianluca Pucciarelli, RN, PhD University of Rome Tor Vergata , Italy
Lisa M. Rebeschi, PhD, MSN, RN, CNE Quinnipiac University, USA
Miho Satoh, PhD Yokohama City University, Japan
Izabella Uchmanowicz, Prof., RN, PhD, FESC Wroclaw Medical University, Poland
Mojtaba Vaismoradi, Prof., PhD, MScN, BScN Nord University, Norway
Anita Wilson, AAS, RN, BSN, MSN, ANP-C, FNP-C Washington University School of Medicine, USA
Nina Anne Zimmermann, EdD, APRN, ANP-BC Maryville University, Catherine McAuley School of Nursing, USA
Editorial Review Board
Fathya Abdelrazek, RN, PhD Suez Canal University, Egypt
Prof. Dr Ebtsam Abou Hashish Alexandria University, Egypt
Nicole Adams, PhD, RN, CEN Purdue University, USA
Janet Alexis A. De los Santos, PhD, RN Visayas State University, Philippines
Fahad M. Alhowaymel, PhD, RN Shaqra University Department of Nursing, Saudi Arabia
Kim Amer, PhD, RN DePaul University, School of Nursing, Chicago
Mustafa Atee, PhD, MPharm (Clin Pharm), PostGradDipPharm, BPharm Curtin University, Australia
Ahmad Ayed, PhD Arab American University, Palestine
Gunilla Björling, PhD, RN Jönköping University, Sweden
Louise Bouic, PhD, MA, PgDip, BSc (Hons), RN University of Wolverhampton, UK
Helga Bragadóttir, PhD University of Iceland, Iceland
Joset E. Brown, EdD, MSN, RN William Paterson University, USA
Sarah Butler, MSc University of Hull, UK
Jie Chen, PhD, MSN, RN Northern Illinois University, USA
Francesco Chirico, MD Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy
Nicholas Yakubu Danzima, PhD University for Development Studies, Ghana
Erin Donovan, Ed.D., MSN, RN, CNE Colorado Mesa University, USA
Candida Durao, RN, MSN Nursing School of Lisbon, Portugal
Joyce Arlene Ennis, PhD Texas Woman's University, USA
Jacopo Fiorini, PhD University Hospital of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy
Márcio Flávio Araújo, PhD, RN Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Mary K. Gaffney, EdD, MSN University of South Carolina Aiken, USA
Krupa Gandhi, MPH, MHA, BHMS Thomas Jefferson University, USA
Yitka N. Graham, PhD, BSc, FTOS, CMgr, FRSA University of Sunderland, UK
Joko Gunawan, PhD Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Haryanto Haryanto, PhD Institute Technology and Health Muhammadiyah West Kalimantan, Indonesia
Carey Haugen, DNP, APRN, AGCNS-BC Mayville State University Division of Nursing, USA
Yolanda Havenga, PhD RN Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Abdelaliz Hendy, PhD Pediatric nursing Ain Shams University, Egypt
Elizabeth K. Herron, PhD, RN, CNE, CHSE, CNL James Madison University School of Nursing, USA
Ahmad Hussien Rayan, PhD Zarqa University, Jordan
Adnan Innab, PhD, REM, MSN, BSN, RN King Saud University College of Nursing, Saudi Arabia
Suhartini Ismail, RN., PhD Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Kashica J. Webber-Ritchey, PhD, MHA, RN DePaul University, College of Science and Health, School of Nursing, USA
I Gede Juanamasta, PhD STIKES Wira Medika Bali, Indonesia
SuJung Jung, PhD, GNP Semyung University, South Korea
Gul Sahin Karaduman, PhD, RN University of Health Sciences, Turkey
Rachel Wangari Kimani, DNP, CHNP, FNP,RN Rockefeller University, USA
Ariana R. Komaroff, DNP, FNP-BC, IBCLC Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, NY, USA
Joann Kovacich, PhD University of Phoenix, USA
Patel Kushagra D, MD MUHS Nashik, India
Hua Li, RN MPH PhD University of Saskatchewan, Canada
Fernanda Loureiro, PhD Egas Moniz School of Health & Science, Portugal
Ana Catarina Maia, PhD Higher Nursing School of Lisbon, Portugal
Lilly Mathew,PhD RN, NPD-BC CUNY School of Professional Studies, USA
Jacqueline Michaels, PhD, RN, CNE SUNY Empire State College School of Nursing and Allied Health, USA
Zhao Ni, PhD, RN Yale University, USA
Melissa R. Penkalski, DNP, APRN, CPNP-PC, AE-C Missouri State University, USA
April Phillips, DNP, FNP-C, PMHNP-BC Frontier Nursing University, USA
Cynthia Pomaa Akuoko, RN, BSc, MSc, PhD, FHEA Christian Service University College, Ghana
Manju A. K. Rajora, PhD Nursing, M.Sc. Nursing, B.Sc. Hons. Nursing All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), India
Dara Rasoal, RN, Phil, PhD Dalarna University, Sweden
Maria A. Revell, PhD, MSN, RN, COI Tennessee State University, USA
Sandra Sharp, PhD, MScAP, RN Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland
Katherine D. Shue-McGuffin, DNP, MSN, APRN, FNP-C The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA
Carmen Josefa Sierra, DNP University of Miami, USA
Saumya P. Srivastava Vivekananda College of Nursing, India
Dr Linda Tinkler Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK
Nestor Tomas, MPH University of Namibia, Namibia
Suharno Usman, MN, RN University of Sam Ratulangi, Indonesia
Prof. Dr. Krishna Vaishnavi P, Ph.D(N), M.Sc(N), MBA, PGDES Kaloji Narayana Rao University of Health Sciences, India
Julee B. Waldrop, DNP, FNP, PNP, SANE-A, CNE, FAANP, FAAN Duke University School of Nursing, USA
Sarah Ward University of Cumbria, UK
Marie-Lee Yous, RN, BScN, MSc, PhD McMaster University, Canada
  • Clarivate Analytics: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • ProQuest
  • PubMed Central (PMC)
  • Scopus
  • This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer review process.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Sage Open Nursing will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that Sage Open Nursing will consider submissions of papers that have been posted on preprint servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the Journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the Journal's author archiving policy.

    If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.

    If you have any questions about publishing with Sage, please visit the Sage Journal Solutions Portal.

    Please Read the Manuscript Submission Guidelines below before submitting your manuscript here:

    1. Open Access
    2. Article processing charge (APC)
    3. What do we publish?
      3.1 Aims & Scope
      3.2 Article types
      3.3 Writing your paper
      3.3.1 Making your article discoverable
    4. Editorial policies
      4.1 Peer Review Policy
      4.2 Authorship
      4.3 Acknowledgements
      4.3.1 Writing Assistance
      4.3.2 Statistical analyses
      4.4 Funding
      4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      4.6 Research ethics and patient consent
      4.7 Clinical Trials
      4.8 Reporting guidelines
      4.9 Research Data
    5. Publishing policies
      5.1 Publication ethics
      5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
    6. Preparing your manuscript
      6.1 Word processing formats
      6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      6.3 Supplemental material
      6.4 Reference style
      6.5 English language editing services
    7. Submitting your manuscript
      7.1 How to submit your manuscript
      7.2 Title, keywords and abstracts
      7.3 Information required for completing your submission
      7.4 ORCID
      7.5 Permissions
    8. On acceptance and publication
      8.1 Sage Production
      8.2 Continuous publication
      8.3 Promoting your article
    9. Further information

    1. Open Access

    Sage Open Nursing is an open access, peer-reviewed journal. Each article accepted by peer review is made freely available online immediately upon publication, is published under a Creative Commons license and will be hosted online in perpetuity. Publication costs of the journal are covered by the collection of article processing charges which are paid by the funder, institution or author of each manuscript upon acceptance. There is no charge for submitting a paper to the journal.

    For general information on open access at Sage please visit the Open Access page or view our Open Access FAQs.

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    2. Article processing charge (APC)

    If, after peer review, your manuscript is accepted for publication, a one-time article processing charge (APC) is payable. This APC covers the cost of publication and ensures that your article will be freely available online in perpetuity under a Creative Commons license.

    The article processing charge (APC) for this journal is 1500 USD.

    Letters and Commentaries will not be charged an APC.

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    3. What do we publish?

    3.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Sage Open Nursing, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    3.2 Article Types

    3.3 Writing your paper

    The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation. 

    3.3.1 Making your article discoverable

    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

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    4. Editorial policies

    4.1 Peer review policy

    Following a preliminary triage to eliminate submissions unsuitable for Sage Open Nursing all papers are sent out for review. The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by two expert reviewers. Sage Open Nursing utilizes a double-anonymized peer review process in which the reviewer and author’s names and information are withheld from the other. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, while maintaining rigor. Reviewers make comments to the author and recommendations to the Editor who then makes the final decision.

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    Sage does not permit the use of author-suggested (recommended) reviewers at any stage of the submission process, be that through the web-based submission system or other communication. Reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Our policy is that reviewers should not be assigned to a paper if:

    • The reviewer is based at the same institution as any of the co-authors
    • The reviewer is based at the funding body of the paper
    • The author has recommended the reviewer
    • The reviewer has provided a personal (e.g. Gmail/Yahoo/Hotmail) email account and an institutional email account cannot be found after performing a basic Google search (name, department and institution). 

    4.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    (iii) Approved the version to be published,
    (iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on

             Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.


    4.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    4.3.1 Third party submissions

    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    • Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
    • Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
    • Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, Sage reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    4.3.2 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services. Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review

    4.3.3 Statistical analyses

    Where statistical analyses have been carried out please ensure that the methodology has been accurately described. In comparative studies power calculations are usually required. In research papers requiring complex statistics the advice of an expert statistician should be sought at the design/implementation stage of the study.

    4.4 Funding

    Sage Open Nursing requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Sage Open Nursing to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations.

    4.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure
    that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative. Please do not submit the patient’s actual written informed consent with your article, as this in itself breaches the patient’s confidentiality. The Journal requests that you confirm to us, in
    writing, that you have obtained written informed consent but the written consent itself should be held by the authors/investigators themselves, for example in a patient’s hospital record. The confirmatory letter may be uploaded with your submission as a separate file.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The Journal has adopted the ARRIVE guidelines.

    4.7 Clinical trials

    Sage Open Nursing conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    4.8 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and metaanalyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.

    4.9 Research data

    The journal is committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research, and has the following research data sharing policy. For more information, including FAQs please visit the Sage Research Data policy pages

    Subject to appropriate ethical and legal considerations, authors are encouraged to:

    • share your research data in a relevant public data repository
    • include a data availability statement linking to your data. If it is not possible to share your data, we encourage you to consider using the statement to explain why it cannot be shared.
    • cite this data in your research

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    5. Publishing policies

    5.1 Publication ethics

    Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway.

    5.1.1 Plagiarism

    Sage Open Nursing and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    5.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published, it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage Open Nursing publishes manuscripts under Creative Commons licenses. The standard license for the journal is Creative Commons by Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC), which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as
    the work is properly referenced and the use is non-commercial. For more information, you are advised to visit Sage's OA licenses page

    Alternative license arrangements are available, for example, to meet particular funder mandates, made at the author’s request. 

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    6. Preparing your manuscript

    6.1 Word processing formats

    Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. Please also refer to additional guidelines on submitting artwork and supplemental files below.

    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines

    Figures supplied in color will appear in color online.

    Photographic illustrations should be rendered with at least 300 dpi; please use CMYK color conversion if possible. Graphs made with Office software such as Microsoft Excel, can be provided in their original format to facilitate conversion into printable format with preserved quality. Any other line graphs/illustrations should preferably be provided in EPS format with a resolution of at least 600 dpi to prevent ragged lines when printed. A figure image should be at least 160 mm in width at the appropriate resolution. For further guidance on how to prepare your digital image see

    Graphs and images that are unsuitable may be returned to the author for amendment, causing delay in publication.

    6.3 Supplemental material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files, which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page.

    6.4 Reference style

    Sage Open Nursing adheres to the APA reference style. Please review the guidelines on APA to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    6.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using Sage Language Services. Visit Sage Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information. 

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    7. Submitting your manuscript

    7.1 How to submit your manuscript

    Sage Open Nursing is hosted on Sage Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    7.2 Title, keywords and abstracts

    Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the Sage Journal Author
    Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online. 

    7.3 Information required for completing your submission

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the  required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files
    (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    7.4 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD
    will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    7.5 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the Sage Journal Author Gateway.

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    8. On acceptance and publication

    If your paper is accepted for publication after peer review, you will first be asked to complete the contributor’s publishing agreement. Once your manuscript files have been check for Sage Production, the corresponding author will be asked to pay the article processing charge (APC) via a payment link. Once the APC has been processed, your article will be prepared for publication and can appear online within an average of 30 days. Please note that no production work will occur on your paper until the
    APC has been received.

    8.1 Sage Production

    Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal Sage Edit, or by email to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    8.2 Online publication

    One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an open access journal is the speed to publication. Your article will be published online in a fully citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time it will be completely free to view and download for all. 

    8.3 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. 

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    9. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Sage Open Nursing editorial office as follows: 

    Tina Tolomeo, 

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