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The Alternate Nation of Abanindranath Tagore

The Alternate Nation of Abanindranath Tagore

First Edition

January 2010 | 228 pages | SAGE Publications Pvt. Ltd
The Alternate Nation of Abanindranath Tagore provides a revisionary critique of the art of Abanindranath Tagore, the founder of a 'national' school of Indian painting, popularly known as the Bengal School of Art. It categorically argues that the art of Abanindranath, which developed as part of what has been called the Bengal Renaissance in the 19th–20th centuries, was not merely a normalization of nationalist or orientalist principles, but was a hermeneutic negotiation between modernity and community, geared toward the fashioning of an alternate nation, resistant to the stereotyping identity formation of the nation-state. It also establishes that his art—embedded in communitarian practices like kirtan, alpona, pet-naming, syncretism and storytelling through oral allegories—sought a dialogic social identity within the inter-subjective contexts of locality, regionality, nationality and trans-nationality.

This book is well-illustrated with many of Abanindranath's creations. It will be a rich reference work for students, researchers and academics from various subject areas such as arts and humanities, sociology and cultural studies, and would be precious for artists, art collectors, connoisseurs, museums and art galleries.

List of Plates
Partha Mitter
Modernity, Nation and Community-A Point of Departure
Orientalism, Nationalism and the Politics of Narration
Regional Subalternity
Intersubjective Narration
Practices of Community and the Alternate Nation

Debashish Banerji, in his impressive new study…, presents Abanindranath neither as nationalist hero nor Orientalist comprador but rather a free agent engaged in varied cultural exchange…. When he chose to make his illustrious forbear the subject of his book, he was able to infuse the aridities of postmodernism with the clarity and warmth of personal narrative…. Steeped in the writings of Continental masters such as Bourdieu, Foucault and Heidegger, Banerji is no slouch when it comes to textual criticism, but he also has a keen artistic eye, and a certain laidbackness more characteristic of the ‘Left Coast’ (California) than the Left Bank of the Seine. When he brings the hybrid background to bear on Abanindranath’s work, the results are often remarkable. In each of the five chapters that make up the body of his book, Banerji couples a particular group of paintings with a particular area of theoretical lore…. Banerji’s skill as an interpreter of Abanindranath’s paintings is displayed best in Chapter 4, which deals with the painter as narrator…. Banerji proves himself to be a talented storyteller himself – something that those who have attended his public presentations already know…. Banerji enlivens his account with oral history material provided by his mother…. Sage India should be congratulated not just for publishing Banerji’s book but also for enriching it with thirty-two pages of full-colour plates. These make it possible for readers to follow the author’s innovative readings in all their intricate detail.

ART India

Banerji’s book acquires a special importance because of his attempt to theorise the creative experiments of an artist exposed to a variety of influences in a colonial metropolis. The concept of ‘alternate nation’ that he builds around the corpus of Abanindranath’s works, is a stimulating idea based on a provocative hypothesis… Banerji’s erudite study is a fascinating narrative of how Abanindranath always defied the constrictions laid down by such theories, either by his admirers or detractors.

Contributions to Indian Sociology

It was comforting to read Debashis Banerji’s ‘The Alternate Nation of Abanindranath Tagore’. The book is a much needed addition to the existing body of literature on the artist and his words. It locates the figure of Ababnindranath in a post Enlightenment social complex, and goes on to discover his multi-layered engagement with the world around. What is even more important is that it does this without resorting to the mainstream framework of Cultural Nationalism on hand, and on the other to the existing communitarian critiques of the same.

Art Etc

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ISBN: 9788132102397

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