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Violence and Nonviolence

Violence and Nonviolence
Pathways to Understanding

April 2003 | 360 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Putting forth a reciprocal theory of violence and nonviolence, this book addresses virtually all forms of violence, from verbal abuse to genocide, and treats all of these expressions of violence as interpersonal, institutional, and structural phenomena. In the context of recovery and nonviolence, this book addresses peace and conflict studies, legal rights, and social justice, and various nonviolent movements and struggles for peace and justice.
INTRODUCTION - Secrets of Violence and Nonviolence
Decreasing Violence and Increasing Nonviolence  
Feelings and Structures  
Private and Public Shame  
A Germ Theory of Violence and Nonviolence  
Violent and Nonviolent Rhetoric, Youth at Risk, and Implications for Peacemaking  
Violence Against Youth Is More Important Than Violence by Youth  
Organization of the Book  
Chapter One: Violence in Perspective
Sanctioned and Unsanctioned Violence: An Alternative Perspective  
Violence as an Integral Part of American Life  
American Violence in Historical Perspective  
American Violence in Contemporary Perspective  
American Violence in Comparative Perspective  
A Reciprocal Approach to Studying Violence  
Review Questions  
Chapter Two: Interpersonal Violence
Box 2.1 Harrassment and Silence  
Box 2.2 Serial Killer  
Box 2.3 Retaliatory Bombing  
Box 2.4 Homosexual Panic Leading to Murder  
Box 2.5 Rape and Homicide  
Box 2.6 Situated Transactions  
Box 2.7 Altruisitic Killings  
Box 2.8 Motherhood and Mental Illness  
Juvenile Victimization  
Box 2.9 Homosexual Juvenile Homicide  
Box 2.10 College Murder  
Box 2.11 High School Homicide  
Box 2.12 The Smiling Gunman  
Physical and Sexual Child Abuse  
Box 2.13 Rapist Returns  
Box 2.14 Elder Rape and Murder  
Review Questions  
Chapter Three: Institutional Violence
Box 3.1 Rampage in Central Park  
Box 3.2 The Hamburg Riot, 1876
Supremacy (2000)
Box 3.3 The Birmingham Church Bombing, 1963  
Family Violence  
Box 3.4 "Silence Ending About Abuse in Gay Relationships"  
Childhood Maltreatment  
School Violence  
Box 3.5 Youth Sports and Violence  
Gang Violence  
Box 3.6 Do or Die  
Police and Penal Violence  
Box 3.7 Police Torture  
Box 3.8 The Rampart Scandal  
Box 3.9 New Jersey Turnpike Shootings  
Box 3.10 Private Youth Prisons  
Box 3.11 Danger on Death Row  
Review Questions  
Chapter Four: Structural Violence
Box 4.1 Child Slave Labor  
Postcolonial Violence  
Box 4.2 Genocide in the Americas  
Corporate Violence  
Box 4.3 The Tobacco Industry  
Box 4.4 The ValuJet Crash  
Box 4.5 The Auto Industry  
Underclass Violence  
Box 4.6 Hate Crimes Against the Homeless  
Terrorist Violence  
Institutional-Structural Violence  
Box 4.7 The War on Kids  
Review Questions  
Chapter Five: Explanations of Violence
Ad Hoc Explanations: General and Family Violence  
Life-Course Models of Human Behavior: Causation, Time, and Violence  
On the Reciprocity of Violent and Nonviolent Pathways  
A Reciprocal Theory of Violence  
Review Questions  
Chapter Six: Media and Violence
Mass Media, Columbine, and the Middle East  
Box 6.1 A Dialogue on Media and Violence  
Box 6.2 Tania Modleski's Tale  
America's Fascination With Mediated Violence  
Violence and Media Context: The Direct and Indirect Effects  
Mass Media: Production, Distortion, and Consumption  
Review Questions  
Chapter Seven: Sexuality and Violence
Philosophizing About Sexuality  
Nature, Nurture, and Human Evolution  
On Aggression and Nonaggression  
Marking the Sexualities of Difference and Hierarchy  
Box 7.1 The Dialectics of Sexuality and the New Pornography  
Box 7.2 Sexuality, Androgyny, and Sadomasochism  
Sexual Difference, Gender Identity, and Violence  
Review Questions  
Chapter Eight: Recovering From Violence
A Reciprocal Approach to Violence Recovery  
Box 8.1 Battered Women, Welfare, Poverty, Reciprocal Violence, and Recovery  
Interpersonal Recovery  
Institutional Recovery  
Box 8.2 Films, Recovery, and Vigilantism  
Structural Recovery  
Box 8.3 Terrorism, Counterterrorism, Energy, and Recovery  
Review Questions  
Chapter Nine: Models of Nonviolence
On the Paradigms of Adversarialism and Mutualism  
A Brief History of Nonviolent Struggle (1900-2000)  
Models of Nonviolence  
Positive Peacemaking  
Review Questions  
Chapter Ten: Policies of Nonviolence
A Summary Review of Victimization and the Pathways to Violence  
A Review and Critique of the Adversarial War on Violence  
Mutualism and the Struggle for Nonviolence  
Nonviolent Policies That Prevent Antisocial Pathways to Violence  
Nonviolent Policies That Build Pathways to Positive Peace, Human Rights, and Social Justice  
Transformative Justice and Pathways to Violence and Nonviolence  
Review Questions  
About the Author

"Gregg Barak’s Violence and Nonviolence is a thoughtful, comprehensive examination of violence in the United States. Structurally and conceptually this book works. Barak addresses violence in an interdisciplinary way, addressing history, psychology, biology, cultural studies, and sociology. Moreover, Barak does an excellent job of discussing the intersection of race, class, and gender and those relationships with violence."

Heather Melton
University of Utah

 "Clearly, the strength of this book is its comprehensive and reciprocal approach. I found this to be an enjoyable and provocative book… that treats the topic holistically and offers a vision for overcoming current patterns of violence. I am convinced that this is an important work that will ultimately be well-received by undergraduates, graduate students, violence specialists, and general readers."

Mathew T. Lee

"I think that the strengths of this book are twofold: Barak’s approach disaggregates violence into interpersonal, institutional, and structural violence which is very important yet rarely done; the latter part of the book explores the pathways to nonviolence, an underrepresented area in the study of violence."

Charis Kubrin
George Washington University

"I have devoted close to 20 years studying and teaching about violence and I must say that this is a comprehensive book....I strongly believe that Barak has done an outstanding review of the extant literature and touches upon key issues of central concern to those of us who are social scientific experts on violence."

Walter Dekeseredy
Ohio University

This is the book that has been used in the past for this class and seems to be the most fitting for the subject.

Mrs Heather Harmon
Department of Social and Public Health, Ohio University
December 20, 2011

The book is a strong fit for the course objectives of Sociology of Violence and Culture. I also like the variety of information it presents on peacemaking and alternative dispute resolution methods, these are concepts that I believe my students (many of whom are in law enforcement or victim assistance programs) will find beneficial in their professional lives.

Ms Mitzi Hicks
Sociology, Red Rocks Community College
September 12, 2011

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