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Youth Justice in America

Youth Justice in America

Second Edition

August 2014 | 368 pages | CQ Press

Young people are fascinated by juvenile crime and justice topics because they are exposed to these subjects daily through the media, school security, and other everyday experiences. Tapping this interest, Youth Justice in America, Second Edition directly engages the broadest range of students in an exciting and informed discussion of the U.S. juvenile justice system. Written in a straightforward style that will appeal to all students, from high risk groups to AP and law and society classes, the authors combine thoughtful commentary with selections from actual federal and state constitutional criminal law cases to explore issues of juvenile justice. They address tough, important issues that directly affect today's young people, including: How should we balance liberty with the need for an ordered society? How do we enforce order while maintaining constitutional rights? Should we treat juveniles differently than adult offenders? Focusing on cases that relate to the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, the subject matter comes alive through a unique blend of content, including: selections from key cases that affect students; easy-to-read definitions of important terms and concepts; sidebar features; engaging photos; individual and class exercises; and age-appropriate sources for further reading. Following in the footsteps of CQ Press's acclaimed We the Students, Youth Justice in America fills a pressing need to make legal issues personally meaningful to young people. The second edition features new cases dealing with strip searches at school, life sentences without parole for juveniles, electronic surveillance, and examples drawn from recent events in the popular culture. The book’s freshly updated design facilitates student comprehension with new features such as legal definitions in the margin, a “Dissenting Voices” section to provide context for minority judicial opinions, new exercises, and much more.

Chapter 1: American Society, Crime, and the Constitution
The Constitution and Crime

“We the People” and the War on Drugs: Politicians and Their Families, Athletes, Entertainers

Criminal Justice: Not the End of the Story

The American System of Juvenile Justice

Chapter 2: What Is Crime?
Constitutional Limits on Government’s Power to Make Crimes

The Structure of Criminal Laws

Chapter 3: The Second Amendment, Youth, and Schools
The Second Amendment and Young People

The Second Amendment and Schools

Chapter 4: Fourth Amendment: Protection from Unreasonable Searches and Seizures
The Right to Be Left Alone

The Exclusionary Rule

Reasonable Expectation of Privacy

Fourth Amendment Search

Other Expectations of Privacy

What Is a Seizure?

Probable Cause and the Warrant Requirement

Chapter 5: Exceptions Swallow the Rule: Warrantless Searches
Exception 1: Emergency Circumstances

Exception 2: Plain View

Exception 3: Search Incident to an Arrest

Exception 4: Automobile Exception

Exception 5: Consensual Searches

Exception 6: Stop and Frisk

Exclusionary Rule Review

Chapter 6: School Searches
Search of Belongings

Drug Testing and After-School Activities

Drug Testing for All Students?

Strip Searches

Metal Detectors and the Constitution

Chapter 7: Fifth Amendment: Privilege against Self-Incrimination
The Screaming Eagle

Protections against Self-Incrimination

Juveniles and the Miranda Warnings

What Is Custody?

Pull Over, Jack

What Is Interrogation?

The Dangers of False Confession

Chapter 8: Sixth Amendment: Right to Counsel
The Right to Legal Counsel

Role of Legal Counsel

Role of the Defense

Right to Counsel for Juveniles

Right to Effective Counsel

Reality of Ineffective Counsel

A Quick Career Quiz

Chapter 9: Cruel and Unusual Punishment
The Death Penalty Today

The Death Penalty and Juveniles

Turning Over a New Leaf?

Juveniles and Life Imprisonment Without Parole

Chapter 10: The Future of Youth Justice
The Goals of Criminal Punishment

Record Prison Populations

The Racial Dynamics of the Criminal Justice System

Felon and Ex-Felon Disenfranchisement

Gendered Offenders

Life in Prison without Parole


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ISBN: 9781483319162

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